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Effects of global financial crisis on funding for health development in nineteen countries of the WHO African Region.

Kirigia JM, Nganda BM, Mwikisa CN, Cardoso B - BMC Int Health Hum Rights (2011)

Bottom Line: The objectives of this article are to present the findings of a quick survey conducted among countries of the WHO African Region to monitor the effects of global financial crisis on funding for health development; and to discuss the way forward.The main limitations of this study were that authors did not ask whether other relevant sectors were consulted in the process of completing the survey questionnaire; and that the overall response rate was low.However, it is even more important for national governments to monitor the effects of the economic crisis and the policy responses on the social determinants of health, health inputs, health system outputs and health system outcomes, e.g. health.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: World Health Organization, Regional Office for Africa, B,P, 06, Brazzaville, Congo. kirigiaj@afro.who.int.

ABSTRACT

Background: There is ample evidence in Asia and Latin America showing that past economic crises resulted in cuts in expenditures on health, lower utilization of health services, and deterioration of child and maternal nutrition and health outcomes. Evidence on the impact of past economic crises on health sector in Africa is lacking. The objectives of this article are to present the findings of a quick survey conducted among countries of the WHO African Region to monitor the effects of global financial crisis on funding for health development; and to discuss the way forward.

Methods: This is a descriptive study. A questionnaire was prepared and sent by email to all the 46 Member States in the WHO African Region through the WHO Country Office for facilitation and follow up. The questionnaires were completed by directors of policy and planning in ministries of health. The data were entered and analyzed in Excel spreadsheet. The main limitations of this study were that authors did not ask whether other relevant sectors were consulted in the process of completing the survey questionnaire; and that the overall response rate was low.

Results: The main findings were as follows: the response rate was 41.3% (19/46 countries); 36.8% (7/19) indicated they had been notified by the Ministry of Finance that the budget for health would be cut; 15.8% (3/19) had been notified by partners of their intention to cut health funding; 61.1% (11/18) indicated that the prices of medicines had increased recently; 83.3% (15/18) indicated that the prices of basic food stuffs had increased recently; 38.8% (7/18) indicated that their local currency had been devalued against the US dollar; 47.1% (8/17) affirmed that the levels of unemployment had increased since the onset of global financial crisis; and 64.7% (11/17) indicated that the ministry of health had taken some measures already, either in reaction to the global financing crisis, or in anticipation.

Conclusion: A rapid assessment, like the one reported in this article, of the effects of the global financial crisis on a few variables, is important to alert the Ministry of Health on the looming danger of cuts in health funding from domestic and external sources. However, it is even more important for national governments to monitor the effects of the economic crisis and the policy responses on the social determinants of health, health inputs, health system outputs and health system outcomes, e.g. health.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Measures that ministries of health have undertaken to mitigate negative effects of the global financial crisis on funding for health.
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Figure 1: Measures that ministries of health have undertaken to mitigate negative effects of the global financial crisis on funding for health.

Mentions: Countries that responded to the preceding question were asked to indicate what measures the Ministry of Health had already taken to mitigate any negative effects of possible reduction in funding for health. Twelve countries (63.2%) responded to this question. Figure 1 shows the broad strategies that the ministries of health have undertaken. The four strategies most frequently cited by countries were improving efficiency in allocation and use of resources (66.7%); reinforcement of domestic resource mobilization (23.1%); improvement in planning, budgeting, monitoring and evaluation (33.3%); and reinforcement of external partnership for resource mobilization (16.7%). Table 3 presents the broad strategies and specific policy measures that the ministries of health have already undertaken to mitigate any negative effects of possible reduction in funding for health.


Effects of global financial crisis on funding for health development in nineteen countries of the WHO African Region.

Kirigia JM, Nganda BM, Mwikisa CN, Cardoso B - BMC Int Health Hum Rights (2011)

Measures that ministries of health have undertaken to mitigate negative effects of the global financial crisis on funding for health.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3094291&req=5

Figure 1: Measures that ministries of health have undertaken to mitigate negative effects of the global financial crisis on funding for health.
Mentions: Countries that responded to the preceding question were asked to indicate what measures the Ministry of Health had already taken to mitigate any negative effects of possible reduction in funding for health. Twelve countries (63.2%) responded to this question. Figure 1 shows the broad strategies that the ministries of health have undertaken. The four strategies most frequently cited by countries were improving efficiency in allocation and use of resources (66.7%); reinforcement of domestic resource mobilization (23.1%); improvement in planning, budgeting, monitoring and evaluation (33.3%); and reinforcement of external partnership for resource mobilization (16.7%). Table 3 presents the broad strategies and specific policy measures that the ministries of health have already undertaken to mitigate any negative effects of possible reduction in funding for health.

Bottom Line: The objectives of this article are to present the findings of a quick survey conducted among countries of the WHO African Region to monitor the effects of global financial crisis on funding for health development; and to discuss the way forward.The main limitations of this study were that authors did not ask whether other relevant sectors were consulted in the process of completing the survey questionnaire; and that the overall response rate was low.However, it is even more important for national governments to monitor the effects of the economic crisis and the policy responses on the social determinants of health, health inputs, health system outputs and health system outcomes, e.g. health.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: World Health Organization, Regional Office for Africa, B,P, 06, Brazzaville, Congo. kirigiaj@afro.who.int.

ABSTRACT

Background: There is ample evidence in Asia and Latin America showing that past economic crises resulted in cuts in expenditures on health, lower utilization of health services, and deterioration of child and maternal nutrition and health outcomes. Evidence on the impact of past economic crises on health sector in Africa is lacking. The objectives of this article are to present the findings of a quick survey conducted among countries of the WHO African Region to monitor the effects of global financial crisis on funding for health development; and to discuss the way forward.

Methods: This is a descriptive study. A questionnaire was prepared and sent by email to all the 46 Member States in the WHO African Region through the WHO Country Office for facilitation and follow up. The questionnaires were completed by directors of policy and planning in ministries of health. The data were entered and analyzed in Excel spreadsheet. The main limitations of this study were that authors did not ask whether other relevant sectors were consulted in the process of completing the survey questionnaire; and that the overall response rate was low.

Results: The main findings were as follows: the response rate was 41.3% (19/46 countries); 36.8% (7/19) indicated they had been notified by the Ministry of Finance that the budget for health would be cut; 15.8% (3/19) had been notified by partners of their intention to cut health funding; 61.1% (11/18) indicated that the prices of medicines had increased recently; 83.3% (15/18) indicated that the prices of basic food stuffs had increased recently; 38.8% (7/18) indicated that their local currency had been devalued against the US dollar; 47.1% (8/17) affirmed that the levels of unemployment had increased since the onset of global financial crisis; and 64.7% (11/17) indicated that the ministry of health had taken some measures already, either in reaction to the global financing crisis, or in anticipation.

Conclusion: A rapid assessment, like the one reported in this article, of the effects of the global financial crisis on a few variables, is important to alert the Ministry of Health on the looming danger of cuts in health funding from domestic and external sources. However, it is even more important for national governments to monitor the effects of the economic crisis and the policy responses on the social determinants of health, health inputs, health system outputs and health system outcomes, e.g. health.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus