Limits...
Promising cytotoxic activity profile of fermented wheat germ extract (AvemarĀ®) in human cancer cell lines.

Mueller T, Jordan K, Voigt W - J. Exp. Clin. Cancer Res. (2011)

Bottom Line: Limited recent data suggest antiproliferative, antimetastatic and immunological effects which were at least in part exerted by two quinones, 2-methoxy benzoquinone and 2,6-dimethoxybenzquinone as ingredients of FWGE.The highest activity was found in neuroblastoma cell lines with an average IC50 of 0.042 mg/ml.However, sequential drug exposure of 5-FU and FWGE in colon cancer cell lines appeared to be schedule-dependent (5-FU may precede FWGE).Further evaluation of FWGE as a candidate for clinical combination drug regimens appeared to be warranted.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: University of Halle, Department Internal Medicine, Oncology/Hematology and Hemostaseology, Ernst-Grube Str, 40, 06120 Halle/Saale, Germany.

ABSTRACT
Fermented wheat germ extract (FWGE) is currently used as nutrition supplement for cancer patients. Limited recent data suggest antiproliferative, antimetastatic and immunological effects which were at least in part exerted by two quinones, 2-methoxy benzoquinone and 2,6-dimethoxybenzquinone as ingredients of FWGE. These activity data prompted us to further evaluate the in vitro antiproliferative activity of FWGE alone or in combination with the commonly used cytotoxic drugs 5-FU, oxaliplatin or irinotecan in a broad spectrum of human tumor cell lines. We used the sulforhodamine B assay to determine dose response relationships and IC50-values were calculated using the Hill equation. Drug interaction of simultaneous and sequential drug exposure was estimated using the model of Drewinko and potential clinical activity was assessed by the model of relative antitumor activity (RAA). Apoptosis was detected by DNA gel electrophoresis.FWGE induced apoptosis and exerted significant antitumor activity in a broad spectrum of 32 human cancer cell lines. The highest activity was found in neuroblastoma cell lines with an average IC50 of 0.042 mg/ml. Furthermore, IC50-range was very narrow ranging from 0.3 mg/ml to 0.54 mg/ml in 8 colon cancer cell lines. At combination experiments in colon cancer cell lines when FWGE was simultaneously applied with either 5-FU, oxaliplatin or irinotecan we observed additive to synergistic drug interaction, particularly for 5-FU. At sequential drug exposure with 5-FU and FWGE the observed synergism was abolished.Taken together, FWGE exerts significant antitumor activity in our tumor model. Simultaneous drug exposure with FWGE and 5-FU, oxaliplatin or irinotecan yielded in additive to synergistic drug interaction. However, sequential drug exposure of 5-FU and FWGE in colon cancer cell lines appeared to be schedule-dependent (5-FU may precede FWGE).Further evaluation of FWGE as a candidate for clinical combination drug regimens appeared to be warranted.

Show MeSH

Related in: MedlinePlus

Illustration of IC50 of FWGE as a mean graph. IC50 of at least 3 independent experiments per cell line were averaged and summarized as a mean graph for better comparison of the different activity. The average IC50 is 0.33 mg/ml. The highest activity of FWGE was found on neuroblastoma and ovarian cancer cell lines. It's interesting to note that the IC50-values of the 8 human CRC cell lines included in this screen range close to the average IC50.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3104483&req=5

Figure 1: Illustration of IC50 of FWGE as a mean graph. IC50 of at least 3 independent experiments per cell line were averaged and summarized as a mean graph for better comparison of the different activity. The average IC50 is 0.33 mg/ml. The highest activity of FWGE was found on neuroblastoma and ovarian cancer cell lines. It's interesting to note that the IC50-values of the 8 human CRC cell lines included in this screen range close to the average IC50.

Mentions: The antiproliferative activity of a 96 hour continuous exposure to FWGE was evaluated in a large panel of human tumor cell lines using the SRB-assay. IC50-values were calculated using the Hill equation and the obtained data from at least three independent experiments were summarized as a mean graph (Figure 1). IC50 of FWGE ranged from 0.038 mg/ml to 0.7 mg/ml with a median IC50 of 0.33 mg/ml.


Promising cytotoxic activity profile of fermented wheat germ extract (AvemarĀ®) in human cancer cell lines.

Mueller T, Jordan K, Voigt W - J. Exp. Clin. Cancer Res. (2011)

Illustration of IC50 of FWGE as a mean graph. IC50 of at least 3 independent experiments per cell line were averaged and summarized as a mean graph for better comparison of the different activity. The average IC50 is 0.33 mg/ml. The highest activity of FWGE was found on neuroblastoma and ovarian cancer cell lines. It's interesting to note that the IC50-values of the 8 human CRC cell lines included in this screen range close to the average IC50.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3104483&req=5

Figure 1: Illustration of IC50 of FWGE as a mean graph. IC50 of at least 3 independent experiments per cell line were averaged and summarized as a mean graph for better comparison of the different activity. The average IC50 is 0.33 mg/ml. The highest activity of FWGE was found on neuroblastoma and ovarian cancer cell lines. It's interesting to note that the IC50-values of the 8 human CRC cell lines included in this screen range close to the average IC50.
Mentions: The antiproliferative activity of a 96 hour continuous exposure to FWGE was evaluated in a large panel of human tumor cell lines using the SRB-assay. IC50-values were calculated using the Hill equation and the obtained data from at least three independent experiments were summarized as a mean graph (Figure 1). IC50 of FWGE ranged from 0.038 mg/ml to 0.7 mg/ml with a median IC50 of 0.33 mg/ml.

Bottom Line: Limited recent data suggest antiproliferative, antimetastatic and immunological effects which were at least in part exerted by two quinones, 2-methoxy benzoquinone and 2,6-dimethoxybenzquinone as ingredients of FWGE.The highest activity was found in neuroblastoma cell lines with an average IC50 of 0.042 mg/ml.However, sequential drug exposure of 5-FU and FWGE in colon cancer cell lines appeared to be schedule-dependent (5-FU may precede FWGE).Further evaluation of FWGE as a candidate for clinical combination drug regimens appeared to be warranted.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: University of Halle, Department Internal Medicine, Oncology/Hematology and Hemostaseology, Ernst-Grube Str, 40, 06120 Halle/Saale, Germany.

ABSTRACT
Fermented wheat germ extract (FWGE) is currently used as nutrition supplement for cancer patients. Limited recent data suggest antiproliferative, antimetastatic and immunological effects which were at least in part exerted by two quinones, 2-methoxy benzoquinone and 2,6-dimethoxybenzquinone as ingredients of FWGE. These activity data prompted us to further evaluate the in vitro antiproliferative activity of FWGE alone or in combination with the commonly used cytotoxic drugs 5-FU, oxaliplatin or irinotecan in a broad spectrum of human tumor cell lines. We used the sulforhodamine B assay to determine dose response relationships and IC50-values were calculated using the Hill equation. Drug interaction of simultaneous and sequential drug exposure was estimated using the model of Drewinko and potential clinical activity was assessed by the model of relative antitumor activity (RAA). Apoptosis was detected by DNA gel electrophoresis.FWGE induced apoptosis and exerted significant antitumor activity in a broad spectrum of 32 human cancer cell lines. The highest activity was found in neuroblastoma cell lines with an average IC50 of 0.042 mg/ml. Furthermore, IC50-range was very narrow ranging from 0.3 mg/ml to 0.54 mg/ml in 8 colon cancer cell lines. At combination experiments in colon cancer cell lines when FWGE was simultaneously applied with either 5-FU, oxaliplatin or irinotecan we observed additive to synergistic drug interaction, particularly for 5-FU. At sequential drug exposure with 5-FU and FWGE the observed synergism was abolished.Taken together, FWGE exerts significant antitumor activity in our tumor model. Simultaneous drug exposure with FWGE and 5-FU, oxaliplatin or irinotecan yielded in additive to synergistic drug interaction. However, sequential drug exposure of 5-FU and FWGE in colon cancer cell lines appeared to be schedule-dependent (5-FU may precede FWGE).Further evaluation of FWGE as a candidate for clinical combination drug regimens appeared to be warranted.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus