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A research strategy case study of alcohol and drug prevention by non-governmental organizations in Sweden 2003-2009.

Eriksson C, Geidne S, Larsson M, Pettersson C - Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy (2011)

Bottom Line: The embedded case study includes 135 projects in 69 organisations and 14 in-depth process or effect studies.A core element is developing a trustful partnership between the researchers and the organisations.Moreover, the funding agency must acknowledge the importance of knowledge development and allocating resources to research groups that is capable of cooperating with practitioners and NGOs.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, S-701 82 Örebro, Sweden. charli.eriksson@oru.se

ABSTRACT

Background: Alcohol and drug prevention is high on the public health agenda in many countries. An increasing trend is the call for evidence-based practice. In Sweden in 2002 an innovative project portfolio including an integrated research and competence-building strategy for non-governmental organisations (NGOs) was designed by the National Board of Health and Welfare (NBHW). This research strategy case study is based on this initiative.

Methods: The embedded case study includes 135 projects in 69 organisations and 14 in-depth process or effect studies. The data in the case study has been compiled using multiple methods - administrative data; interviews and questionnaires to project leaders; focus group discussions and seminars; direct and participatory observations, interviews, and documentation of implementation; consultations with the NBHW and the NGOs; and a literature review. Annual reports have been submitted each year and three bi-national conferences Reflections on preventions have been held.

Results: A broad range of organisations have been included in the NBHW project portfolio. A minority of the project were run by Alcohol or drug organisations, while a majority has children or adolescents as target groups. In order to develop a trustful partnership between practitioners, national agencies and researchers a series of measures were developed and implemented: meeting with project leaders, project dialogues and consultations, competence strengthening, support to documentation, in-depth studies and national conferences. A common element was that the projects were program-driven and not research-driven interventions. The role of researchers-as-technical advisors was suitable for the fostering of a trustful partnership for research and development. The independence of the NGOs was regarded as important for the momentum in the project implementation. The research strategy also includes elements of participatory research.

Conclusions: This research strategy case study shows that it is possible to integrate research into alcohol and drug prevention programs run by NGOs, and thereby contribute to a more evidence-based practice. A core element is developing a trustful partnership between the researchers and the organisations. Moreover, the funding agency must acknowledge the importance of knowledge development and allocating resources to research groups that is capable of cooperating with practitioners and NGOs.

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Assessment by project leaders of measures to improve collaboration between NGO and research in 2006.
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Figure 4: Assessment by project leaders of measures to improve collaboration between NGO and research in 2006.

Mentions: In the annual reports the project leaders also assess the implemented measures by the researchers. These have guided the future efforts of the research team. As an example, the assessments made in January 2005 are presented in Figure 4. The financial support was very important, followed by the support from the NBHW, the project leader meetings, and the supervision. One third of the project leaders regarded the support for the documentation as very important. The academic training in alcohol and drug prevention was regarded as very important by one fifth of the project leaders, which is a high proportion given that only a small group participated in the distance education course. Only eight projects were at that time included in the in-depth studies, nevertheless one third of the project leaders reported this measure as very important. The case study data bank includes information for questionnaires, interview and other data sources for the assessment of the implementation of the research strategy.


A research strategy case study of alcohol and drug prevention by non-governmental organizations in Sweden 2003-2009.

Eriksson C, Geidne S, Larsson M, Pettersson C - Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy (2011)

Assessment by project leaders of measures to improve collaboration between NGO and research in 2006.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3102619&req=5

Figure 4: Assessment by project leaders of measures to improve collaboration between NGO and research in 2006.
Mentions: In the annual reports the project leaders also assess the implemented measures by the researchers. These have guided the future efforts of the research team. As an example, the assessments made in January 2005 are presented in Figure 4. The financial support was very important, followed by the support from the NBHW, the project leader meetings, and the supervision. One third of the project leaders regarded the support for the documentation as very important. The academic training in alcohol and drug prevention was regarded as very important by one fifth of the project leaders, which is a high proportion given that only a small group participated in the distance education course. Only eight projects were at that time included in the in-depth studies, nevertheless one third of the project leaders reported this measure as very important. The case study data bank includes information for questionnaires, interview and other data sources for the assessment of the implementation of the research strategy.

Bottom Line: The embedded case study includes 135 projects in 69 organisations and 14 in-depth process or effect studies.A core element is developing a trustful partnership between the researchers and the organisations.Moreover, the funding agency must acknowledge the importance of knowledge development and allocating resources to research groups that is capable of cooperating with practitioners and NGOs.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, S-701 82 Örebro, Sweden. charli.eriksson@oru.se

ABSTRACT

Background: Alcohol and drug prevention is high on the public health agenda in many countries. An increasing trend is the call for evidence-based practice. In Sweden in 2002 an innovative project portfolio including an integrated research and competence-building strategy for non-governmental organisations (NGOs) was designed by the National Board of Health and Welfare (NBHW). This research strategy case study is based on this initiative.

Methods: The embedded case study includes 135 projects in 69 organisations and 14 in-depth process or effect studies. The data in the case study has been compiled using multiple methods - administrative data; interviews and questionnaires to project leaders; focus group discussions and seminars; direct and participatory observations, interviews, and documentation of implementation; consultations with the NBHW and the NGOs; and a literature review. Annual reports have been submitted each year and three bi-national conferences Reflections on preventions have been held.

Results: A broad range of organisations have been included in the NBHW project portfolio. A minority of the project were run by Alcohol or drug organisations, while a majority has children or adolescents as target groups. In order to develop a trustful partnership between practitioners, national agencies and researchers a series of measures were developed and implemented: meeting with project leaders, project dialogues and consultations, competence strengthening, support to documentation, in-depth studies and national conferences. A common element was that the projects were program-driven and not research-driven interventions. The role of researchers-as-technical advisors was suitable for the fostering of a trustful partnership for research and development. The independence of the NGOs was regarded as important for the momentum in the project implementation. The research strategy also includes elements of participatory research.

Conclusions: This research strategy case study shows that it is possible to integrate research into alcohol and drug prevention programs run by NGOs, and thereby contribute to a more evidence-based practice. A core element is developing a trustful partnership between the researchers and the organisations. Moreover, the funding agency must acknowledge the importance of knowledge development and allocating resources to research groups that is capable of cooperating with practitioners and NGOs.

Show MeSH