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Skin and systemic manifestations of jellyfish stings in iraqi fishermen.

Al-Rubiay K, Al-Musaoi H, Alrubaiy L, Al-Freje M - Libyan J Med (2009)

Bottom Line: The common sites of sings were the hands and arms followed by the legs.The local remedies commonly used by the fishermen were seawater, tap water and ice.Self-treatment by topical remedies is common.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: College of Medicine, Basra University and Department of Dermatology, Basra General Hospital.

ABSTRACT

Background: Jellyfish stings are common worldwide with an estimated 150 million cases annually, and their stings cause a wide range of clinical manifestations from skin inflammation to cardiovascular and respiratory collapse. No studies on jellyfish stings have been carried out in Basra, Iraq.

Objectives: To describe the immediate and delayed skin reactions to White Jellyfish (Rhizostoma sp.) stings and the types of local treatment used by fishermen.

Methods and materials: 150 fishermen were enrolled at three Marine stations in Basra, Iraq. Demographic data, types of skin reactions, systemic manifestations and kinds of treatments were collected.

Results: Overall, 79% of fishermen in all three Marine stations gave a history of having been stung. The common sites of sings were the hands and arms followed by the legs. Most fishermen claimed that stings led to skin reactions within 5 minutes. The presenting complaints were itching, burning sensation, and erythematic wheals. A few days after the sting, new groups of painless and itchy erythematous monomorphic papular rashes developed at the site of the sting in 62% of cases as a delayed type of skin reaction that resolved spontaneously. The local remedies commonly used by the fishermen were seawater, tap water and ice. A few fishermen considered stings as insignificant and did not think there was a need to seek medical help.

Conclusions: We conclude that jellyfish causes many stings among fishermen in the Basra region. Their stings lead to immediate and delayed skin reactions. Self-treatment by topical remedies is common.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Rhizostoma species
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Figure 0001: Rhizostoma species

Mentions: The type of jellyfish common in Basra is white Jellyfish (Rhizostoma sp) (Figure 1). It has a white translucent umbrella and eight oral arms. Its common local names are Thaklol, Zaklol, and White jellyfish [14]. Because no study has been carried out in the Basra region, we investigated the clinical presentations and managements of jellyfish stings in this area.


Skin and systemic manifestations of jellyfish stings in iraqi fishermen.

Al-Rubiay K, Al-Musaoi H, Alrubaiy L, Al-Freje M - Libyan J Med (2009)

Rhizostoma species
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3066723&req=5

Figure 0001: Rhizostoma species
Mentions: The type of jellyfish common in Basra is white Jellyfish (Rhizostoma sp) (Figure 1). It has a white translucent umbrella and eight oral arms. Its common local names are Thaklol, Zaklol, and White jellyfish [14]. Because no study has been carried out in the Basra region, we investigated the clinical presentations and managements of jellyfish stings in this area.

Bottom Line: The common sites of sings were the hands and arms followed by the legs.The local remedies commonly used by the fishermen were seawater, tap water and ice.Self-treatment by topical remedies is common.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: College of Medicine, Basra University and Department of Dermatology, Basra General Hospital.

ABSTRACT

Background: Jellyfish stings are common worldwide with an estimated 150 million cases annually, and their stings cause a wide range of clinical manifestations from skin inflammation to cardiovascular and respiratory collapse. No studies on jellyfish stings have been carried out in Basra, Iraq.

Objectives: To describe the immediate and delayed skin reactions to White Jellyfish (Rhizostoma sp.) stings and the types of local treatment used by fishermen.

Methods and materials: 150 fishermen were enrolled at three Marine stations in Basra, Iraq. Demographic data, types of skin reactions, systemic manifestations and kinds of treatments were collected.

Results: Overall, 79% of fishermen in all three Marine stations gave a history of having been stung. The common sites of sings were the hands and arms followed by the legs. Most fishermen claimed that stings led to skin reactions within 5 minutes. The presenting complaints were itching, burning sensation, and erythematic wheals. A few days after the sting, new groups of painless and itchy erythematous monomorphic papular rashes developed at the site of the sting in 62% of cases as a delayed type of skin reaction that resolved spontaneously. The local remedies commonly used by the fishermen were seawater, tap water and ice. A few fishermen considered stings as insignificant and did not think there was a need to seek medical help.

Conclusions: We conclude that jellyfish causes many stings among fishermen in the Basra region. Their stings lead to immediate and delayed skin reactions. Self-treatment by topical remedies is common.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus