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Structural basis for the recognition and cleavage of histone H3 by cathepsin L.

Adams-Cioaba MA, Krupa JC, Xu C, Mort JS, Min J - Nat Commun (2011)

Bottom Line: Canonical substrate-cathepsin L interactions are observed in the complex between the protease and the histone H3 peptide.Systematic analysis of the impact of posttranslational modifications at histone H3 on substrate selectivity suggests cathepsin L to be highly accommodating of all modified peptides.This is the first report of cathepsin L-histone H3 interaction and the first structural description of cathepsin L in complex with a substrate.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Toronto, 101 College Street, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1L7, Canada.

ABSTRACT
Proteolysis of eukaryotic histone tails has emerged as an important factor in the modulation of cell-cycle progression and cellular differentiation. The recruitment of lysosomal cathepsin L to the nucleus where it mediates proteolysis of the mouse histone H3 tail has been described recently. Here, we report the three-dimensional crystal structures of a mature, inactive mutant of human cathepsin L alone and in complex with a peptide derived from histone H3. Canonical substrate-cathepsin L interactions are observed in the complex between the protease and the histone H3 peptide. Systematic analysis of the impact of posttranslational modifications at histone H3 on substrate selectivity suggests cathepsin L to be highly accommodating of all modified peptides. This is the first report of cathepsin L-histone H3 interaction and the first structural description of cathepsin L in complex with a substrate.

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Crystal structures of apo-mC25A and the mC25A and histone H319−33 peptide complex.(a) The crystal structure of the apo form of the mature, inactive cathepsin L mutant, mC25A. (b) Alignment of the apo-C25A structure with other cathepsin structures of PDB codes 1NPZ, 1VSN and 3BC3 reveals no perturbation in global structure or on the conformation of residues comprising the active-site cleft on mutation of the catalytic cysteine. (c) The standard nomenclature designating the peptide-binding subsites of the cathepsin L active-site-binding cleft. The substrate residues apparent in the crystal structure are indicated in bold. (d) The crystal structure of the mC25A cathepsin L mutant in complex with a peptide derived from the human H3 tail corresponding to residues 19–33 of histone H3 (QLATKAARKSAPATG). Only residues Q19, L20 and A21 could be placed. (e) The Q19–A21 segment of the substrate peptide was fitted into unprimed subsites. The electrostatic surface of mC25A is shown with regions of negative charge indicated in red and positive charges in blue. (f) The Fo–Fc difference density at 3σ contour. The placement of L20 in the S2 subsite was unambiguous. (g) The H3L20 residue occupies the S2 subsite, where it makes a variety of van der Waals contacts with the indicated mC25A side chains. As predicted from biological data, H3A21 occupies the S1 subsite where the S1–S1′ peptide bond would be oriented for nucleophilic cleavage.
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f1: Crystal structures of apo-mC25A and the mC25A and histone H319−33 peptide complex.(a) The crystal structure of the apo form of the mature, inactive cathepsin L mutant, mC25A. (b) Alignment of the apo-C25A structure with other cathepsin structures of PDB codes 1NPZ, 1VSN and 3BC3 reveals no perturbation in global structure or on the conformation of residues comprising the active-site cleft on mutation of the catalytic cysteine. (c) The standard nomenclature designating the peptide-binding subsites of the cathepsin L active-site-binding cleft. The substrate residues apparent in the crystal structure are indicated in bold. (d) The crystal structure of the mC25A cathepsin L mutant in complex with a peptide derived from the human H3 tail corresponding to residues 19–33 of histone H3 (QLATKAARKSAPATG). Only residues Q19, L20 and A21 could be placed. (e) The Q19–A21 segment of the substrate peptide was fitted into unprimed subsites. The electrostatic surface of mC25A is shown with regions of negative charge indicated in red and positive charges in blue. (f) The Fo–Fc difference density at 3σ contour. The placement of L20 in the S2 subsite was unambiguous. (g) The H3L20 residue occupies the S2 subsite, where it makes a variety of van der Waals contacts with the indicated mC25A side chains. As predicted from biological data, H3A21 occupies the S1 subsite where the S1–S1′ peptide bond would be oriented for nucleophilic cleavage.

Mentions: The structure of the apo form of the mature C25A cathepsin L mutant, termed as apo-mC25A, was determined to 2.2 Å by molecular replacement using the wild-type structure of cathepsin L (derived from PDB 3BC3)18 as a search model (Fig. 1a). Comparison of apo-mC25A with previously determined structures from the cathepsin family yielded excellent alignment with the mature forms of cathepsins K, L and S, for which the r.m.s. deviations range from 0.6 to 0.8 Å over >200 aligned residues (Fig. 1b). Close inspection of the active site cleft of apo-mC25A reveals little structural difference compared with the wild-type active form (Fig. 1b).


Structural basis for the recognition and cleavage of histone H3 by cathepsin L.

Adams-Cioaba MA, Krupa JC, Xu C, Mort JS, Min J - Nat Commun (2011)

Crystal structures of apo-mC25A and the mC25A and histone H319−33 peptide complex.(a) The crystal structure of the apo form of the mature, inactive cathepsin L mutant, mC25A. (b) Alignment of the apo-C25A structure with other cathepsin structures of PDB codes 1NPZ, 1VSN and 3BC3 reveals no perturbation in global structure or on the conformation of residues comprising the active-site cleft on mutation of the catalytic cysteine. (c) The standard nomenclature designating the peptide-binding subsites of the cathepsin L active-site-binding cleft. The substrate residues apparent in the crystal structure are indicated in bold. (d) The crystal structure of the mC25A cathepsin L mutant in complex with a peptide derived from the human H3 tail corresponding to residues 19–33 of histone H3 (QLATKAARKSAPATG). Only residues Q19, L20 and A21 could be placed. (e) The Q19–A21 segment of the substrate peptide was fitted into unprimed subsites. The electrostatic surface of mC25A is shown with regions of negative charge indicated in red and positive charges in blue. (f) The Fo–Fc difference density at 3σ contour. The placement of L20 in the S2 subsite was unambiguous. (g) The H3L20 residue occupies the S2 subsite, where it makes a variety of van der Waals contacts with the indicated mC25A side chains. As predicted from biological data, H3A21 occupies the S1 subsite where the S1–S1′ peptide bond would be oriented for nucleophilic cleavage.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

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Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3105313&req=5

f1: Crystal structures of apo-mC25A and the mC25A and histone H319−33 peptide complex.(a) The crystal structure of the apo form of the mature, inactive cathepsin L mutant, mC25A. (b) Alignment of the apo-C25A structure with other cathepsin structures of PDB codes 1NPZ, 1VSN and 3BC3 reveals no perturbation in global structure or on the conformation of residues comprising the active-site cleft on mutation of the catalytic cysteine. (c) The standard nomenclature designating the peptide-binding subsites of the cathepsin L active-site-binding cleft. The substrate residues apparent in the crystal structure are indicated in bold. (d) The crystal structure of the mC25A cathepsin L mutant in complex with a peptide derived from the human H3 tail corresponding to residues 19–33 of histone H3 (QLATKAARKSAPATG). Only residues Q19, L20 and A21 could be placed. (e) The Q19–A21 segment of the substrate peptide was fitted into unprimed subsites. The electrostatic surface of mC25A is shown with regions of negative charge indicated in red and positive charges in blue. (f) The Fo–Fc difference density at 3σ contour. The placement of L20 in the S2 subsite was unambiguous. (g) The H3L20 residue occupies the S2 subsite, where it makes a variety of van der Waals contacts with the indicated mC25A side chains. As predicted from biological data, H3A21 occupies the S1 subsite where the S1–S1′ peptide bond would be oriented for nucleophilic cleavage.
Mentions: The structure of the apo form of the mature C25A cathepsin L mutant, termed as apo-mC25A, was determined to 2.2 Å by molecular replacement using the wild-type structure of cathepsin L (derived from PDB 3BC3)18 as a search model (Fig. 1a). Comparison of apo-mC25A with previously determined structures from the cathepsin family yielded excellent alignment with the mature forms of cathepsins K, L and S, for which the r.m.s. deviations range from 0.6 to 0.8 Å over >200 aligned residues (Fig. 1b). Close inspection of the active site cleft of apo-mC25A reveals little structural difference compared with the wild-type active form (Fig. 1b).

Bottom Line: Canonical substrate-cathepsin L interactions are observed in the complex between the protease and the histone H3 peptide.Systematic analysis of the impact of posttranslational modifications at histone H3 on substrate selectivity suggests cathepsin L to be highly accommodating of all modified peptides.This is the first report of cathepsin L-histone H3 interaction and the first structural description of cathepsin L in complex with a substrate.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Toronto, 101 College Street, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1L7, Canada.

ABSTRACT
Proteolysis of eukaryotic histone tails has emerged as an important factor in the modulation of cell-cycle progression and cellular differentiation. The recruitment of lysosomal cathepsin L to the nucleus where it mediates proteolysis of the mouse histone H3 tail has been described recently. Here, we report the three-dimensional crystal structures of a mature, inactive mutant of human cathepsin L alone and in complex with a peptide derived from histone H3. Canonical substrate-cathepsin L interactions are observed in the complex between the protease and the histone H3 peptide. Systematic analysis of the impact of posttranslational modifications at histone H3 on substrate selectivity suggests cathepsin L to be highly accommodating of all modified peptides. This is the first report of cathepsin L-histone H3 interaction and the first structural description of cathepsin L in complex with a substrate.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus