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Animal-based remedies as complementary medicines in the semi-arid region of northeastern Brazil.

Alves RR, Barbosa JA, Santos SL, Souto WM, Barboza RR - Evid Based Complement Alternat Med (2011)

Bottom Line: We calculated the informant consensus factor to determine the consensus over which species are effective for particular ailments, as well as the species use value to determine the extent of utilization of each species.The local medicinal fauna is largely based on wild animals, including some endangered species.Given a high proportion of medicinal animals observed in the study area, it is logical to conclude that any conservation strategy should include access to modern health care.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Departamento de Biologia, Universidade Estadual da Paraíba, Avenida das Baraúnas, Campina Grande, Paraíba 58109-753, Brazil.

ABSTRACT
Animals (and their derived products) are essential ingredients in the preparation of many traditional remedies. Despite its prevalence in traditional medical practices worldwide, research on medicinal animals has often been neglected in comparison to medicinal plant research. This work documents the medicinal animals used by a rural community in the semi-arid region, inserted in Caatinga Biome, where 66 respondents provided information on animal species used as medicine, body parts used to prepare the remedies and illnesses to which the remedies were prescribed. We calculated the informant consensus factor to determine the consensus over which species are effective for particular ailments, as well as the species use value to determine the extent of utilization of each species. We recorded the use of 51 animal species as medicines, whose products were recommended for the treatment of 68 illnesses. The informant consensus in the use of many specific remedies is fairly high, giving an additional validity to this folk medicine. Eight species not previously reported as having medicinal use were recorded. The local medicinal fauna is largely based on wild animals, including some endangered species. Given a high proportion of medicinal animals observed in the study area, it is logical to conclude that any conservation strategy should include access to modern health care.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Number of animal species used as remedies per taxonomic category at the Municipality of Queimadas, Northeast Brazil.
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Related In: Results  -  Collection


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fig2: Number of animal species used as remedies per taxonomic category at the Municipality of Queimadas, Northeast Brazil.

Mentions: The study documented 51 medicinal animals (42 vertebrates and 9 invertebrates). The reported species were distributed among 42 zoological families. Birds and mammals (both with 17 species) and reptiles and arthropods (both with six species) were best represented in terms of the number of species (Figure 2). Examples of animals used as medicine are shown in Figure 3.


Animal-based remedies as complementary medicines in the semi-arid region of northeastern Brazil.

Alves RR, Barbosa JA, Santos SL, Souto WM, Barboza RR - Evid Based Complement Alternat Med (2011)

Number of animal species used as remedies per taxonomic category at the Municipality of Queimadas, Northeast Brazil.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3094714&req=5

fig2: Number of animal species used as remedies per taxonomic category at the Municipality of Queimadas, Northeast Brazil.
Mentions: The study documented 51 medicinal animals (42 vertebrates and 9 invertebrates). The reported species were distributed among 42 zoological families. Birds and mammals (both with 17 species) and reptiles and arthropods (both with six species) were best represented in terms of the number of species (Figure 2). Examples of animals used as medicine are shown in Figure 3.

Bottom Line: We calculated the informant consensus factor to determine the consensus over which species are effective for particular ailments, as well as the species use value to determine the extent of utilization of each species.The local medicinal fauna is largely based on wild animals, including some endangered species.Given a high proportion of medicinal animals observed in the study area, it is logical to conclude that any conservation strategy should include access to modern health care.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Departamento de Biologia, Universidade Estadual da Paraíba, Avenida das Baraúnas, Campina Grande, Paraíba 58109-753, Brazil.

ABSTRACT
Animals (and their derived products) are essential ingredients in the preparation of many traditional remedies. Despite its prevalence in traditional medical practices worldwide, research on medicinal animals has often been neglected in comparison to medicinal plant research. This work documents the medicinal animals used by a rural community in the semi-arid region, inserted in Caatinga Biome, where 66 respondents provided information on animal species used as medicine, body parts used to prepare the remedies and illnesses to which the remedies were prescribed. We calculated the informant consensus factor to determine the consensus over which species are effective for particular ailments, as well as the species use value to determine the extent of utilization of each species. We recorded the use of 51 animal species as medicines, whose products were recommended for the treatment of 68 illnesses. The informant consensus in the use of many specific remedies is fairly high, giving an additional validity to this folk medicine. Eight species not previously reported as having medicinal use were recorded. The local medicinal fauna is largely based on wild animals, including some endangered species. Given a high proportion of medicinal animals observed in the study area, it is logical to conclude that any conservation strategy should include access to modern health care.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus