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Mistakes that affect others: an fMRI study on processing of own errors in a social context.

Radke S, de Lange FP, Ullsperger M, de Bruijn ER - Exp Brain Res (2011)

Bottom Line: Activation in posterior medial frontal cortex (pMFC) and bilateral insula was increased for all errors, whereas errors that implied consequences for others specifically activated medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), an important part of the mentalizing system.The results demonstrate that performance monitoring in social contexts involves additional processes and brain structures compared with individual performance monitoring where errors only have consequences for the person committing them.Taking into account how one's behavior may affect others is particularly crucial for adapting behavior in interpersonal interactions and joint action.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Nijmegen, P.O. Box 9104, 6500 HE Nijmegen, The Netherlands. s.radke@donders.ru.nl

ABSTRACT
In social contexts, errors have a special significance and often bear consequences for others. Thinking about others and drawing social inferences in interpersonal games engages the mentalizing system. We used neuroimaging to investigate the differences in brain activations between errors that affect only agents themselves and errors that additionally influence the payoffs of interaction partners. Activation in posterior medial frontal cortex (pMFC) and bilateral insula was increased for all errors, whereas errors that implied consequences for others specifically activated medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), an important part of the mentalizing system. The results demonstrate that performance monitoring in social contexts involves additional processes and brain structures compared with individual performance monitoring where errors only have consequences for the person committing them. Taking into account how one's behavior may affect others is particularly crucial for adapting behavior in interpersonal interactions and joint action.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Sagittal and coronal view of error-specific brain activations in both contexts (duo and solo). Increased activation in pMFC (4, 22, 36) and bilateral insula (36, 20, 2; −42, 18, −10) was evident for erroneous compared with correct responses. Thresholded at T = 3.36, corrected for multiple comparisons at the cluster level
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Fig2: Sagittal and coronal view of error-specific brain activations in both contexts (duo and solo). Increased activation in pMFC (4, 22, 36) and bilateral insula (36, 20, 2; −42, 18, −10) was evident for erroneous compared with correct responses. Thresholded at T = 3.36, corrected for multiple comparisons at the cluster level

Mentions: As expected, the main effect of response type (erroneous compared with correct responses) showed activation in the error-monitoring network, including pMFC (4, 22, 36) and bilateral insula (36, 20, 2; −42, 18, −10), and was independent of setting and consequence (see Table 1 and Fig. 2).Table 1


Mistakes that affect others: an fMRI study on processing of own errors in a social context.

Radke S, de Lange FP, Ullsperger M, de Bruijn ER - Exp Brain Res (2011)

Sagittal and coronal view of error-specific brain activations in both contexts (duo and solo). Increased activation in pMFC (4, 22, 36) and bilateral insula (36, 20, 2; −42, 18, −10) was evident for erroneous compared with correct responses. Thresholded at T = 3.36, corrected for multiple comparisons at the cluster level
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3102186&req=5

Fig2: Sagittal and coronal view of error-specific brain activations in both contexts (duo and solo). Increased activation in pMFC (4, 22, 36) and bilateral insula (36, 20, 2; −42, 18, −10) was evident for erroneous compared with correct responses. Thresholded at T = 3.36, corrected for multiple comparisons at the cluster level
Mentions: As expected, the main effect of response type (erroneous compared with correct responses) showed activation in the error-monitoring network, including pMFC (4, 22, 36) and bilateral insula (36, 20, 2; −42, 18, −10), and was independent of setting and consequence (see Table 1 and Fig. 2).Table 1

Bottom Line: Activation in posterior medial frontal cortex (pMFC) and bilateral insula was increased for all errors, whereas errors that implied consequences for others specifically activated medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), an important part of the mentalizing system.The results demonstrate that performance monitoring in social contexts involves additional processes and brain structures compared with individual performance monitoring where errors only have consequences for the person committing them.Taking into account how one's behavior may affect others is particularly crucial for adapting behavior in interpersonal interactions and joint action.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Nijmegen, P.O. Box 9104, 6500 HE Nijmegen, The Netherlands. s.radke@donders.ru.nl

ABSTRACT
In social contexts, errors have a special significance and often bear consequences for others. Thinking about others and drawing social inferences in interpersonal games engages the mentalizing system. We used neuroimaging to investigate the differences in brain activations between errors that affect only agents themselves and errors that additionally influence the payoffs of interaction partners. Activation in posterior medial frontal cortex (pMFC) and bilateral insula was increased for all errors, whereas errors that implied consequences for others specifically activated medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), an important part of the mentalizing system. The results demonstrate that performance monitoring in social contexts involves additional processes and brain structures compared with individual performance monitoring where errors only have consequences for the person committing them. Taking into account how one's behavior may affect others is particularly crucial for adapting behavior in interpersonal interactions and joint action.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus