Massive genomic rearrangement acquired in a single catastrophic event during cancer development.
Bottom Line: Rearrangements involving one or a few chromosomes crisscross back and forth across involved regions, generating frequent oscillations between two copy number states.The stamp of chromothripsis can be seen in at least 2%-3% of all cancers, across many subtypes, and is present in ∼25% of bone cancers.We find that one, or indeed more than one, cancer-causing lesion can emerge out of the genomic crisis.
Affiliation: Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Hinxton, Cambridge, UK.Show MeSH
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Mentions: One small cell lung cancer cell line, SCLC-21H, demonstrates massive numbers of copy number changes on chromosome 8, mostly with the typical appearances of chromothripsis (Figure S2A). Interestingly, however, the SNP array data suggest that some segments of the chromosome might be heavily amplified. We mapped 170 breakpoints, all involving chromosome 8 and showing the expected patterns of rearrangements described above (Figure 6A and Table S2). Whereas most of the chromosome oscillates among low copy number states, there are 15 discrete segments of the chromosome present at markedly increased copy number, ranging from 50 to 200 copies per cell (Figure 6B). One of these segments contains the MYC oncogene, amplified in 10%–20% of small cell lung cancers (Sher et al., 2008). The rearrangement data demonstrate that the 15 regions are interwoven by a series of rearrangements, many of which demarcate the starts and ends of the massively amplified segments. Strikingly, we found no evidence for breakpoints linking these massively amplified regions to the other, nonamplified but rearranged, regions of chromosome 8.
Affiliation: Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Hinxton, Cambridge, UK.