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Three-dimensional neurophenotyping of adult zebrafish behavior.

Cachat J, Stewart A, Utterback E, Hart P, Gaikwad S, Wong K, Kyzar E, Wu N, Kalueff AV - PLoS ONE (2011)

Bottom Line: The present large-scale study applied the newest video-tracking and data-mining technologies to further examine zebrafish anxiety-like phenotypes.It also enables rapid optimization of video tracking settings to improve quantification of automated parameters, and suggests that spatiotemporal organization of zebrafish swimming activity can be affected by various experimental manipulations in a manner predicted by their anxiolytic or anxiogenic nature.Our approach markedly enhances the power of zebrafish behavioral analyses, providing innovative framework for high-throughput 3D phenotyping of adult zebrafish behavior.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pharmacology and Neuroscience Program, Tulane Neurophenotyping Platform and Zebrafish Neuroscience Research Consortium, Tulane University Medical School, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America.

ABSTRACT
The use of adult zebrafish (Danio rerio) in neurobehavioral research is rapidly expanding. The present large-scale study applied the newest video-tracking and data-mining technologies to further examine zebrafish anxiety-like phenotypes. Here, we generated temporal and spatial three-dimensional (3D) reconstructions of zebrafish locomotion, globally assessed behavioral profiles evoked by several anxiogenic and anxiolytic manipulations, mapped individual endpoints to 3D reconstructions, and performed cluster analysis to reconfirm behavioral correlates of high- and low-anxiety states. The application of 3D swim path reconstructions consolidates behavioral data (while increasing data density) and provides a novel way to examine and represent zebrafish behavior. It also enables rapid optimization of video tracking settings to improve quantification of automated parameters, and suggests that spatiotemporal organization of zebrafish swimming activity can be affected by various experimental manipulations in a manner predicted by their anxiolytic or anxiogenic nature. Our approach markedly enhances the power of zebrafish behavioral analyses, providing innovative framework for high-throughput 3D phenotyping of adult zebrafish behavior.

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Exploratory behavior of adult zebrafish in two different novel tank apparatuses.Temporal three-dimensional (3D) reconstructions plotted X,Y-coordinates (exported from EthoVision XT7 video-tracking software) on respective X,Y-axes, with experimental time plotted across the Z-axis (see Fig. 4 for an example). Spatial 3D reconstructions were generated in a similar fashion, with spatial coordinates from a top-view recording plotted on the Z-axis (see Fig. 5 for an example). Arrows indicate swimming activity patterns of interest; note the overall similarity of behavioral dynamics across two different novel tanks. Track color reflects changes in velocity (m/s), moving from dark to light (i.e., from blue to green, yellow and red) as velocity increases. Zebrafish placed in standard (small) or large novel tank displayed similar exploratory behavior dynamics (also see transitions to top as an example). Two-way ANOVA (factors: tank type; test time) revealed no tank type effect across all manual endpoints, but a significant time effect with transitions to and time spent in the upper half, increasing and freezing bouts and duration decreasing over time (F(1,5) = 2.1-9.3, p<0.05; ***p<0.01, post-hoc test vs. the respective min 1). This figure serves two purposes. First, it illustrates that the approach presented here can be applied to novel tanks of various shapes and sizes. Additionally, it validates the small novel tank test as a paradigm suitable for standardized phenotyping of zebrafish anxiety-like behavior.
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pone-0017597-g002: Exploratory behavior of adult zebrafish in two different novel tank apparatuses.Temporal three-dimensional (3D) reconstructions plotted X,Y-coordinates (exported from EthoVision XT7 video-tracking software) on respective X,Y-axes, with experimental time plotted across the Z-axis (see Fig. 4 for an example). Spatial 3D reconstructions were generated in a similar fashion, with spatial coordinates from a top-view recording plotted on the Z-axis (see Fig. 5 for an example). Arrows indicate swimming activity patterns of interest; note the overall similarity of behavioral dynamics across two different novel tanks. Track color reflects changes in velocity (m/s), moving from dark to light (i.e., from blue to green, yellow and red) as velocity increases. Zebrafish placed in standard (small) or large novel tank displayed similar exploratory behavior dynamics (also see transitions to top as an example). Two-way ANOVA (factors: tank type; test time) revealed no tank type effect across all manual endpoints, but a significant time effect with transitions to and time spent in the upper half, increasing and freezing bouts and duration decreasing over time (F(1,5) = 2.1-9.3, p<0.05; ***p<0.01, post-hoc test vs. the respective min 1). This figure serves two purposes. First, it illustrates that the approach presented here can be applied to novel tanks of various shapes and sizes. Additionally, it validates the small novel tank test as a paradigm suitable for standardized phenotyping of zebrafish anxiety-like behavior.

Mentions: Recent studies have characterized adult zebrafish behavior in several novelty-based paradigms, reporting habituation [35], thigmotaxis, geotaxis and scototaxis [28], [34], [36], [37]. As a relatively young field, adult zebrafish behavioral neuroscience continues to adapt traditional rodent paradigms (such as open field, light-dark box, startle, and predator exposure tests) to the use in this aquatic species [4], [5], [31], [37], [38], [39], [40], [41]. Similar to rodent open field test [42], [43], [44], the novel tank test (Fig. 1 and 2) evaluates the natural neophobic response of zebrafish, expressed in reduced exploration, increased freezing and/or unorganized erratic locomotion [27], [28], [35], [39], [45]. In contrast, reduced anxiety in this test is accompanied by increased exploration with reduced freezing and fewer erratic bouts [28], [46] (Fig. 3).


Three-dimensional neurophenotyping of adult zebrafish behavior.

Cachat J, Stewart A, Utterback E, Hart P, Gaikwad S, Wong K, Kyzar E, Wu N, Kalueff AV - PLoS ONE (2011)

Exploratory behavior of adult zebrafish in two different novel tank apparatuses.Temporal three-dimensional (3D) reconstructions plotted X,Y-coordinates (exported from EthoVision XT7 video-tracking software) on respective X,Y-axes, with experimental time plotted across the Z-axis (see Fig. 4 for an example). Spatial 3D reconstructions were generated in a similar fashion, with spatial coordinates from a top-view recording plotted on the Z-axis (see Fig. 5 for an example). Arrows indicate swimming activity patterns of interest; note the overall similarity of behavioral dynamics across two different novel tanks. Track color reflects changes in velocity (m/s), moving from dark to light (i.e., from blue to green, yellow and red) as velocity increases. Zebrafish placed in standard (small) or large novel tank displayed similar exploratory behavior dynamics (also see transitions to top as an example). Two-way ANOVA (factors: tank type; test time) revealed no tank type effect across all manual endpoints, but a significant time effect with transitions to and time spent in the upper half, increasing and freezing bouts and duration decreasing over time (F(1,5) = 2.1-9.3, p<0.05; ***p<0.01, post-hoc test vs. the respective min 1). This figure serves two purposes. First, it illustrates that the approach presented here can be applied to novel tanks of various shapes and sizes. Additionally, it validates the small novel tank test as a paradigm suitable for standardized phenotyping of zebrafish anxiety-like behavior.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

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getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3049776&req=5

pone-0017597-g002: Exploratory behavior of adult zebrafish in two different novel tank apparatuses.Temporal three-dimensional (3D) reconstructions plotted X,Y-coordinates (exported from EthoVision XT7 video-tracking software) on respective X,Y-axes, with experimental time plotted across the Z-axis (see Fig. 4 for an example). Spatial 3D reconstructions were generated in a similar fashion, with spatial coordinates from a top-view recording plotted on the Z-axis (see Fig. 5 for an example). Arrows indicate swimming activity patterns of interest; note the overall similarity of behavioral dynamics across two different novel tanks. Track color reflects changes in velocity (m/s), moving from dark to light (i.e., from blue to green, yellow and red) as velocity increases. Zebrafish placed in standard (small) or large novel tank displayed similar exploratory behavior dynamics (also see transitions to top as an example). Two-way ANOVA (factors: tank type; test time) revealed no tank type effect across all manual endpoints, but a significant time effect with transitions to and time spent in the upper half, increasing and freezing bouts and duration decreasing over time (F(1,5) = 2.1-9.3, p<0.05; ***p<0.01, post-hoc test vs. the respective min 1). This figure serves two purposes. First, it illustrates that the approach presented here can be applied to novel tanks of various shapes and sizes. Additionally, it validates the small novel tank test as a paradigm suitable for standardized phenotyping of zebrafish anxiety-like behavior.
Mentions: Recent studies have characterized adult zebrafish behavior in several novelty-based paradigms, reporting habituation [35], thigmotaxis, geotaxis and scototaxis [28], [34], [36], [37]. As a relatively young field, adult zebrafish behavioral neuroscience continues to adapt traditional rodent paradigms (such as open field, light-dark box, startle, and predator exposure tests) to the use in this aquatic species [4], [5], [31], [37], [38], [39], [40], [41]. Similar to rodent open field test [42], [43], [44], the novel tank test (Fig. 1 and 2) evaluates the natural neophobic response of zebrafish, expressed in reduced exploration, increased freezing and/or unorganized erratic locomotion [27], [28], [35], [39], [45]. In contrast, reduced anxiety in this test is accompanied by increased exploration with reduced freezing and fewer erratic bouts [28], [46] (Fig. 3).

Bottom Line: The present large-scale study applied the newest video-tracking and data-mining technologies to further examine zebrafish anxiety-like phenotypes.It also enables rapid optimization of video tracking settings to improve quantification of automated parameters, and suggests that spatiotemporal organization of zebrafish swimming activity can be affected by various experimental manipulations in a manner predicted by their anxiolytic or anxiogenic nature.Our approach markedly enhances the power of zebrafish behavioral analyses, providing innovative framework for high-throughput 3D phenotyping of adult zebrafish behavior.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pharmacology and Neuroscience Program, Tulane Neurophenotyping Platform and Zebrafish Neuroscience Research Consortium, Tulane University Medical School, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America.

ABSTRACT
The use of adult zebrafish (Danio rerio) in neurobehavioral research is rapidly expanding. The present large-scale study applied the newest video-tracking and data-mining technologies to further examine zebrafish anxiety-like phenotypes. Here, we generated temporal and spatial three-dimensional (3D) reconstructions of zebrafish locomotion, globally assessed behavioral profiles evoked by several anxiogenic and anxiolytic manipulations, mapped individual endpoints to 3D reconstructions, and performed cluster analysis to reconfirm behavioral correlates of high- and low-anxiety states. The application of 3D swim path reconstructions consolidates behavioral data (while increasing data density) and provides a novel way to examine and represent zebrafish behavior. It also enables rapid optimization of video tracking settings to improve quantification of automated parameters, and suggests that spatiotemporal organization of zebrafish swimming activity can be affected by various experimental manipulations in a manner predicted by their anxiolytic or anxiogenic nature. Our approach markedly enhances the power of zebrafish behavioral analyses, providing innovative framework for high-throughput 3D phenotyping of adult zebrafish behavior.

Show MeSH