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Identification of a natural human serotype 3 parainfluenza virus.

Yang HT, Jiang Q, Zhou X, Bai MQ, Si HL, Wang XJ, Lu Y, Zhao H, He HB, He CQ - Virol. J. (2011)

Bottom Line: Homologous recombination is one of mechanisms for the rapid change of genetic diversity.In addition, two swine PIV3 isolates transferred from cattle to pigs were found to have mosaic genomes.These results suggest that homologous recombination can promote the genetic diversity and potentially bring some novel biologic characteristics of HPIV.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: College of Life Science, Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250014, China.

ABSTRACT
Parainfluenza virus is an important pathogen threatening the health of animals and human, which brings human many kinds of disease, especially lower respiratory tract infection involving infants and young children. In order to control the virus, it is necessary to fully understand the molecular basis resulting in the genetic diversity of the virus. Homologous recombination is one of mechanisms for the rapid change of genetic diversity. However, as a negative-strand virus, it is unknown whether the recombination can naturally take place in human PIV. In this study, we isolated and identified a mosaic serotype 3 human PIV (HPIV3) from in China, and also provided several putative PIV mosaics from previous reports to reveal that the recombination can naturally occur in the virus. In addition, two swine PIV3 isolates transferred from cattle to pigs were found to have mosaic genomes. These results suggest that homologous recombination can promote the genetic diversity and potentially bring some novel biologic characteristics of HPIV.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

(A, B) Results of Similarity and BootScanning analysis of the genome of LZ22_FJ455842. The y-axis in Similarity plot (A) gives the percentage of sequence identity within a sliding window of 400 bp wide centered on the position plotted, with a step size between plots of 20 bp, while in BootScanning plot (B) represents the percentage of permuted trees. The χ2 of maximization and P value of Fisher's Exact test are shown near (or on) the vertical line. GP and ZHYMgz01 are used as two parental lineage sequences and JS_U51116 an outgroup sequence. The breakpoint is identified and located at position 485, with χ2 value maximized. The query sequence LZ22_FJ455842 demonstrates greater sequence identity and BootScanning support with GP in the beginning region while otherwise with ZHYMgz01_EU326526 in the complementary regions.
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Figure 1: (A, B) Results of Similarity and BootScanning analysis of the genome of LZ22_FJ455842. The y-axis in Similarity plot (A) gives the percentage of sequence identity within a sliding window of 400 bp wide centered on the position plotted, with a step size between plots of 20 bp, while in BootScanning plot (B) represents the percentage of permuted trees. The χ2 of maximization and P value of Fisher's Exact test are shown near (or on) the vertical line. GP and ZHYMgz01 are used as two parental lineage sequences and JS_U51116 an outgroup sequence. The breakpoint is identified and located at position 485, with χ2 value maximized. The query sequence LZ22_FJ455842 demonstrates greater sequence identity and BootScanning support with GP in the beginning region while otherwise with ZHYMgz01_EU326526 in the complementary regions.

Mentions: And then, Simplot software package was used to determine the recombination event [15]. Employing the Findsites subprogram of SimPlot, one potential breakpoint was located at parsimonious regions with the maximization of χ2, from positions 485 to 615 (χ2 = 122.3, P < 0.0001 of Fisher's exact test). A similarity plot (Figure 1A) which was constructed by using all sites, revealed that the sequence of LZ22 showed greater affinity with one putative parent lineage of GP in the region from position 1 to 485 than the other putative parent ZHYMgz01 (100% versus 94%). However, sequence from positions 486 to 15536, ZHYMgz01 shared greater similarity with LZ22 than GP (98% versus 95%). P value (Fisher's Exact Test) and χ2 value of the breakpoint were shown on the vertical line in Figure 1. The identical evidence also appeared in BootScanning result (Figure 1B). The region from GP lineage spanned the amino terminal 1/3 of the N protein approximately.


Identification of a natural human serotype 3 parainfluenza virus.

Yang HT, Jiang Q, Zhou X, Bai MQ, Si HL, Wang XJ, Lu Y, Zhao H, He HB, He CQ - Virol. J. (2011)

(A, B) Results of Similarity and BootScanning analysis of the genome of LZ22_FJ455842. The y-axis in Similarity plot (A) gives the percentage of sequence identity within a sliding window of 400 bp wide centered on the position plotted, with a step size between plots of 20 bp, while in BootScanning plot (B) represents the percentage of permuted trees. The χ2 of maximization and P value of Fisher's Exact test are shown near (or on) the vertical line. GP and ZHYMgz01 are used as two parental lineage sequences and JS_U51116 an outgroup sequence. The breakpoint is identified and located at position 485, with χ2 value maximized. The query sequence LZ22_FJ455842 demonstrates greater sequence identity and BootScanning support with GP in the beginning region while otherwise with ZHYMgz01_EU326526 in the complementary regions.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3045893&req=5

Figure 1: (A, B) Results of Similarity and BootScanning analysis of the genome of LZ22_FJ455842. The y-axis in Similarity plot (A) gives the percentage of sequence identity within a sliding window of 400 bp wide centered on the position plotted, with a step size between plots of 20 bp, while in BootScanning plot (B) represents the percentage of permuted trees. The χ2 of maximization and P value of Fisher's Exact test are shown near (or on) the vertical line. GP and ZHYMgz01 are used as two parental lineage sequences and JS_U51116 an outgroup sequence. The breakpoint is identified and located at position 485, with χ2 value maximized. The query sequence LZ22_FJ455842 demonstrates greater sequence identity and BootScanning support with GP in the beginning region while otherwise with ZHYMgz01_EU326526 in the complementary regions.
Mentions: And then, Simplot software package was used to determine the recombination event [15]. Employing the Findsites subprogram of SimPlot, one potential breakpoint was located at parsimonious regions with the maximization of χ2, from positions 485 to 615 (χ2 = 122.3, P < 0.0001 of Fisher's exact test). A similarity plot (Figure 1A) which was constructed by using all sites, revealed that the sequence of LZ22 showed greater affinity with one putative parent lineage of GP in the region from position 1 to 485 than the other putative parent ZHYMgz01 (100% versus 94%). However, sequence from positions 486 to 15536, ZHYMgz01 shared greater similarity with LZ22 than GP (98% versus 95%). P value (Fisher's Exact Test) and χ2 value of the breakpoint were shown on the vertical line in Figure 1. The identical evidence also appeared in BootScanning result (Figure 1B). The region from GP lineage spanned the amino terminal 1/3 of the N protein approximately.

Bottom Line: Homologous recombination is one of mechanisms for the rapid change of genetic diversity.In addition, two swine PIV3 isolates transferred from cattle to pigs were found to have mosaic genomes.These results suggest that homologous recombination can promote the genetic diversity and potentially bring some novel biologic characteristics of HPIV.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: College of Life Science, Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250014, China.

ABSTRACT
Parainfluenza virus is an important pathogen threatening the health of animals and human, which brings human many kinds of disease, especially lower respiratory tract infection involving infants and young children. In order to control the virus, it is necessary to fully understand the molecular basis resulting in the genetic diversity of the virus. Homologous recombination is one of mechanisms for the rapid change of genetic diversity. However, as a negative-strand virus, it is unknown whether the recombination can naturally take place in human PIV. In this study, we isolated and identified a mosaic serotype 3 human PIV (HPIV3) from in China, and also provided several putative PIV mosaics from previous reports to reveal that the recombination can naturally occur in the virus. In addition, two swine PIV3 isolates transferred from cattle to pigs were found to have mosaic genomes. These results suggest that homologous recombination can promote the genetic diversity and potentially bring some novel biologic characteristics of HPIV.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus