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Anxiety disorders in headache patients in a specialised clinic: prevalence and symptoms in comparison to patients in a general neurological clinic.

Mehlsteibl D, Schankin C, Hering P, Sostak P, Straube A - J Headache Pain (2011)

Bottom Line: Significant results were obtained in comparison to the general population (p < 0.001) and with regard to GAD in comparison with a sample of neurological patients (p < 0.005).The BSQ significantly correlated with the number of medication days (p < 0.005).PD seems to increase the risk of medication overuse.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Neurology, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Campus Großhadern, Marchioninistraße 15, 81377, München, Germanydorothea.mehlsteibl@med.uni-muenchen.de

ABSTRACT
Data from several studies indicate an association of headache with anxiety disorders. In this study, we assessed and differentiated anxiety disorders in 100 headache patients by using the PSWQ (Penn State Worry Questionnaire) screening tool for generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) and the ACQ (Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire) and BSQ (Body Sensation Questionnaire) for panic disorder (PD). Control groups were constructed: (1) on the basis of epidemiological studies on PD and GAD in the general population and (2) by including neurological patients. 37.0% of headache patients had a GAD. 27% of headache patients met the score for PD in the BSQ, 4.0% in the ACQ. Significant results were obtained in comparison to the general population (p < 0.001) and with regard to GAD in comparison with a sample of neurological patients (p < 0.005). The BSQ significantly correlated with the number of medication days (p < 0.005). The results confirm the increased prevalence of GAD in headache patients. PD seems to increase the risk of medication overuse.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

The prevalence of GAD and PD differs significantly (p < 0.01) in patients with headache compared to the general population
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Fig2: The prevalence of GAD and PD differs significantly (p < 0.01) in patients with headache compared to the general population

Mentions: The group of headache patients (n = 100) differed significantly from the estimated general population (n = 100) in regard to the manifestations of the anxiety disorders: this means (χ2 = 26.22; df = 1; p = 0.000) for GAD and (χ2 = 9.58; df = 1; p = 0.002) for PD (see Fig. 2).Fig. 2


Anxiety disorders in headache patients in a specialised clinic: prevalence and symptoms in comparison to patients in a general neurological clinic.

Mehlsteibl D, Schankin C, Hering P, Sostak P, Straube A - J Headache Pain (2011)

The prevalence of GAD and PD differs significantly (p < 0.01) in patients with headache compared to the general population
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3094676&req=5

Fig2: The prevalence of GAD and PD differs significantly (p < 0.01) in patients with headache compared to the general population
Mentions: The group of headache patients (n = 100) differed significantly from the estimated general population (n = 100) in regard to the manifestations of the anxiety disorders: this means (χ2 = 26.22; df = 1; p = 0.000) for GAD and (χ2 = 9.58; df = 1; p = 0.002) for PD (see Fig. 2).Fig. 2

Bottom Line: Significant results were obtained in comparison to the general population (p < 0.001) and with regard to GAD in comparison with a sample of neurological patients (p < 0.005).The BSQ significantly correlated with the number of medication days (p < 0.005).PD seems to increase the risk of medication overuse.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Neurology, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Campus Großhadern, Marchioninistraße 15, 81377, München, Germanydorothea.mehlsteibl@med.uni-muenchen.de

ABSTRACT
Data from several studies indicate an association of headache with anxiety disorders. In this study, we assessed and differentiated anxiety disorders in 100 headache patients by using the PSWQ (Penn State Worry Questionnaire) screening tool for generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) and the ACQ (Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire) and BSQ (Body Sensation Questionnaire) for panic disorder (PD). Control groups were constructed: (1) on the basis of epidemiological studies on PD and GAD in the general population and (2) by including neurological patients. 37.0% of headache patients had a GAD. 27% of headache patients met the score for PD in the BSQ, 4.0% in the ACQ. Significant results were obtained in comparison to the general population (p < 0.001) and with regard to GAD in comparison with a sample of neurological patients (p < 0.005). The BSQ significantly correlated with the number of medication days (p < 0.005). The results confirm the increased prevalence of GAD in headache patients. PD seems to increase the risk of medication overuse.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus