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Gender difference of unconscious attentional bias in high trait anxiety individuals.

Tan J, Ma Z, Gao X, Wu Y, Fang F - PLoS ONE (2011)

Bottom Line: Their performance was used to measure attentional effect induced by the cue.We found gender differences of attentional effect only in the unconscious condition with HTAs.Our results suggested that the failure to find attentional avoidance of threatening stimuli in many previous studies might be attributed to consciously presented stimuli and data analysis regardless of participants' gender.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, Peking University, Beijing, China.

ABSTRACT
By combining binocular suppression technique and a probe detection paradigm, we investigated attentional bias to invisible stimuli and its gender difference in both high trait anxiety (HTA) and low trait anxiety (LTA) individuals. As an attentional cue, happy or fearful face pictures were presented to HTAs and LTAs for 800 ms either consciously or unconsciously (through binocular suppression). Participants were asked to judge the orientation of a gabor patch following the face pictures. Their performance was used to measure attentional effect induced by the cue. We found gender differences of attentional effect only in the unconscious condition with HTAs. Female HTAs exhibited difficulty in disengaging attention from the location where fearful faces were presented, while male HTAs showed attentional avoidance of it. Our results suggested that the failure to find attentional avoidance of threatening stimuli in many previous studies might be attributed to consciously presented stimuli and data analysis regardless of participants' gender. These findings also contributed to our understanding of gender difference in anxiety disorder.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Attention bias and avoidance by neutral, happy and fearful faces in the invisible condition.Female participants exhibited attentional bias to fearful faces, while male participants exhibited attentional avoidance of fearful faces. This result supported that there was gender difference in HTA population. Additionally, we did not find attentional effects by both neutral and happy faces. Error bars denote 1 SEM calculated across subjects.
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pone-0020305-g005: Attention bias and avoidance by neutral, happy and fearful faces in the invisible condition.Female participants exhibited attentional bias to fearful faces, while male participants exhibited attentional avoidance of fearful faces. This result supported that there was gender difference in HTA population. Additionally, we did not find attentional effects by both neutral and happy faces. Error bars denote 1 SEM calculated across subjects.

Mentions: Attentional effects by neutral, happy and fearful faces in the HTA group were presented in Figure 5. A 2 (female/male)×3 (happy/neutral/fearful) mixed-design ANOVA was performed for the visible condition and invisible condition separately.


Gender difference of unconscious attentional bias in high trait anxiety individuals.

Tan J, Ma Z, Gao X, Wu Y, Fang F - PLoS ONE (2011)

Attention bias and avoidance by neutral, happy and fearful faces in the invisible condition.Female participants exhibited attentional bias to fearful faces, while male participants exhibited attentional avoidance of fearful faces. This result supported that there was gender difference in HTA population. Additionally, we did not find attentional effects by both neutral and happy faces. Error bars denote 1 SEM calculated across subjects.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3101250&req=5

pone-0020305-g005: Attention bias and avoidance by neutral, happy and fearful faces in the invisible condition.Female participants exhibited attentional bias to fearful faces, while male participants exhibited attentional avoidance of fearful faces. This result supported that there was gender difference in HTA population. Additionally, we did not find attentional effects by both neutral and happy faces. Error bars denote 1 SEM calculated across subjects.
Mentions: Attentional effects by neutral, happy and fearful faces in the HTA group were presented in Figure 5. A 2 (female/male)×3 (happy/neutral/fearful) mixed-design ANOVA was performed for the visible condition and invisible condition separately.

Bottom Line: Their performance was used to measure attentional effect induced by the cue.We found gender differences of attentional effect only in the unconscious condition with HTAs.Our results suggested that the failure to find attentional avoidance of threatening stimuli in many previous studies might be attributed to consciously presented stimuli and data analysis regardless of participants' gender.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, Peking University, Beijing, China.

ABSTRACT
By combining binocular suppression technique and a probe detection paradigm, we investigated attentional bias to invisible stimuli and its gender difference in both high trait anxiety (HTA) and low trait anxiety (LTA) individuals. As an attentional cue, happy or fearful face pictures were presented to HTAs and LTAs for 800 ms either consciously or unconsciously (through binocular suppression). Participants were asked to judge the orientation of a gabor patch following the face pictures. Their performance was used to measure attentional effect induced by the cue. We found gender differences of attentional effect only in the unconscious condition with HTAs. Female HTAs exhibited difficulty in disengaging attention from the location where fearful faces were presented, while male HTAs showed attentional avoidance of it. Our results suggested that the failure to find attentional avoidance of threatening stimuli in many previous studies might be attributed to consciously presented stimuli and data analysis regardless of participants' gender. These findings also contributed to our understanding of gender difference in anxiety disorder.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus