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Depressive and aggressive responses to frustration: development of a questionnaire and its validation in a sample of male alcoholics.

Baars MY, Müller MJ, Gallhofer B, Netter P - Depress Res Treat (2011)

Bottom Line: Since clinical and biochemical observations point to much overlap between depression and aggression, both characterised by intolerance to frustration, a questionnaire was developed to test if different patterns of depressive and aggressive reactions elicited by exposure to negative events and deprivation from expected positive ones in human and nonhuman conditions, respectively, would result in specific response patterns in depressive and aggressive persons.The questionnaire was tested for internal consistency in a pilot healthy sample and for correlations of responses with the personality factors of Aggression and Depression in 60 abstinent male alcoholics.Aggressive and depressive responses were highly correlated across all stimulus conditions, and not specifically but rather equally associated with the personality factors of Aggression and Depression, confirming the close association between these dimensions.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, University of Giessen, Otto-Behaghel-Strasse 10, 35394 Giessen, Germany.

ABSTRACT
Since clinical and biochemical observations point to much overlap between depression and aggression, both characterised by intolerance to frustration, a questionnaire was developed to test if different patterns of depressive and aggressive reactions elicited by exposure to negative events and deprivation from expected positive ones in human and nonhuman conditions, respectively, would result in specific response patterns in depressive and aggressive persons. The questionnaire was tested for internal consistency in a pilot healthy sample and for correlations of responses with the personality factors of Aggression and Depression in 60 abstinent male alcoholics. Aggressive and depressive responses were highly correlated across all stimulus conditions, and not specifically but rather equally associated with the personality factors of Aggression and Depression, confirming the close association between these dimensions.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

correlations of factors Depression and Aggression with QDF scales for nonhuman conditions; withdrawal of positive reinforcers: posNH, (a); encounter with negative reinforcers: negNH, (b) (*P < .05; **P < .01; +P < .05; ++P < .01 after Bonferroni correction).
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fig3: correlations of factors Depression and Aggression with QDF scales for nonhuman conditions; withdrawal of positive reinforcers: posNH, (a); encounter with negative reinforcers: negNH, (b) (*P < .05; **P < .01; +P < .05; ++P < .01 after Bonferroni correction).

Mentions: For answering questions 1, 2, and 3, Figures 3 and 4 depict the correlations of the QDF scales with the personality factors Depression and Aggression mentioned above for nonhuman sources of frustration (Figure 3) and for human sources of frustration (Figure 4), each depicted for all 6 response scales to withdrawal from positive reinforcers (pos, (a)) and application of negative reinforcers (neg, (b)).


Depressive and aggressive responses to frustration: development of a questionnaire and its validation in a sample of male alcoholics.

Baars MY, Müller MJ, Gallhofer B, Netter P - Depress Res Treat (2011)

correlations of factors Depression and Aggression with QDF scales for nonhuman conditions; withdrawal of positive reinforcers: posNH, (a); encounter with negative reinforcers: negNH, (b) (*P < .05; **P < .01; +P < .05; ++P < .01 after Bonferroni correction).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3065082&req=5

fig3: correlations of factors Depression and Aggression with QDF scales for nonhuman conditions; withdrawal of positive reinforcers: posNH, (a); encounter with negative reinforcers: negNH, (b) (*P < .05; **P < .01; +P < .05; ++P < .01 after Bonferroni correction).
Mentions: For answering questions 1, 2, and 3, Figures 3 and 4 depict the correlations of the QDF scales with the personality factors Depression and Aggression mentioned above for nonhuman sources of frustration (Figure 3) and for human sources of frustration (Figure 4), each depicted for all 6 response scales to withdrawal from positive reinforcers (pos, (a)) and application of negative reinforcers (neg, (b)).

Bottom Line: Since clinical and biochemical observations point to much overlap between depression and aggression, both characterised by intolerance to frustration, a questionnaire was developed to test if different patterns of depressive and aggressive reactions elicited by exposure to negative events and deprivation from expected positive ones in human and nonhuman conditions, respectively, would result in specific response patterns in depressive and aggressive persons.The questionnaire was tested for internal consistency in a pilot healthy sample and for correlations of responses with the personality factors of Aggression and Depression in 60 abstinent male alcoholics.Aggressive and depressive responses were highly correlated across all stimulus conditions, and not specifically but rather equally associated with the personality factors of Aggression and Depression, confirming the close association between these dimensions.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, University of Giessen, Otto-Behaghel-Strasse 10, 35394 Giessen, Germany.

ABSTRACT
Since clinical and biochemical observations point to much overlap between depression and aggression, both characterised by intolerance to frustration, a questionnaire was developed to test if different patterns of depressive and aggressive reactions elicited by exposure to negative events and deprivation from expected positive ones in human and nonhuman conditions, respectively, would result in specific response patterns in depressive and aggressive persons. The questionnaire was tested for internal consistency in a pilot healthy sample and for correlations of responses with the personality factors of Aggression and Depression in 60 abstinent male alcoholics. Aggressive and depressive responses were highly correlated across all stimulus conditions, and not specifically but rather equally associated with the personality factors of Aggression and Depression, confirming the close association between these dimensions.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus