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Determination of aluminium and physicochemical parameters in the palm oil estates water supply at Johor, Malaysia.

Siti Farizwana MR, Mazrura S, Zurahanim Fasha A, Ahmad Rohi G - J Environ Public Health (2011)

Bottom Line: All estates with private water supply failed to meet the NSDWQ for Al with mean concentration of 0.99 ± 1.52 mg/L.Insufficient amount of chlorination was observed in the private water supply estates (0.09 ± 0.30 mg/L).Private water supplies with inefficient water treatment served unsatisfactory drinking water quality to the community which may lead to major health problems.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Environmental Health Programme, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, The National University of Malaysia, 50300 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

ABSTRACT
The study was to determine the concentration of aluminium (Al) and study the physicochemical parameters (pH, total dissolved solids (TDS), turbidity, and residual chlorine) in drinking water supply in selected palm oil estates in Kota Tinggi, Johor. Water samples were collected from the estates with the private and the public water supplies. The sampling points were at the water source (S), the treatment plant outlet (TPO), and at the nearest houses (H1) and the furthest houses (H2) from the TPO. All estates with private water supply failed to meet the NSDWQ for Al with mean concentration of 0.99 ± 1.52 mg/L. However, Al concentrations in all public water supply estates were well within the limit except for one estate. The pH for all samples complied with the NSDWQ except from the private estates for the drinking water supply with an acidic pH (5.50 ± 0.90). The private water supply showed violated turbidity value in the drinking water samples (14.2 ± 24.1 NTU). Insufficient amount of chlorination was observed in the private water supply estates (0.09 ± 0.30 mg/L). Private water supplies with inefficient water treatment served unsatisfactory drinking water quality to the community which may lead to major health problems.

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Map of Kota Tinggi, Johor, Malaysia. Source: e-Map Johor Darul Takzim, First Edition, Department of Survey and Mapping Malaysia (2009) [22].
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fig1: Map of Kota Tinggi, Johor, Malaysia. Source: e-Map Johor Darul Takzim, First Edition, Department of Survey and Mapping Malaysia (2009) [22].

Mentions: For this study, the selected estates consisted of six estates with private water supply and four estates with public water supply. The criteria for selecting those estates considered the type of water supply used in particular estate. Only resided estates with either type of water supply were chosen (private or public water supply only). A few estates with mixed water supply (both type of supplies) were excluded from this study. Figure 1 illustrated the sampling sites for this study.


Determination of aluminium and physicochemical parameters in the palm oil estates water supply at Johor, Malaysia.

Siti Farizwana MR, Mazrura S, Zurahanim Fasha A, Ahmad Rohi G - J Environ Public Health (2011)

Map of Kota Tinggi, Johor, Malaysia. Source: e-Map Johor Darul Takzim, First Edition, Department of Survey and Mapping Malaysia (2009) [22].
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3065042&req=5

fig1: Map of Kota Tinggi, Johor, Malaysia. Source: e-Map Johor Darul Takzim, First Edition, Department of Survey and Mapping Malaysia (2009) [22].
Mentions: For this study, the selected estates consisted of six estates with private water supply and four estates with public water supply. The criteria for selecting those estates considered the type of water supply used in particular estate. Only resided estates with either type of water supply were chosen (private or public water supply only). A few estates with mixed water supply (both type of supplies) were excluded from this study. Figure 1 illustrated the sampling sites for this study.

Bottom Line: All estates with private water supply failed to meet the NSDWQ for Al with mean concentration of 0.99 ± 1.52 mg/L.Insufficient amount of chlorination was observed in the private water supply estates (0.09 ± 0.30 mg/L).Private water supplies with inefficient water treatment served unsatisfactory drinking water quality to the community which may lead to major health problems.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Environmental Health Programme, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, The National University of Malaysia, 50300 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

ABSTRACT
The study was to determine the concentration of aluminium (Al) and study the physicochemical parameters (pH, total dissolved solids (TDS), turbidity, and residual chlorine) in drinking water supply in selected palm oil estates in Kota Tinggi, Johor. Water samples were collected from the estates with the private and the public water supplies. The sampling points were at the water source (S), the treatment plant outlet (TPO), and at the nearest houses (H1) and the furthest houses (H2) from the TPO. All estates with private water supply failed to meet the NSDWQ for Al with mean concentration of 0.99 ± 1.52 mg/L. However, Al concentrations in all public water supply estates were well within the limit except for one estate. The pH for all samples complied with the NSDWQ except from the private estates for the drinking water supply with an acidic pH (5.50 ± 0.90). The private water supply showed violated turbidity value in the drinking water samples (14.2 ± 24.1 NTU). Insufficient amount of chlorination was observed in the private water supply estates (0.09 ± 0.30 mg/L). Private water supplies with inefficient water treatment served unsatisfactory drinking water quality to the community which may lead to major health problems.

Show MeSH