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Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) A Possible Aid for Pain Relief in Developing Countries?

Tashani O, Johnson M - Libyan J Med (2009)

Bottom Line: Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) refers to the delivery of electrical currents through the skin to activate peripheral nerves.The technique is widely used in developed countries to relieve a wide range of acute and chronic pain conditions, including pain resulting from cancer and its treatment.In this overview the basic science behind TENS will be discussed, the evidence of its effectiveness in specific clinical conditions analysed and a case for its use in pain management in developing countries will be made.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Centre for Pain Research, Faculty of Health, Leeds Metropolitan University, UK, Leeds Pallium Research Group.

ABSTRACT
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) refers to the delivery of electrical currents through the skin to activate peripheral nerves. The technique is widely used in developed countries to relieve a wide range of acute and chronic pain conditions, including pain resulting from cancer and its treatment. There are many systematic reviews on TENS although evidence is often inconclusive because of shortcomings in randomised control trials methodology. In this overview the basic science behind TENS will be discussed, the evidence of its effectiveness in specific clinical conditions analysed and a case for its use in pain management in developing countries will be made.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

A standard TENS device.
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Figure 0001: A standard TENS device.

Mentions: Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is widely used in western and developed countries to relieve a wide range of painful conditions, including non-malignant acute and chronic pain and pain resulting from cancer and its treatment [1–3]. TENS is inexpensive, non-invasive and safe with no major side effects. TENS can be self administered by patients following simple training and because there is no potential for toxicity, patients can titrate the dosage on an as-needed basis. During TENS pulsed electrical currents are generated by a small battery operated TENS device that can be kept in the pocket or attached to the user's belt. Currents from the TENS device are delivered through the skin by two self-adhering electrode pads (Figure 1).


Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) A Possible Aid for Pain Relief in Developing Countries?

Tashani O, Johnson M - Libyan J Med (2009)

A standard TENS device.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3066716&req=5

Figure 0001: A standard TENS device.
Mentions: Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is widely used in western and developed countries to relieve a wide range of painful conditions, including non-malignant acute and chronic pain and pain resulting from cancer and its treatment [1–3]. TENS is inexpensive, non-invasive and safe with no major side effects. TENS can be self administered by patients following simple training and because there is no potential for toxicity, patients can titrate the dosage on an as-needed basis. During TENS pulsed electrical currents are generated by a small battery operated TENS device that can be kept in the pocket or attached to the user's belt. Currents from the TENS device are delivered through the skin by two self-adhering electrode pads (Figure 1).

Bottom Line: Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) refers to the delivery of electrical currents through the skin to activate peripheral nerves.The technique is widely used in developed countries to relieve a wide range of acute and chronic pain conditions, including pain resulting from cancer and its treatment.In this overview the basic science behind TENS will be discussed, the evidence of its effectiveness in specific clinical conditions analysed and a case for its use in pain management in developing countries will be made.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Centre for Pain Research, Faculty of Health, Leeds Metropolitan University, UK, Leeds Pallium Research Group.

ABSTRACT
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) refers to the delivery of electrical currents through the skin to activate peripheral nerves. The technique is widely used in developed countries to relieve a wide range of acute and chronic pain conditions, including pain resulting from cancer and its treatment. There are many systematic reviews on TENS although evidence is often inconclusive because of shortcomings in randomised control trials methodology. In this overview the basic science behind TENS will be discussed, the evidence of its effectiveness in specific clinical conditions analysed and a case for its use in pain management in developing countries will be made.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus