Massive genomic rearrangement acquired in a single catastrophic event during cancer development.
Bottom Line: Rearrangements involving one or a few chromosomes crisscross back and forth across involved regions, generating frequent oscillations between two copy number states.These genomic hallmarks are highly improbable if rearrangements accumulate over time and instead imply that nearly all occur during a single cellular catastrophe.We find that one, or indeed more than one, cancer-causing lesion can emerge out of the genomic crisis.
Affiliation: Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Hinxton, Cambridge, UK.Show MeSH
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Mentions: We selected four of these cell lines for further genomic analysis with massively parallel paired-end sequencing for rearrangements and cytogenetic studies: SNU-C1, 8505C, TK10, and SCLC-21H (described later). In SNU-C1, derived from a colorectal cancer, we identified 239 rearrangements involving chromosome 15 (Figure 2A and Table S2). From 8505C, a thyroid cancer line, we mapped 77 rearrangements involving the short arm of chromosome 9 (Figure 2B and Table S2), and for TK10, a renal cancer, 55 rearrangements involving chromosome 5 (Figure 2C and Table S2).
Affiliation: Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Hinxton, Cambridge, UK.