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The first Finnish malariologist, Johan Haartman, and the discussion about malaria in 18th century Turku, Finland.

Hulden L - Malar. J. (2011)

Bottom Line: His aim was to recommend the best ones and warn against the harmful.Haartman died in 1788.His medical handbook would not be replaced until 1844.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Agricultural Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, University of Helsinki, Finland. lena.hulden@helsinki.fi

ABSTRACT
After the Great Northern War in 1721, Sweden ceased to be an important military power. Instead, the kingdom concentrated on developing science. Swedish research got international fame with names as Carolus Linnaeus, Pehr Wargentin and Anders Celsius. Medical research remained limited and malaria was common especially in the coastal area and along the shores of the big lakes.Already in the beginning of the 18th century Swedish physicians recommended Peruvian bark as medication and they also emphasized that bleeding or blood-letting a malaria patient was harmful. Although malaria was a common disease in the kingdom, the situation was worst in the SW-part of Finland which consisted of the town of Turku and a large archipelago in the Baltic. The farmers had no opportunity to get modern healthcare until Johan Haartman was appointed district physician in 1754. To improve the situation he wrote a medical handbook intended for both the farmers and for persons of rank. Haartman's work was first published 1759 and he discussed all the different cures and medications. His aim was to recommend the best ones and warn against the harmful. His first choice was Peruvian bark, but he knew that the farmers could not afford it. Haartman was appointed professor in medicine at the Royal Academy of Turku in 1765. The malaria situation in Finland grew worse in the 1770's and Haartman analysed the situation. He found the connection between the warm summers and the spring epidemics next year.In a later thesis, Haartman analysed the late summer/early autumn malaria epidemics in the archipelago. Althouh Haartman did not know the connection between malaria and the vector, he gave astute advice and encouraged the farmers to build their cottages in windy places away from the shallow bays in which the Anopheles females hatched. Haartman died in 1788. After his death malaria research in Turku declined. His medical handbook would not be replaced until 1844.

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The church in Paimio, the birthplace of Johan Haartman. When Johan Haartman was borne his father was professor in theology and the minister in the parish of Paimio, 25 km east from Turku. The vicarage was replaced with a new building in 1806. Haartman's home in Turku, a possible portrait and other mementoes were destroyed in the great fire of the town of Turku in 1827. Only a few letters, the publications and the funds for a chair in medicine, which Haartman donated to the university, remain.
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Figure 1: The church in Paimio, the birthplace of Johan Haartman. When Johan Haartman was borne his father was professor in theology and the minister in the parish of Paimio, 25 km east from Turku. The vicarage was replaced with a new building in 1806. Haartman's home in Turku, a possible portrait and other mementoes were destroyed in the great fire of the town of Turku in 1827. Only a few letters, the publications and the funds for a chair in medicine, which Haartman donated to the university, remain.

Mentions: Johan Haartman was borne in 1725 [Figure 1]. His family had been impoverished during the war, so he decided to become a pupil in a pharmacy in Stockholm. After four years he began to attend lectures at the university in Uppsala. His poverty made it impossible for him to buy a pharmacy of his own. Instead he started to study medicine at Uppsala. His main teacher was Nils Rosén von Rosenstein, the author of the first modern paediatric textbook, The Diseases of Children and Their Remedies [1].


The first Finnish malariologist, Johan Haartman, and the discussion about malaria in 18th century Turku, Finland.

Hulden L - Malar. J. (2011)

The church in Paimio, the birthplace of Johan Haartman. When Johan Haartman was borne his father was professor in theology and the minister in the parish of Paimio, 25 km east from Turku. The vicarage was replaced with a new building in 1806. Haartman's home in Turku, a possible portrait and other mementoes were destroyed in the great fire of the town of Turku in 1827. Only a few letters, the publications and the funds for a chair in medicine, which Haartman donated to the university, remain.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3045996&req=5

Figure 1: The church in Paimio, the birthplace of Johan Haartman. When Johan Haartman was borne his father was professor in theology and the minister in the parish of Paimio, 25 km east from Turku. The vicarage was replaced with a new building in 1806. Haartman's home in Turku, a possible portrait and other mementoes were destroyed in the great fire of the town of Turku in 1827. Only a few letters, the publications and the funds for a chair in medicine, which Haartman donated to the university, remain.
Mentions: Johan Haartman was borne in 1725 [Figure 1]. His family had been impoverished during the war, so he decided to become a pupil in a pharmacy in Stockholm. After four years he began to attend lectures at the university in Uppsala. His poverty made it impossible for him to buy a pharmacy of his own. Instead he started to study medicine at Uppsala. His main teacher was Nils Rosén von Rosenstein, the author of the first modern paediatric textbook, The Diseases of Children and Their Remedies [1].

Bottom Line: His aim was to recommend the best ones and warn against the harmful.Haartman died in 1788.His medical handbook would not be replaced until 1844.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Agricultural Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, University of Helsinki, Finland. lena.hulden@helsinki.fi

ABSTRACT
After the Great Northern War in 1721, Sweden ceased to be an important military power. Instead, the kingdom concentrated on developing science. Swedish research got international fame with names as Carolus Linnaeus, Pehr Wargentin and Anders Celsius. Medical research remained limited and malaria was common especially in the coastal area and along the shores of the big lakes.Already in the beginning of the 18th century Swedish physicians recommended Peruvian bark as medication and they also emphasized that bleeding or blood-letting a malaria patient was harmful. Although malaria was a common disease in the kingdom, the situation was worst in the SW-part of Finland which consisted of the town of Turku and a large archipelago in the Baltic. The farmers had no opportunity to get modern healthcare until Johan Haartman was appointed district physician in 1754. To improve the situation he wrote a medical handbook intended for both the farmers and for persons of rank. Haartman's work was first published 1759 and he discussed all the different cures and medications. His aim was to recommend the best ones and warn against the harmful. His first choice was Peruvian bark, but he knew that the farmers could not afford it. Haartman was appointed professor in medicine at the Royal Academy of Turku in 1765. The malaria situation in Finland grew worse in the 1770's and Haartman analysed the situation. He found the connection between the warm summers and the spring epidemics next year.In a later thesis, Haartman analysed the late summer/early autumn malaria epidemics in the archipelago. Althouh Haartman did not know the connection between malaria and the vector, he gave astute advice and encouraged the farmers to build their cottages in windy places away from the shallow bays in which the Anopheles females hatched. Haartman died in 1788. After his death malaria research in Turku declined. His medical handbook would not be replaced until 1844.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus