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Arthritis in the Canadian Aboriginal population: north-south differences in prevalence and correlates.

Ng C, Chatwood S, Young TK - Prev Chronic Dis (2010)

Bottom Line: The prevalence of arthritis in the three northern territories ("North") is 12.7% compared to 20.1% in the provinces ("South") and is higher among females than males in both the North and South.The prevalence among Inuit is lower than among other Aboriginal groups.Individuals with arthritis are more likely to smoke, be obese, have concurrent chronic diseases, and are less likely to be employed.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

ABSTRACT

Background: Information on arthritis and other musculoskeletal disorders among Aboriginal people is sparse. Survey data show that arthritis and rheumatism are among the most commonly reported chronic conditions and their prevalence is higher than among non-Aboriginal people.

Objective: To describe the burden of arthritis among Aboriginal people in northern Canada and demonstrate the public health significance and social impact of the disease.

Methods: Using cross-sectional data from more than 29,000 Aboriginal people aged 15 years and over who participated in the Aboriginal Peoples Survey 2006, we assessed regional differences in the prevalence of arthritis and its association with other risk factors, co-morbidity and health care use.

Results: The prevalence of arthritis in the three northern territories ("North") is 12.7% compared to 20.1% in the provinces ("South") and is higher among females than males in both the North and South. The prevalence among Inuit is lower than among other Aboriginal groups. Individuals with arthritis are more likely to smoke, be obese, have concurrent chronic diseases, and are less likely to be employed. Aboriginal people with arthritis utilized the health care system more often than those without the disease.

Conclusions: Aboriginal-specific findings on arthritis and other chronic diseases as well as recognition of regional differences between North and South will enhance program planning and help identify new priorities in health promotion.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Utilization of health services by Aboriginal people aged 15 years and over in the North a and Southb of Canada by type of provider and by arthritis status.
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Related In: Results  -  Collection


getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3044015&req=5

Figure 1: Utilization of health services by Aboriginal people aged 15 years and over in the North a and Southb of Canada by type of provider and by arthritis status.

Mentions: The proportion of individuals who report consulting a health professional (primary care physician or nurse) or traditional healer† anytime in the 12 months preceding the survey was higher among individuals with arthritis than those without the condition. (In the North, OR = 2.32, 95% CI: 2.10-2.56; in the South, OR = 2.25, 95% CI: 2.17-2.33.) In the North, arthritis patients consulted nurses and traditional healers more and physicians less frequently than those in the South. (See Figure 1)


Arthritis in the Canadian Aboriginal population: north-south differences in prevalence and correlates.

Ng C, Chatwood S, Young TK - Prev Chronic Dis (2010)

Utilization of health services by Aboriginal people aged 15 years and over in the North a and Southb of Canada by type of provider and by arthritis status.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3044015&req=5

Figure 1: Utilization of health services by Aboriginal people aged 15 years and over in the North a and Southb of Canada by type of provider and by arthritis status.
Mentions: The proportion of individuals who report consulting a health professional (primary care physician or nurse) or traditional healer† anytime in the 12 months preceding the survey was higher among individuals with arthritis than those without the condition. (In the North, OR = 2.32, 95% CI: 2.10-2.56; in the South, OR = 2.25, 95% CI: 2.17-2.33.) In the North, arthritis patients consulted nurses and traditional healers more and physicians less frequently than those in the South. (See Figure 1)

Bottom Line: The prevalence of arthritis in the three northern territories ("North") is 12.7% compared to 20.1% in the provinces ("South") and is higher among females than males in both the North and South.The prevalence among Inuit is lower than among other Aboriginal groups.Individuals with arthritis are more likely to smoke, be obese, have concurrent chronic diseases, and are less likely to be employed.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

ABSTRACT

Background: Information on arthritis and other musculoskeletal disorders among Aboriginal people is sparse. Survey data show that arthritis and rheumatism are among the most commonly reported chronic conditions and their prevalence is higher than among non-Aboriginal people.

Objective: To describe the burden of arthritis among Aboriginal people in northern Canada and demonstrate the public health significance and social impact of the disease.

Methods: Using cross-sectional data from more than 29,000 Aboriginal people aged 15 years and over who participated in the Aboriginal Peoples Survey 2006, we assessed regional differences in the prevalence of arthritis and its association with other risk factors, co-morbidity and health care use.

Results: The prevalence of arthritis in the three northern territories ("North") is 12.7% compared to 20.1% in the provinces ("South") and is higher among females than males in both the North and South. The prevalence among Inuit is lower than among other Aboriginal groups. Individuals with arthritis are more likely to smoke, be obese, have concurrent chronic diseases, and are less likely to be employed. Aboriginal people with arthritis utilized the health care system more often than those without the disease.

Conclusions: Aboriginal-specific findings on arthritis and other chronic diseases as well as recognition of regional differences between North and South will enhance program planning and help identify new priorities in health promotion.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus