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Assessing the quality of reports about randomized controlled trials of acupuncture treatment on mild cognitive impairment.

Lu X, Hongcai S, Jiaying W, Jing H, Jun X - PLoS ONE (2011)

Bottom Line: No RCTs used blinding.RCTs reported the sample size calculation.The CONSORT statement and STRICTA should be used to standardize the reporting of RCTs of acupuncture in future.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, China.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the reports' qualities which are about randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of acupuncture treatment on Mild Cognitive Impairment (MIC).

Methods: Nine databases including the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL,2010), PUBMED (1984-5/2010), EMbase (1984-5/2010), MEDLINE (1984-5/2010), CINAL (1984-5/2010), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI, 1980-5/2010), China Biomedicine Database disc (CBMdisc, 1980-5/2010), VIP (a full text issues database of China, 1989-5/2010) were searched systematically. Hand search for further references was conducted. Language was limited to Chinese and English. We identified 14 RCTs that used acupuncture as an intervention and assessed the quality of these reports against the Consolidated Standards for Reporting of Trials (CONSORT) statement and Standards for Reporting Interventions in Controlled Trials of Acupuncture (STRICTA).

Results: In regard to the items in the CONSORT statement, 13(92.86%) RCTs described baseline demographic and clinical characteristics in each group. 7 (50.0%) mentioned the method of generating the random sequence, only 2 (14.3%) RCTs had adequate allocation concealment. No RCTs used blinding. RCTs reported the sample size calculation. In regard to the items in STRICTA, 10 (71.43%) mentioned the depths of insertion, 6 (42.86%) reported acupuncture response, 11 (78.57%) mentioned the technique of acupuncture, 12 (85.71%) recorded the time, and only 3 (21.43%) RCTs reported the numbers of needles inserted. No RCTs reported the background of the acupuncture practitioners and professional title of practitioners.

Conclusion: The reporting quality of RCTs of acupuncture for mild cognitive impairment was moderate to low. The CONSORT statement and STRICTA should be used to standardize the reporting of RCTs of acupuncture in future.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Number of reports published in the recent five years.According to the Table 1, the years of publication of included reports is mainly during these five years, namely from the 2006 to 2010. Figure 2 shows one report is published in 2006, two in 2007, four in 2008, six in 2009, and one in 2010.
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pone-0016922-g002: Number of reports published in the recent five years.According to the Table 1, the years of publication of included reports is mainly during these five years, namely from the 2006 to 2010. Figure 2 shows one report is published in 2006, two in 2007, four in 2008, six in 2009, and one in 2010.

Mentions: The characteristics of all the included reports are presented in Table 1. All the 14 reports were found in 11 different medical journals published by six different publishing houses. Sample sizes ranged from a small pilot study of 17 subjects to a large scale, and the largest sample included 104 subjects. Only one report was published in America. All the 14 studies included in our assessment were published during the year 2006–2010, while in 2009 the number of reports published reached the peak (43%) (Figure 2).


Assessing the quality of reports about randomized controlled trials of acupuncture treatment on mild cognitive impairment.

Lu X, Hongcai S, Jiaying W, Jing H, Jun X - PLoS ONE (2011)

Number of reports published in the recent five years.According to the Table 1, the years of publication of included reports is mainly during these five years, namely from the 2006 to 2010. Figure 2 shows one report is published in 2006, two in 2007, four in 2008, six in 2009, and one in 2010.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3045380&req=5

pone-0016922-g002: Number of reports published in the recent five years.According to the Table 1, the years of publication of included reports is mainly during these five years, namely from the 2006 to 2010. Figure 2 shows one report is published in 2006, two in 2007, four in 2008, six in 2009, and one in 2010.
Mentions: The characteristics of all the included reports are presented in Table 1. All the 14 reports were found in 11 different medical journals published by six different publishing houses. Sample sizes ranged from a small pilot study of 17 subjects to a large scale, and the largest sample included 104 subjects. Only one report was published in America. All the 14 studies included in our assessment were published during the year 2006–2010, while in 2009 the number of reports published reached the peak (43%) (Figure 2).

Bottom Line: No RCTs used blinding.RCTs reported the sample size calculation.The CONSORT statement and STRICTA should be used to standardize the reporting of RCTs of acupuncture in future.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, China.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the reports' qualities which are about randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of acupuncture treatment on Mild Cognitive Impairment (MIC).

Methods: Nine databases including the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL,2010), PUBMED (1984-5/2010), EMbase (1984-5/2010), MEDLINE (1984-5/2010), CINAL (1984-5/2010), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI, 1980-5/2010), China Biomedicine Database disc (CBMdisc, 1980-5/2010), VIP (a full text issues database of China, 1989-5/2010) were searched systematically. Hand search for further references was conducted. Language was limited to Chinese and English. We identified 14 RCTs that used acupuncture as an intervention and assessed the quality of these reports against the Consolidated Standards for Reporting of Trials (CONSORT) statement and Standards for Reporting Interventions in Controlled Trials of Acupuncture (STRICTA).

Results: In regard to the items in the CONSORT statement, 13(92.86%) RCTs described baseline demographic and clinical characteristics in each group. 7 (50.0%) mentioned the method of generating the random sequence, only 2 (14.3%) RCTs had adequate allocation concealment. No RCTs used blinding. RCTs reported the sample size calculation. In regard to the items in STRICTA, 10 (71.43%) mentioned the depths of insertion, 6 (42.86%) reported acupuncture response, 11 (78.57%) mentioned the technique of acupuncture, 12 (85.71%) recorded the time, and only 3 (21.43%) RCTs reported the numbers of needles inserted. No RCTs reported the background of the acupuncture practitioners and professional title of practitioners.

Conclusion: The reporting quality of RCTs of acupuncture for mild cognitive impairment was moderate to low. The CONSORT statement and STRICTA should be used to standardize the reporting of RCTs of acupuncture in future.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus