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Serum levels of MMP-11 correlate with clinical outcome in Chinese patients with advanced gastric adenocarcinoma.

Yan D, Dai H, Liu JW - BMC Cancer (2011)

Bottom Line: Patients with low serum levels of MMP-11 had a higher median survival time and 1-year survival rate than those with high levels (11 months vs. 8 months, 50.2% vs. 21.7%, P = 0.017), although the TTP was comparable in all patients, irrespective of serum MMP-11 level (P = 0.178).Serum MMP-11 levels were correlated with lymph node metastasis (P = 0.006).Cox multivariate regression analysis demonstrated that the serum level of MMP-11 was an independent prognostic factor for patients presenting with advanced gastric carcinoma.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Oncology, Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital, Capital Medical University, China. yd15yt88@163.com

ABSTRACT

Background: The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between serum levels of matrix metalloproteinase 11 (MMP-11) and responses to front-line chemotherapy and prognosis in advanced unresectable gastric adenocarcinoma.

Methods: Clinical data concerning 86 patients with advanced gastric adenocarcinoma (stages III c to IV), treated in Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital from 2005 to 2009, were reviewed retrospectively. Adenocarcinoma was confirmed by pathology and patients received 5-fluorouracil-based front-line combination chemotherapy with third generation chemotherapeutic agents including paclitaxel, docetaxel and oxaliplatin. The regimen was repeated every two to three weeks, and the first evaluation was carried out after three cycles. The median cycle of chemotherapy was 6 (ranging from three to twelve cycles). Serum MMP-11 protein from the 86 patients was examined using enzyme-linked-immunosorbent-assay (ELISA) prior to chemotherapy and after three cycles of chemotherapy. Serum samples from healthy individuals were used as controls.

Results: The response rate (RR, complete response plus partial response) to chemotherapy in the 86 patients was 44.2% (38/86). The median TTP (time to progression) and overall survival (OS) in patients who responded to chemotherapy were 6.0 and 10.0 months, respectively. The response rate to chemotherapy in patients with high levels of serum MMP-11 (42.9%; 9/21) was similar to that in patients with low levels (44.6%; 29/65) (P = 0.935). Patients with low serum levels of MMP-11 had a higher median survival time and 1-year survival rate than those with high levels (11 months vs. 8 months, 50.2% vs. 21.7%, P = 0.017), although the TTP was comparable in all patients, irrespective of serum MMP-11 level (P = 0.178). Serum MMP-11 levels were correlated with lymph node metastasis (P = 0.006). Cox multivariate regression analysis demonstrated that the serum level of MMP-11 was an independent prognostic factor for patients presenting with advanced gastric carcinoma.

Conclusions: Serum levels of MMP-11 in Chinese patients with advanced gastric carcinoma were not associated with the response to front-line chemotherapy, but could play an important role in lymph node metastasis and prognosis.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Serum MMP-11 ROC curve. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of serum MMP-11 concentration: AUC = 0.989, P < 0.001.
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Figure 1: Serum MMP-11 ROC curve. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of serum MMP-11 concentration: AUC = 0.989, P < 0.001.

Mentions: The serum levels of MMP-11 protein were significantly higher in patients with advanced gastric adenocarcinoma (n = 86; median = 41.74 ng/ml; range from 10.43 to 97.37 ng/ml) than in controls (n = 20; median = 6.74 ng/ml; range from 5.71 to 8.56 ng/ml; p < 0.001). Using ROC analysis, a cut-off level of MMP-11 protein at 14.38 ng/ml was associated with optimal sensitivity and specificity of 94.1% and 93.7%, respectively, for diagnosis. ROC curve analysis is presented in Figure 1.


Serum levels of MMP-11 correlate with clinical outcome in Chinese patients with advanced gastric adenocarcinoma.

Yan D, Dai H, Liu JW - BMC Cancer (2011)

Serum MMP-11 ROC curve. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of serum MMP-11 concentration: AUC = 0.989, P < 0.001.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3094327&req=5

Figure 1: Serum MMP-11 ROC curve. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of serum MMP-11 concentration: AUC = 0.989, P < 0.001.
Mentions: The serum levels of MMP-11 protein were significantly higher in patients with advanced gastric adenocarcinoma (n = 86; median = 41.74 ng/ml; range from 10.43 to 97.37 ng/ml) than in controls (n = 20; median = 6.74 ng/ml; range from 5.71 to 8.56 ng/ml; p < 0.001). Using ROC analysis, a cut-off level of MMP-11 protein at 14.38 ng/ml was associated with optimal sensitivity and specificity of 94.1% and 93.7%, respectively, for diagnosis. ROC curve analysis is presented in Figure 1.

Bottom Line: Patients with low serum levels of MMP-11 had a higher median survival time and 1-year survival rate than those with high levels (11 months vs. 8 months, 50.2% vs. 21.7%, P = 0.017), although the TTP was comparable in all patients, irrespective of serum MMP-11 level (P = 0.178).Serum MMP-11 levels were correlated with lymph node metastasis (P = 0.006).Cox multivariate regression analysis demonstrated that the serum level of MMP-11 was an independent prognostic factor for patients presenting with advanced gastric carcinoma.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Oncology, Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital, Capital Medical University, China. yd15yt88@163.com

ABSTRACT

Background: The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between serum levels of matrix metalloproteinase 11 (MMP-11) and responses to front-line chemotherapy and prognosis in advanced unresectable gastric adenocarcinoma.

Methods: Clinical data concerning 86 patients with advanced gastric adenocarcinoma (stages III c to IV), treated in Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital from 2005 to 2009, were reviewed retrospectively. Adenocarcinoma was confirmed by pathology and patients received 5-fluorouracil-based front-line combination chemotherapy with third generation chemotherapeutic agents including paclitaxel, docetaxel and oxaliplatin. The regimen was repeated every two to three weeks, and the first evaluation was carried out after three cycles. The median cycle of chemotherapy was 6 (ranging from three to twelve cycles). Serum MMP-11 protein from the 86 patients was examined using enzyme-linked-immunosorbent-assay (ELISA) prior to chemotherapy and after three cycles of chemotherapy. Serum samples from healthy individuals were used as controls.

Results: The response rate (RR, complete response plus partial response) to chemotherapy in the 86 patients was 44.2% (38/86). The median TTP (time to progression) and overall survival (OS) in patients who responded to chemotherapy were 6.0 and 10.0 months, respectively. The response rate to chemotherapy in patients with high levels of serum MMP-11 (42.9%; 9/21) was similar to that in patients with low levels (44.6%; 29/65) (P = 0.935). Patients with low serum levels of MMP-11 had a higher median survival time and 1-year survival rate than those with high levels (11 months vs. 8 months, 50.2% vs. 21.7%, P = 0.017), although the TTP was comparable in all patients, irrespective of serum MMP-11 level (P = 0.178). Serum MMP-11 levels were correlated with lymph node metastasis (P = 0.006). Cox multivariate regression analysis demonstrated that the serum level of MMP-11 was an independent prognostic factor for patients presenting with advanced gastric carcinoma.

Conclusions: Serum levels of MMP-11 in Chinese patients with advanced gastric carcinoma were not associated with the response to front-line chemotherapy, but could play an important role in lymph node metastasis and prognosis.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus