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Evaluating the Impact of a Pragmatic Nutrition Awareness Program for Expectant Mothers upon Birth Weight of the Newborn.

Rastogi S, Rastogi R, Rastogi D, Rastogi R, Singh G, Chiappelli F - Evid Based Complement Alternat Med (2011)

Bottom Line: Studies that address the effect of extending nutrition awareness among pregnant women to the net outcome of pregnancy remain scarce.A reduced incidence of complications associated with pregnancy was also observed in the intervention group.We discuss our findings in the context of available evidence-based guidelines.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Kaya Chikitsa, State Ayurvedic College and Hospital, Tulsi Das Marg, Lucknow 226004, India.

ABSTRACT
Poor maternal nutritional status and substandard antenatal care, which result in increased women's risk, low birth weight and stillbirth, afflict many countries with weak or emerging economies even today. Studies that address the effect of extending nutrition awareness among pregnant women to the net outcome of pregnancy remain scarce. We aimed to compare and contrast the effect of a pragmatic nutrition awareness program for expectant mothers (NAPEM) on birth weight of the newborn with a control group who received no such nutrition awareness activity. The effect of variables of mode of newborn delivery, associated complications at birth, and APGAR score of the newborn were also assessed. A pragmatic intervention trial of an antenatal care (ANC) program that consisted in nutrition awareness was conducted involving 53 pregnant women. Awareness was given through one-to-one interview and through informational literature provided to the participants in the local language. A hospital registry for deliveries undertaken during the study period was screened for identification of variables. A control group of matched pregnant women (n = 53) was obtained from the same hospital registry from preceding years, when the nutrition awareness program was not executed. A statistically significant improvement in birth weight of the newborn was observed in the intervention group, where expectant mothers were made aware about desired nutrition during pregnancy. A reduced incidence of complications associated with pregnancy was also observed in the intervention group. Providing awareness about nutritional requirements during pregnancy and suggesting the pragmatic ways to meet them was shown to be one possible effective measure to deal with pregnancy-related undernutrition. We show the efficacy of the intervention for underprivileged regions of India marked by inadequate health care delivery and lower socio-economical standards. We discuss our findings in the context of available evidence-based guidelines.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Pre- and post-natal complications in control and intervention group.
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Related In: Results  -  Collection


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fig3: Pre- and post-natal complications in control and intervention group.

Mentions: The data also suggested a trend toward a reduced incidence of complications associated with pregnancy or delivery in the NAPEM intervention group (uneventful delivery: 73% in intervention group versus 45% in control group (Table 3, Figure 3), as well as differences in the APGAR score (Table 4). Neither sets of differences attained statistical significance due to the small sample size in this pilot trial.


Evaluating the Impact of a Pragmatic Nutrition Awareness Program for Expectant Mothers upon Birth Weight of the Newborn.

Rastogi S, Rastogi R, Rastogi D, Rastogi R, Singh G, Chiappelli F - Evid Based Complement Alternat Med (2011)

Pre- and post-natal complications in control and intervention group.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3094838&req=5

fig3: Pre- and post-natal complications in control and intervention group.
Mentions: The data also suggested a trend toward a reduced incidence of complications associated with pregnancy or delivery in the NAPEM intervention group (uneventful delivery: 73% in intervention group versus 45% in control group (Table 3, Figure 3), as well as differences in the APGAR score (Table 4). Neither sets of differences attained statistical significance due to the small sample size in this pilot trial.

Bottom Line: Studies that address the effect of extending nutrition awareness among pregnant women to the net outcome of pregnancy remain scarce.A reduced incidence of complications associated with pregnancy was also observed in the intervention group.We discuss our findings in the context of available evidence-based guidelines.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Kaya Chikitsa, State Ayurvedic College and Hospital, Tulsi Das Marg, Lucknow 226004, India.

ABSTRACT
Poor maternal nutritional status and substandard antenatal care, which result in increased women's risk, low birth weight and stillbirth, afflict many countries with weak or emerging economies even today. Studies that address the effect of extending nutrition awareness among pregnant women to the net outcome of pregnancy remain scarce. We aimed to compare and contrast the effect of a pragmatic nutrition awareness program for expectant mothers (NAPEM) on birth weight of the newborn with a control group who received no such nutrition awareness activity. The effect of variables of mode of newborn delivery, associated complications at birth, and APGAR score of the newborn were also assessed. A pragmatic intervention trial of an antenatal care (ANC) program that consisted in nutrition awareness was conducted involving 53 pregnant women. Awareness was given through one-to-one interview and through informational literature provided to the participants in the local language. A hospital registry for deliveries undertaken during the study period was screened for identification of variables. A control group of matched pregnant women (n = 53) was obtained from the same hospital registry from preceding years, when the nutrition awareness program was not executed. A statistically significant improvement in birth weight of the newborn was observed in the intervention group, where expectant mothers were made aware about desired nutrition during pregnancy. A reduced incidence of complications associated with pregnancy was also observed in the intervention group. Providing awareness about nutritional requirements during pregnancy and suggesting the pragmatic ways to meet them was shown to be one possible effective measure to deal with pregnancy-related undernutrition. We show the efficacy of the intervention for underprivileged regions of India marked by inadequate health care delivery and lower socio-economical standards. We discuss our findings in the context of available evidence-based guidelines.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus