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Mistakes that affect others: an fMRI study on processing of own errors in a social context.

Radke S, de Lange FP, Ullsperger M, de Bruijn ER - Exp Brain Res (2011)

Bottom Line: Activation in posterior medial frontal cortex (pMFC) and bilateral insula was increased for all errors, whereas errors that implied consequences for others specifically activated medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), an important part of the mentalizing system.The results demonstrate that performance monitoring in social contexts involves additional processes and brain structures compared with individual performance monitoring where errors only have consequences for the person committing them.Taking into account how one's behavior may affect others is particularly crucial for adapting behavior in interpersonal interactions and joint action.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Nijmegen, P.O. Box 9104, 6500 HE Nijmegen, The Netherlands. s.radke@donders.ru.nl

ABSTRACT
In social contexts, errors have a special significance and often bear consequences for others. Thinking about others and drawing social inferences in interpersonal games engages the mentalizing system. We used neuroimaging to investigate the differences in brain activations between errors that affect only agents themselves and errors that additionally influence the payoffs of interaction partners. Activation in posterior medial frontal cortex (pMFC) and bilateral insula was increased for all errors, whereas errors that implied consequences for others specifically activated medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), an important part of the mentalizing system. The results demonstrate that performance monitoring in social contexts involves additional processes and brain structures compared with individual performance monitoring where errors only have consequences for the person committing them. Taking into account how one's behavior may affect others is particularly crucial for adapting behavior in interpersonal interactions and joint action.

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Cannon shooting task and payoff matrix. Examples of a correct (a) and an incorrect action (b) are shown. fMRI was time-locked to the presentation of the feedback, always containing the crucial information about the correctness of the performed action. (c) Payoff matrix for the two conditions. Committing an error was always associated with a monetary loss (10 cents) for the participant. In the duo condition, errors additionally bore consequences for the other player, either monetary loss (cooperative setting) or gain (competitive setting; each 10 cents)
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Fig1: Cannon shooting task and payoff matrix. Examples of a correct (a) and an incorrect action (b) are shown. fMRI was time-locked to the presentation of the feedback, always containing the crucial information about the correctness of the performed action. (c) Payoff matrix for the two conditions. Committing an error was always associated with a monetary loss (10 cents) for the participant. In the duo condition, errors additionally bore consequences for the other player, either monetary loss (cooperative setting) or gain (competitive setting; each 10 cents)

Mentions: Participants performed a computerized task, the cannon shooting game (see Fig. 1). The aim of the task was to stop a horizontally moving cannon (triangle) by a button press, precisely lining it up with a stationary target in order to shoot the target (square). The size of the target was dynamically adapted based on participants’ performance such that a mean hit rate of around 60% was achieved.Fig. 1


Mistakes that affect others: an fMRI study on processing of own errors in a social context.

Radke S, de Lange FP, Ullsperger M, de Bruijn ER - Exp Brain Res (2011)

Cannon shooting task and payoff matrix. Examples of a correct (a) and an incorrect action (b) are shown. fMRI was time-locked to the presentation of the feedback, always containing the crucial information about the correctness of the performed action. (c) Payoff matrix for the two conditions. Committing an error was always associated with a monetary loss (10 cents) for the participant. In the duo condition, errors additionally bore consequences for the other player, either monetary loss (cooperative setting) or gain (competitive setting; each 10 cents)
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3102186&req=5

Fig1: Cannon shooting task and payoff matrix. Examples of a correct (a) and an incorrect action (b) are shown. fMRI was time-locked to the presentation of the feedback, always containing the crucial information about the correctness of the performed action. (c) Payoff matrix for the two conditions. Committing an error was always associated with a monetary loss (10 cents) for the participant. In the duo condition, errors additionally bore consequences for the other player, either monetary loss (cooperative setting) or gain (competitive setting; each 10 cents)
Mentions: Participants performed a computerized task, the cannon shooting game (see Fig. 1). The aim of the task was to stop a horizontally moving cannon (triangle) by a button press, precisely lining it up with a stationary target in order to shoot the target (square). The size of the target was dynamically adapted based on participants’ performance such that a mean hit rate of around 60% was achieved.Fig. 1

Bottom Line: Activation in posterior medial frontal cortex (pMFC) and bilateral insula was increased for all errors, whereas errors that implied consequences for others specifically activated medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), an important part of the mentalizing system.The results demonstrate that performance monitoring in social contexts involves additional processes and brain structures compared with individual performance monitoring where errors only have consequences for the person committing them.Taking into account how one's behavior may affect others is particularly crucial for adapting behavior in interpersonal interactions and joint action.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Nijmegen, P.O. Box 9104, 6500 HE Nijmegen, The Netherlands. s.radke@donders.ru.nl

ABSTRACT
In social contexts, errors have a special significance and often bear consequences for others. Thinking about others and drawing social inferences in interpersonal games engages the mentalizing system. We used neuroimaging to investigate the differences in brain activations between errors that affect only agents themselves and errors that additionally influence the payoffs of interaction partners. Activation in posterior medial frontal cortex (pMFC) and bilateral insula was increased for all errors, whereas errors that implied consequences for others specifically activated medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), an important part of the mentalizing system. The results demonstrate that performance monitoring in social contexts involves additional processes and brain structures compared with individual performance monitoring where errors only have consequences for the person committing them. Taking into account how one's behavior may affect others is particularly crucial for adapting behavior in interpersonal interactions and joint action.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus