Limits...
Combining information from surveys of several species to estimate the probability of freedom from Echinococcus multilocularis in Sweden, Finland and mainland Norway.

Wahlström H, Isomursu M, Hallgren G, Christensson D, Cedersmyg M, Wallensten A, Hjertqvist M, Davidson RK, Uhlhorn H, Hopp P - Acta Vet. Scand. (2011)

Bottom Line: Results from the model confirm that there is a high probability that in 2009 the countries were free from E. multilocularis.The sensitivity analyses showed that the choice of the design prevalences in different infected populations was influential.Therefore more knowledge on expected prevalences for E. multilocularis in infected populations of different species is desirable to reduce residual uncertainty of the results.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: National Veterinary Institute, 752 89 Uppsala, Sweden. helene.wahlstrom@sva.se

ABSTRACT

Background: The fox tapeworm Echinococcus multilocularis has foxes and other canids as definitive host and rodents as intermediate hosts. However, most mammals can be accidental intermediate hosts and the larval stage may cause serious disease in humans. The parasite has never been detected in Sweden, Finland and mainland Norway. All three countries require currently an anthelminthic treatment for dogs and cats prior to entry in order to prevent introduction of the parasite. Documentation of freedom from E. multilocularis is necessary for justification of the present import requirements.

Methods: The probability that Sweden, Finland and mainland Norway were free from E. multilocularis and the sensitivity of the surveillance systems were estimated using scenario trees. Surveillance data from five animal species were included in the study: red fox (Vulpes vulpes), raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides), domestic pig, wild boar (Sus scrofa) and voles and lemmings (Arvicolinae).

Results: The cumulative probability of freedom from EM in December 2009 was high in all three countries, 0.98 (95% CI 0.96-0.99) in Finland and 0.99 (0.97-0.995) in Sweden and 0.98 (0.95-0.99) in Norway.

Conclusions: Results from the model confirm that there is a high probability that in 2009 the countries were free from E. multilocularis. The sensitivity analyses showed that the choice of the design prevalences in different infected populations was influential. Therefore more knowledge on expected prevalences for E. multilocularis in infected populations of different species is desirable to reduce residual uncertainty of the results.

Show MeSH

Related in: MedlinePlus

The annual prior and posterior probability of freedom and sensitivity of surveillance systems for Echinococcus multilocularies. The study period is from January 2000 to December 2009. The results are presented separately per country. A = Sweden, B = Finland and C = mainland Norway.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3049754&req=5

Figure 3: The annual prior and posterior probability of freedom and sensitivity of surveillance systems for Echinococcus multilocularies. The study period is from January 2000 to December 2009. The results are presented separately per country. A = Sweden, B = Finland and C = mainland Norway.

Mentions: The cumulative probability of freedom from EM in December 2009 was high in all three countries, 0.98 (95% Credibility Interval 0.96-0.99) in Finland and 0.99 (0.97-0.995) in Sweden and 0.98 (0.95-0.99) in Norway. Results from the model indicate that the probability of freedom in Finland has been high since 2000, in Sweden since 2001 and in Norway since 2007 (Figure 3).


Combining information from surveys of several species to estimate the probability of freedom from Echinococcus multilocularis in Sweden, Finland and mainland Norway.

Wahlström H, Isomursu M, Hallgren G, Christensson D, Cedersmyg M, Wallensten A, Hjertqvist M, Davidson RK, Uhlhorn H, Hopp P - Acta Vet. Scand. (2011)

The annual prior and posterior probability of freedom and sensitivity of surveillance systems for Echinococcus multilocularies. The study period is from January 2000 to December 2009. The results are presented separately per country. A = Sweden, B = Finland and C = mainland Norway.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3049754&req=5

Figure 3: The annual prior and posterior probability of freedom and sensitivity of surveillance systems for Echinococcus multilocularies. The study period is from January 2000 to December 2009. The results are presented separately per country. A = Sweden, B = Finland and C = mainland Norway.
Mentions: The cumulative probability of freedom from EM in December 2009 was high in all three countries, 0.98 (95% Credibility Interval 0.96-0.99) in Finland and 0.99 (0.97-0.995) in Sweden and 0.98 (0.95-0.99) in Norway. Results from the model indicate that the probability of freedom in Finland has been high since 2000, in Sweden since 2001 and in Norway since 2007 (Figure 3).

Bottom Line: Results from the model confirm that there is a high probability that in 2009 the countries were free from E. multilocularis.The sensitivity analyses showed that the choice of the design prevalences in different infected populations was influential.Therefore more knowledge on expected prevalences for E. multilocularis in infected populations of different species is desirable to reduce residual uncertainty of the results.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: National Veterinary Institute, 752 89 Uppsala, Sweden. helene.wahlstrom@sva.se

ABSTRACT

Background: The fox tapeworm Echinococcus multilocularis has foxes and other canids as definitive host and rodents as intermediate hosts. However, most mammals can be accidental intermediate hosts and the larval stage may cause serious disease in humans. The parasite has never been detected in Sweden, Finland and mainland Norway. All three countries require currently an anthelminthic treatment for dogs and cats prior to entry in order to prevent introduction of the parasite. Documentation of freedom from E. multilocularis is necessary for justification of the present import requirements.

Methods: The probability that Sweden, Finland and mainland Norway were free from E. multilocularis and the sensitivity of the surveillance systems were estimated using scenario trees. Surveillance data from five animal species were included in the study: red fox (Vulpes vulpes), raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides), domestic pig, wild boar (Sus scrofa) and voles and lemmings (Arvicolinae).

Results: The cumulative probability of freedom from EM in December 2009 was high in all three countries, 0.98 (95% CI 0.96-0.99) in Finland and 0.99 (0.97-0.995) in Sweden and 0.98 (0.95-0.99) in Norway.

Conclusions: Results from the model confirm that there is a high probability that in 2009 the countries were free from E. multilocularis. The sensitivity analyses showed that the choice of the design prevalences in different infected populations was influential. Therefore more knowledge on expected prevalences for E. multilocularis in infected populations of different species is desirable to reduce residual uncertainty of the results.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus