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Horizontal alveolar bone loss: A periodontal orphan.

Jayakumar A, Rohini S, Naveen A, Haritha A, Reddy K - J Indian Soc Periodontol (2010)

Bottom Line: Totally, 3,371 teeth were studied, out of which horizontal bone loss was found in 3,107 (92.2%) teeth, and vertical defects were found only in 264 (7.8%) of the teeth, which was statistically significant (P<.001).Two papers have addressed both types of bone loss and are included in both categories.This study should be an impetus for greater attention to an otherwise ubiquitous periodontal challenge.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Periodontics, Sri Sai College of Dental Surgery, Vikarabad, Andhra Pradesh, India.

ABSTRACT

Background: Attempts to successfully regenerate lost alveolar bone have always been a clinician's dream. Angular defects, at least, have a fairer chance, but the same cannot be said about horizontal bone loss. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of horizontal alveolar bone loss and vertical bone defects in periodontal patients; and later, to correlate it with the treatment modalities available in the literature for horizontal and vertical bone defects.

Materials and methods: The study was conducted in two parts. Part I was the radiographic evaluation of 150 orthopantomographs (OPGs) (of patients diagnosed with chronic periodontitis and seeking periodontal care), which were digitized and read using the AutoCAD 2006 software. All the periodontitis-affected teeth were categorized as teeth with vertical defects (if the defect angle was ≤45° and defect depth was ≥3 mm) or as having horizontal bone loss. Part II of the study comprised search of the literature on treatment modalities for horizontal and vertical bone loss in four selected periodontal journals.

Results: Out of the 150 OPGs studied, 54 (36%) OPGs showed one or more vertical defects. Totally, 3,371 teeth were studied, out of which horizontal bone loss was found in 3,107 (92.2%) teeth, and vertical defects were found only in 264 (7.8%) of the teeth, which was statistically significant (P<.001). Search of the selected journals revealed 477 papers have addressed the treatment modalities for vertical and horizontal types of bone loss specifically. Out of the 477 papers, 461 (96.3%) have addressed vertical bone loss, and 18 (3.7%) have addressed treatment options for horizontal bone loss. Two papers have addressed both types of bone loss and are included in both categories.

Conclusion: Horizontal bone loss is more prevalent than vertical bone loss but has been sidelined by researchers as very few papers have been published on the subject of regenerative treatment modalities for this type of bone loss. This study should be an impetus for greater attention to an otherwise ubiquitous periodontal challenge.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

(a) Prevalence of horizontal and vertical defects (b) available treatment options for horizontal defects and vertical defects
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Figure 0005: (a) Prevalence of horizontal and vertical defects (b) available treatment options for horizontal defects and vertical defects

Mentions: It is paradoxical that vertical bone loss, with a prevalence of 7.8%, takes the cake by having 96.8% treatment options; whereas horizontal bone loss, with an overwhelming prevalence of 92.2%, gets scant attention with 3.2% treatment modalities. [Figures 5a and b]


Horizontal alveolar bone loss: A periodontal orphan.

Jayakumar A, Rohini S, Naveen A, Haritha A, Reddy K - J Indian Soc Periodontol (2010)

(a) Prevalence of horizontal and vertical defects (b) available treatment options for horizontal defects and vertical defects
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3100862&req=5

Figure 0005: (a) Prevalence of horizontal and vertical defects (b) available treatment options for horizontal defects and vertical defects
Mentions: It is paradoxical that vertical bone loss, with a prevalence of 7.8%, takes the cake by having 96.8% treatment options; whereas horizontal bone loss, with an overwhelming prevalence of 92.2%, gets scant attention with 3.2% treatment modalities. [Figures 5a and b]

Bottom Line: Totally, 3,371 teeth were studied, out of which horizontal bone loss was found in 3,107 (92.2%) teeth, and vertical defects were found only in 264 (7.8%) of the teeth, which was statistically significant (P<.001).Two papers have addressed both types of bone loss and are included in both categories.This study should be an impetus for greater attention to an otherwise ubiquitous periodontal challenge.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Periodontics, Sri Sai College of Dental Surgery, Vikarabad, Andhra Pradesh, India.

ABSTRACT

Background: Attempts to successfully regenerate lost alveolar bone have always been a clinician's dream. Angular defects, at least, have a fairer chance, but the same cannot be said about horizontal bone loss. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of horizontal alveolar bone loss and vertical bone defects in periodontal patients; and later, to correlate it with the treatment modalities available in the literature for horizontal and vertical bone defects.

Materials and methods: The study was conducted in two parts. Part I was the radiographic evaluation of 150 orthopantomographs (OPGs) (of patients diagnosed with chronic periodontitis and seeking periodontal care), which were digitized and read using the AutoCAD 2006 software. All the periodontitis-affected teeth were categorized as teeth with vertical defects (if the defect angle was ≤45° and defect depth was ≥3 mm) or as having horizontal bone loss. Part II of the study comprised search of the literature on treatment modalities for horizontal and vertical bone loss in four selected periodontal journals.

Results: Out of the 150 OPGs studied, 54 (36%) OPGs showed one or more vertical defects. Totally, 3,371 teeth were studied, out of which horizontal bone loss was found in 3,107 (92.2%) teeth, and vertical defects were found only in 264 (7.8%) of the teeth, which was statistically significant (P<.001). Search of the selected journals revealed 477 papers have addressed the treatment modalities for vertical and horizontal types of bone loss specifically. Out of the 477 papers, 461 (96.3%) have addressed vertical bone loss, and 18 (3.7%) have addressed treatment options for horizontal bone loss. Two papers have addressed both types of bone loss and are included in both categories.

Conclusion: Horizontal bone loss is more prevalent than vertical bone loss but has been sidelined by researchers as very few papers have been published on the subject of regenerative treatment modalities for this type of bone loss. This study should be an impetus for greater attention to an otherwise ubiquitous periodontal challenge.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus