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Depressive and aggressive responses to frustration: development of a questionnaire and its validation in a sample of male alcoholics.

Baars MY, Müller MJ, Gallhofer B, Netter P - Depress Res Treat (2011)

Bottom Line: Since clinical and biochemical observations point to much overlap between depression and aggression, both characterised by intolerance to frustration, a questionnaire was developed to test if different patterns of depressive and aggressive reactions elicited by exposure to negative events and deprivation from expected positive ones in human and nonhuman conditions, respectively, would result in specific response patterns in depressive and aggressive persons.The questionnaire was tested for internal consistency in a pilot healthy sample and for correlations of responses with the personality factors of Aggression and Depression in 60 abstinent male alcoholics.Aggressive and depressive responses were highly correlated across all stimulus conditions, and not specifically but rather equally associated with the personality factors of Aggression and Depression, confirming the close association between these dimensions.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, University of Giessen, Otto-Behaghel-Strasse 10, 35394 Giessen, Germany.

ABSTRACT
Since clinical and biochemical observations point to much overlap between depression and aggression, both characterised by intolerance to frustration, a questionnaire was developed to test if different patterns of depressive and aggressive reactions elicited by exposure to negative events and deprivation from expected positive ones in human and nonhuman conditions, respectively, would result in specific response patterns in depressive and aggressive persons. The questionnaire was tested for internal consistency in a pilot healthy sample and for correlations of responses with the personality factors of Aggression and Depression in 60 abstinent male alcoholics. Aggressive and depressive responses were highly correlated across all stimulus conditions, and not specifically but rather equally associated with the personality factors of Aggression and Depression, confirming the close association between these dimensions.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

mean reactions + SEM to withdrawal of positive reinforcers (pos) and encounter with negative reinforcers (neg) in nonhuman (NH, (a)) and human (H, (b)) conditions of frustration  (1–6 see responses to QDF scales in Section 2.1., 1 + 5 = depressive, 3 + 6 = aggressive, and 2 + 4 = indifferent responses; *P < .05; **P < .01 before Bonferroni adjustment; +P < .05; ++P < .01 after Bonferroni adjustment of significance level).
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fig1: mean reactions + SEM to withdrawal of positive reinforcers (pos) and encounter with negative reinforcers (neg) in nonhuman (NH, (a)) and human (H, (b)) conditions of frustration (1–6 see responses to QDF scales in Section 2.1., 1 + 5 = depressive, 3 + 6 = aggressive, and 2 + 4 = indifferent responses; *P < .05; **P < .01 before Bonferroni adjustment; +P < .05; ++P < .01 after Bonferroni adjustment of significance level).

Mentions: Means of responses to the two types of frustration, separated according to nonhuman and human conditions are depicted in Figure 1.


Depressive and aggressive responses to frustration: development of a questionnaire and its validation in a sample of male alcoholics.

Baars MY, Müller MJ, Gallhofer B, Netter P - Depress Res Treat (2011)

mean reactions + SEM to withdrawal of positive reinforcers (pos) and encounter with negative reinforcers (neg) in nonhuman (NH, (a)) and human (H, (b)) conditions of frustration  (1–6 see responses to QDF scales in Section 2.1., 1 + 5 = depressive, 3 + 6 = aggressive, and 2 + 4 = indifferent responses; *P < .05; **P < .01 before Bonferroni adjustment; +P < .05; ++P < .01 after Bonferroni adjustment of significance level).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3065082&req=5

fig1: mean reactions + SEM to withdrawal of positive reinforcers (pos) and encounter with negative reinforcers (neg) in nonhuman (NH, (a)) and human (H, (b)) conditions of frustration (1–6 see responses to QDF scales in Section 2.1., 1 + 5 = depressive, 3 + 6 = aggressive, and 2 + 4 = indifferent responses; *P < .05; **P < .01 before Bonferroni adjustment; +P < .05; ++P < .01 after Bonferroni adjustment of significance level).
Mentions: Means of responses to the two types of frustration, separated according to nonhuman and human conditions are depicted in Figure 1.

Bottom Line: Since clinical and biochemical observations point to much overlap between depression and aggression, both characterised by intolerance to frustration, a questionnaire was developed to test if different patterns of depressive and aggressive reactions elicited by exposure to negative events and deprivation from expected positive ones in human and nonhuman conditions, respectively, would result in specific response patterns in depressive and aggressive persons.The questionnaire was tested for internal consistency in a pilot healthy sample and for correlations of responses with the personality factors of Aggression and Depression in 60 abstinent male alcoholics.Aggressive and depressive responses were highly correlated across all stimulus conditions, and not specifically but rather equally associated with the personality factors of Aggression and Depression, confirming the close association between these dimensions.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, University of Giessen, Otto-Behaghel-Strasse 10, 35394 Giessen, Germany.

ABSTRACT
Since clinical and biochemical observations point to much overlap between depression and aggression, both characterised by intolerance to frustration, a questionnaire was developed to test if different patterns of depressive and aggressive reactions elicited by exposure to negative events and deprivation from expected positive ones in human and nonhuman conditions, respectively, would result in specific response patterns in depressive and aggressive persons. The questionnaire was tested for internal consistency in a pilot healthy sample and for correlations of responses with the personality factors of Aggression and Depression in 60 abstinent male alcoholics. Aggressive and depressive responses were highly correlated across all stimulus conditions, and not specifically but rather equally associated with the personality factors of Aggression and Depression, confirming the close association between these dimensions.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus