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Analysis of isoflavones and flavonoids in human urine by UHPLC.

Baranowska I, Magiera S - Anal Bioanal Chem (2010)

Bottom Line: Recovery was 70.35-96.58%.It can be routinely used for simultaneous determination of these five isoflavones and seven flavonoids in human urine.The method can also be applied to studies after administration of pharmaceutical preparations containing isoflavones and flavonoids to humans.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Analytical Chemistry, Silesian University of Technology, 7 M. Strzody Str., 44-100 Gliwice, Poland. irena.baranowska@polsl.pl

ABSTRACT
A rapid, ultra high-performance liquid chromatographic (UHPLC) method has been developed and validated for simultaneous identification and analysis of the isoflavones genistein, daidzein, glycitin, puerarin, and biochanin A, and the flavonoids (±)-catechin, (-)-epicatechin, rutin, hesperidin, neohesperidin, quercitrin, and hesperetin in human urine. Urine samples were incubated with β-glucuronidase/sulfatase. UHPLC was performed with a Hypersil Gold (50 × 2.1 mm, 1.9 μm) analytical column. Elution was with a gradient prepared from aqueous trifluoroacetic acid (0.05%) and acetonitrile. UV detection was performed at 254 and 280 nm. The calibration curves were indicative of good linearity (r(2) ≥ 0.9992) in the range of interest for each analyte. LODs ranged between 15.4 and 107.0 ng mL(-1) and 3.9 and 20.4 ng mL(-1) for flavonoids and isoflavones, respectively. Intra-day and inter-day precision (C.V., %) was less than 3.9% and 3.8%, respectively, and accuracy was between 0.03% and 5.0%. Recovery was 70.35-96.58%. The method is very rapid, simple, and reliable, and suitable for pharmacokinetic analysis. It can be routinely used for simultaneous determination of these five isoflavones and seven flavonoids in human urine. The method can also be applied to studies after administration of pharmaceutical preparations containing isoflavones and flavonoids to humans.

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Chromatogram obtained from a blank urine sample by use of the UHPLC method
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Fig3: Chromatogram obtained from a blank urine sample by use of the UHPLC method

Mentions: Selectivity experiments were carried out using human urine samples that did not contain the target compounds. A chromatogram obtained by UHPLC from a blank sample of urine is shown in Fig. 3. There were no interfering peaks at retention times corresponding to the analysed flavonoids and isoflavones. There are some additional unidentified peaks in the chromatogram from the human urine samples, but these peaks do not interfere with the flavonoids and isoflavones of interest.Fig. 3


Analysis of isoflavones and flavonoids in human urine by UHPLC.

Baranowska I, Magiera S - Anal Bioanal Chem (2010)

Chromatogram obtained from a blank urine sample by use of the UHPLC method
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3044235&req=5

Fig3: Chromatogram obtained from a blank urine sample by use of the UHPLC method
Mentions: Selectivity experiments were carried out using human urine samples that did not contain the target compounds. A chromatogram obtained by UHPLC from a blank sample of urine is shown in Fig. 3. There were no interfering peaks at retention times corresponding to the analysed flavonoids and isoflavones. There are some additional unidentified peaks in the chromatogram from the human urine samples, but these peaks do not interfere with the flavonoids and isoflavones of interest.Fig. 3

Bottom Line: Recovery was 70.35-96.58%.It can be routinely used for simultaneous determination of these five isoflavones and seven flavonoids in human urine.The method can also be applied to studies after administration of pharmaceutical preparations containing isoflavones and flavonoids to humans.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Analytical Chemistry, Silesian University of Technology, 7 M. Strzody Str., 44-100 Gliwice, Poland. irena.baranowska@polsl.pl

ABSTRACT
A rapid, ultra high-performance liquid chromatographic (UHPLC) method has been developed and validated for simultaneous identification and analysis of the isoflavones genistein, daidzein, glycitin, puerarin, and biochanin A, and the flavonoids (±)-catechin, (-)-epicatechin, rutin, hesperidin, neohesperidin, quercitrin, and hesperetin in human urine. Urine samples were incubated with β-glucuronidase/sulfatase. UHPLC was performed with a Hypersil Gold (50 × 2.1 mm, 1.9 μm) analytical column. Elution was with a gradient prepared from aqueous trifluoroacetic acid (0.05%) and acetonitrile. UV detection was performed at 254 and 280 nm. The calibration curves were indicative of good linearity (r(2) ≥ 0.9992) in the range of interest for each analyte. LODs ranged between 15.4 and 107.0 ng mL(-1) and 3.9 and 20.4 ng mL(-1) for flavonoids and isoflavones, respectively. Intra-day and inter-day precision (C.V., %) was less than 3.9% and 3.8%, respectively, and accuracy was between 0.03% and 5.0%. Recovery was 70.35-96.58%. The method is very rapid, simple, and reliable, and suitable for pharmacokinetic analysis. It can be routinely used for simultaneous determination of these five isoflavones and seven flavonoids in human urine. The method can also be applied to studies after administration of pharmaceutical preparations containing isoflavones and flavonoids to humans.

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