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Construct validity of the Moral Development Scale for Professionals (MDSP).

Söderhamn O, Bjørnestad JO, Skisland A, Cliffordson C - J Multidiscip Healthc (2011)

Bottom Line: Results confirmed the simplex model structure, indicating that MDSP reflects a moral construct empirically organized from low to high.A minority of respondents >20 years of age (13.5%) scored more than 80% on the highest moral level.The findings support the construct validity of the MDSP and the stages and levels in Kohlberg's theory.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Agder, Grimstad and Kristiansand, Norway;

ABSTRACT
The aim of this study was to investigate the construct validity of the Moral Development Scale for Professionals (MDSP) using structural equation modeling. The instrument is a 12-item self-report instrument, developed in the Scandinavian cultural context and based on Kohlberg's theory. A hypothesized simplex structure model underlying the MDSP was tested through structural equation modeling. Validity was also tested as the proportion of respondents older than 20 years that reached the highest moral level, which according to the theory should be small. A convenience sample of 339 nursing students with a mean age of 25.3 years participated. Results confirmed the simplex model structure, indicating that MDSP reflects a moral construct empirically organized from low to high. A minority of respondents >20 years of age (13.5%) scored more than 80% on the highest moral level. The findings support the construct validity of the MDSP and the stages and levels in Kohlberg's theory.

No MeSH data available.


The 4-factor simplex model of moral development.
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f1-jmdh-4-165: The 4-factor simplex model of moral development.

Mentions: In the second step of the investigation, a 4-factor simplex model was hypothesized and tested. This model is displayed in Figure 1. This model also showed a close goodness-of-fit with RMSEA = 0.042 and chi-square 81.03 (df = 51), P < 0.00. Here, stage 3 on the conventional level explained 72% of the variances in 4. Stage 4 explained 81% of the variances in 5 on the postconventional level. However, stage 5 explained 100% of the variances in 6, which presumably means that information is lacking at the postconventional level, where only 2 items represent the final stage. This result means that the 2 stages on the postconventional level cannot be separated from each other in the study group.


Construct validity of the Moral Development Scale for Professionals (MDSP).

Söderhamn O, Bjørnestad JO, Skisland A, Cliffordson C - J Multidiscip Healthc (2011)

The 4-factor simplex model of moral development.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3104688&req=5

f1-jmdh-4-165: The 4-factor simplex model of moral development.
Mentions: In the second step of the investigation, a 4-factor simplex model was hypothesized and tested. This model is displayed in Figure 1. This model also showed a close goodness-of-fit with RMSEA = 0.042 and chi-square 81.03 (df = 51), P < 0.00. Here, stage 3 on the conventional level explained 72% of the variances in 4. Stage 4 explained 81% of the variances in 5 on the postconventional level. However, stage 5 explained 100% of the variances in 6, which presumably means that information is lacking at the postconventional level, where only 2 items represent the final stage. This result means that the 2 stages on the postconventional level cannot be separated from each other in the study group.

Bottom Line: Results confirmed the simplex model structure, indicating that MDSP reflects a moral construct empirically organized from low to high.A minority of respondents >20 years of age (13.5%) scored more than 80% on the highest moral level.The findings support the construct validity of the MDSP and the stages and levels in Kohlberg's theory.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Agder, Grimstad and Kristiansand, Norway;

ABSTRACT
The aim of this study was to investigate the construct validity of the Moral Development Scale for Professionals (MDSP) using structural equation modeling. The instrument is a 12-item self-report instrument, developed in the Scandinavian cultural context and based on Kohlberg's theory. A hypothesized simplex structure model underlying the MDSP was tested through structural equation modeling. Validity was also tested as the proportion of respondents older than 20 years that reached the highest moral level, which according to the theory should be small. A convenience sample of 339 nursing students with a mean age of 25.3 years participated. Results confirmed the simplex model structure, indicating that MDSP reflects a moral construct empirically organized from low to high. A minority of respondents >20 years of age (13.5%) scored more than 80% on the highest moral level. The findings support the construct validity of the MDSP and the stages and levels in Kohlberg's theory.

No MeSH data available.