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Positive affect as informational feedback in goal pursuit.

Orehek E, Bessarabova E, Chen X, Kruglanski AW - Motiv Emot (2011)

Bottom Line: Current theorizing about the impact of positive affect as informational feedback in goal pursuit suggests two contradictory conclusions: (1) positive affect can signal that sufficient progress towards a goal has been made, but also (2) positive affect can signal that commitment to a goal should be maintained.When individuals infer that significant progress toward goal achievement has been made, the goal should be deactivated, but when individuals infer that commitment to the goal should be maintained, goal activation should be increased.We found that positive affect led to decreased goal activation when competing goals were present, but to increased goal activation when competing goals were absent.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT
Two studies investigated the cognitive activation of a goal following a promise to complete it. Current theorizing about the impact of positive affect as informational feedback in goal pursuit suggests two contradictory conclusions: (1) positive affect can signal that sufficient progress towards a goal has been made, but also (2) positive affect can signal that commitment to a goal should be maintained. When individuals infer that significant progress toward goal achievement has been made, the goal should be deactivated, but when individuals infer that commitment to the goal should be maintained, goal activation should be increased. To determine the conditions in which positive affect leads to increased goal activation as opposed to goal deactivation, we proposed that competing goals serve as a moderator. We found that positive affect led to decreased goal activation when competing goals were present, but to increased goal activation when competing goals were absent.

No MeSH data available.


The effect of affect and competing goals on the activation of the focal goal (Experiment 1)
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Fig1: The effect of affect and competing goals on the activation of the focal goal (Experiment 1)

Mentions: We conducted a 2 (competing goals: present vs. absent) × 2 (affect: positive vs. neutral) between-subjects ANCOVA, with response latencies to neutral words entered as a covariate. The results found support for the predicted two-way interaction between the presence of competing goals and affect, F(1, 71) = 7.50, p < .01. To further test our hypotheses, we analyzed the simple effects. When competing goals were present, reaction times to the focal goal were significantly slower in the positive affect condition (M = 680 ms, SE = 31) than in the neutral affect condition (M = 595 ms, SE = 29), t(71) = 2.11, p < .05. When competing goals were absent, reaction times to the focal goal were significantly faster in the positive affect condition (M = 561 ms, SE = 32) than in the neutral affect condition (M = 627 ms, SE = 29), t(71) = 2.02, p < .05 (Fig. 1).Fig. 1


Positive affect as informational feedback in goal pursuit.

Orehek E, Bessarabova E, Chen X, Kruglanski AW - Motiv Emot (2011)

The effect of affect and competing goals on the activation of the focal goal (Experiment 1)
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3045658&req=5

Fig1: The effect of affect and competing goals on the activation of the focal goal (Experiment 1)
Mentions: We conducted a 2 (competing goals: present vs. absent) × 2 (affect: positive vs. neutral) between-subjects ANCOVA, with response latencies to neutral words entered as a covariate. The results found support for the predicted two-way interaction between the presence of competing goals and affect, F(1, 71) = 7.50, p < .01. To further test our hypotheses, we analyzed the simple effects. When competing goals were present, reaction times to the focal goal were significantly slower in the positive affect condition (M = 680 ms, SE = 31) than in the neutral affect condition (M = 595 ms, SE = 29), t(71) = 2.11, p < .05. When competing goals were absent, reaction times to the focal goal were significantly faster in the positive affect condition (M = 561 ms, SE = 32) than in the neutral affect condition (M = 627 ms, SE = 29), t(71) = 2.02, p < .05 (Fig. 1).Fig. 1

Bottom Line: Current theorizing about the impact of positive affect as informational feedback in goal pursuit suggests two contradictory conclusions: (1) positive affect can signal that sufficient progress towards a goal has been made, but also (2) positive affect can signal that commitment to a goal should be maintained.When individuals infer that significant progress toward goal achievement has been made, the goal should be deactivated, but when individuals infer that commitment to the goal should be maintained, goal activation should be increased.We found that positive affect led to decreased goal activation when competing goals were present, but to increased goal activation when competing goals were absent.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT
Two studies investigated the cognitive activation of a goal following a promise to complete it. Current theorizing about the impact of positive affect as informational feedback in goal pursuit suggests two contradictory conclusions: (1) positive affect can signal that sufficient progress towards a goal has been made, but also (2) positive affect can signal that commitment to a goal should be maintained. When individuals infer that significant progress toward goal achievement has been made, the goal should be deactivated, but when individuals infer that commitment to the goal should be maintained, goal activation should be increased. To determine the conditions in which positive affect leads to increased goal activation as opposed to goal deactivation, we proposed that competing goals serve as a moderator. We found that positive affect led to decreased goal activation when competing goals were present, but to increased goal activation when competing goals were absent.

No MeSH data available.