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Enzymatic control of anhydrobiosis-related accumulation of trehalose in the sleeping chironomid, Polypedilum vanderplanki.

Mitsumasu K, Kanamori Y, Fujita M, Iwata K, Tanaka D, Kikuta S, Watanabe M, Cornette R, Okuda T, Kikawada T - FEBS J. (2010)

Bottom Line: Although computational prediction indicated that the alternative splicing variants (PvTpsα/β) obtained encoded probable functional motifs consisting of a typical consensus domain of TPS and a conserved sequence of TPP, PvTpsα did not exert activity as TPP, but only as TPS.The translated product of the TREH ortholog (PvTreh) certainly degraded trehalose to glucose.Trehalose was synthesized abundantly, consistent with increased activities of TPS and TPP and suppressed TREH activity.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Anhydrobiosis Research Unit, National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Schematic representation of desiccation-inducible genes isolated from P. vanderplanki. (A) Genomic structures of PvTpsα and PvTpsβ. Exons are indicated by boxes (shaded boxes corresponding to ORF) and introns by straight lines. Filled bars indicate representative motifs encoded in the genes. (B, C) Diagrams of cDNAs of PvTpp and PvTreh, respectively. Shaded regions indicate ORF. Filled boxes represent consensus motifs encoded in the nucleotide sequence. Scale bars are displayed at the bottom right of each diagram.
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fig03: Schematic representation of desiccation-inducible genes isolated from P. vanderplanki. (A) Genomic structures of PvTpsα and PvTpsβ. Exons are indicated by boxes (shaded boxes corresponding to ORF) and introns by straight lines. Filled bars indicate representative motifs encoded in the genes. (B, C) Diagrams of cDNAs of PvTpp and PvTreh, respectively. Shaded regions indicate ORF. Filled boxes represent consensus motifs encoded in the nucleotide sequence. Scale bars are displayed at the bottom right of each diagram.

Mentions: As a result of 3′-RACE on PvTps, we isolated two distinct mRNAs, named PvTpsα and PvTpsβ, that were different at each 3′-end of the nucleotide sequence. PvTpsα cDNA consisted of 3026 bp (Fig. 3A). Because nucleotides (nt) 69–71 represent a stop codon (TAA), the downstream nt 90–92 were regarded as the initiation codon (ATG). nt 2628–2630 also represented a stop codon (TGA), thus suggesting a 2538-bp ORF (846 amino acids with a molecular mass of 95 300). PvTpsβ cDNA consisted of 3094 bp; 68 nucleotides were inserted between nt 2291 and 2292 of PvTpsα. Because a frame shift occurred by insertion, the ORF in PvTpsβ was shortened to 2373 bp, encoding 791 amino acids with a calculated molecular mass of 89 500 (Fig. 3A). The genomic DNA sequence of the PvTps gene confirmed that PvTpsα and PvTpsβ were generated by alternative splicing (Fig. 3A). In the same manner, cDNAs of PvTpp and PvTreh were defined to consist of 1044 bp, including an 882-bp ORF (294 amino acids with a molecular mass of 33 400), and 2177 bp, including a 1734-bp ORF (578 amino acids with a molecular mass of 66 400), respectively (Fig. 3B, C).


Enzymatic control of anhydrobiosis-related accumulation of trehalose in the sleeping chironomid, Polypedilum vanderplanki.

Mitsumasu K, Kanamori Y, Fujita M, Iwata K, Tanaka D, Kikuta S, Watanabe M, Cornette R, Okuda T, Kikawada T - FEBS J. (2010)

Schematic representation of desiccation-inducible genes isolated from P. vanderplanki. (A) Genomic structures of PvTpsα and PvTpsβ. Exons are indicated by boxes (shaded boxes corresponding to ORF) and introns by straight lines. Filled bars indicate representative motifs encoded in the genes. (B, C) Diagrams of cDNAs of PvTpp and PvTreh, respectively. Shaded regions indicate ORF. Filled boxes represent consensus motifs encoded in the nucleotide sequence. Scale bars are displayed at the bottom right of each diagram.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3037560&req=5

fig03: Schematic representation of desiccation-inducible genes isolated from P. vanderplanki. (A) Genomic structures of PvTpsα and PvTpsβ. Exons are indicated by boxes (shaded boxes corresponding to ORF) and introns by straight lines. Filled bars indicate representative motifs encoded in the genes. (B, C) Diagrams of cDNAs of PvTpp and PvTreh, respectively. Shaded regions indicate ORF. Filled boxes represent consensus motifs encoded in the nucleotide sequence. Scale bars are displayed at the bottom right of each diagram.
Mentions: As a result of 3′-RACE on PvTps, we isolated two distinct mRNAs, named PvTpsα and PvTpsβ, that were different at each 3′-end of the nucleotide sequence. PvTpsα cDNA consisted of 3026 bp (Fig. 3A). Because nucleotides (nt) 69–71 represent a stop codon (TAA), the downstream nt 90–92 were regarded as the initiation codon (ATG). nt 2628–2630 also represented a stop codon (TGA), thus suggesting a 2538-bp ORF (846 amino acids with a molecular mass of 95 300). PvTpsβ cDNA consisted of 3094 bp; 68 nucleotides were inserted between nt 2291 and 2292 of PvTpsα. Because a frame shift occurred by insertion, the ORF in PvTpsβ was shortened to 2373 bp, encoding 791 amino acids with a calculated molecular mass of 89 500 (Fig. 3A). The genomic DNA sequence of the PvTps gene confirmed that PvTpsα and PvTpsβ were generated by alternative splicing (Fig. 3A). In the same manner, cDNAs of PvTpp and PvTreh were defined to consist of 1044 bp, including an 882-bp ORF (294 amino acids with a molecular mass of 33 400), and 2177 bp, including a 1734-bp ORF (578 amino acids with a molecular mass of 66 400), respectively (Fig. 3B, C).

Bottom Line: Although computational prediction indicated that the alternative splicing variants (PvTpsα/β) obtained encoded probable functional motifs consisting of a typical consensus domain of TPS and a conserved sequence of TPP, PvTpsα did not exert activity as TPP, but only as TPS.The translated product of the TREH ortholog (PvTreh) certainly degraded trehalose to glucose.Trehalose was synthesized abundantly, consistent with increased activities of TPS and TPP and suppressed TREH activity.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Anhydrobiosis Research Unit, National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus