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Social allostasis: anticipatory regulation of the internal milieu.

Schulkin J - Front Evol Neurosci (2011)

Bottom Line: Homeostatic regulation, a dominant perspective, reflects reactive responses; allostatic regulation, the physiology of change, emphasizes longer-term anticipatory, and feedforward systems.Steroids, such as cortisol, and peptides such as corticotrophin releasing hormone are but one example of such anticipatory regulatory systems.The concept of "allostasis" is in part to take account of anticipatory control amidst diverse forms of adaptation underlying this regulatory adaptation that supports social contact and the internal milieu.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Neuroscience, Georgetown University Washington, DC, USA.

ABSTRACT
Social regulation of the internal milieu is a fundamental behavioral adaptation. Cephalic capability is reflected by anticipatory behaviors to serve systemic physiological regulation. Homeostatic regulation, a dominant perspective, reflects reactive responses; allostatic regulation, the physiology of change, emphasizes longer-term anticipatory, and feedforward systems. Steroids, such as cortisol, and peptides such as corticotrophin releasing hormone are but one example of such anticipatory regulatory systems. The concept of "allostasis" is in part to take account of anticipatory control amidst diverse forms of adaptation underlying this regulatory adaptation that supports social contact and the internal milieu.

No MeSH data available.


Salivary cortisol concentrations in 18-month-old infants who feel securely attached to their mothers, versus insecure infants. (Redrawn from Nachmias et al., 1996, with permission).
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Figure 5: Salivary cortisol concentrations in 18-month-old infants who feel securely attached to their mothers, versus insecure infants. (Redrawn from Nachmias et al., 1996, with permission).

Mentions: So social contact is one way of managing the secretion of cortisol. More social contact, more grooming, less cortisol circulating; forming coalitions is essential for the regulation of the internal milieu, of which cortisol, the molecule of energy metabolism, is one molecule amongst others being regulated by social contact (Sapolsky, 1992; Schulkin, 2003). In a similar way, young children who form social contact and seek out human warmth and security tend to have lower levels of cortisol under diverse conditions (Gunnar et al., 1989; Gunnar, 1998; Gunnar and Davis, 2005; Figure 5).


Social allostasis: anticipatory regulation of the internal milieu.

Schulkin J - Front Evol Neurosci (2011)

Salivary cortisol concentrations in 18-month-old infants who feel securely attached to their mothers, versus insecure infants. (Redrawn from Nachmias et al., 1996, with permission).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3037529&req=5

Figure 5: Salivary cortisol concentrations in 18-month-old infants who feel securely attached to their mothers, versus insecure infants. (Redrawn from Nachmias et al., 1996, with permission).
Mentions: So social contact is one way of managing the secretion of cortisol. More social contact, more grooming, less cortisol circulating; forming coalitions is essential for the regulation of the internal milieu, of which cortisol, the molecule of energy metabolism, is one molecule amongst others being regulated by social contact (Sapolsky, 1992; Schulkin, 2003). In a similar way, young children who form social contact and seek out human warmth and security tend to have lower levels of cortisol under diverse conditions (Gunnar et al., 1989; Gunnar, 1998; Gunnar and Davis, 2005; Figure 5).

Bottom Line: Homeostatic regulation, a dominant perspective, reflects reactive responses; allostatic regulation, the physiology of change, emphasizes longer-term anticipatory, and feedforward systems.Steroids, such as cortisol, and peptides such as corticotrophin releasing hormone are but one example of such anticipatory regulatory systems.The concept of "allostasis" is in part to take account of anticipatory control amidst diverse forms of adaptation underlying this regulatory adaptation that supports social contact and the internal milieu.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Neuroscience, Georgetown University Washington, DC, USA.

ABSTRACT
Social regulation of the internal milieu is a fundamental behavioral adaptation. Cephalic capability is reflected by anticipatory behaviors to serve systemic physiological regulation. Homeostatic regulation, a dominant perspective, reflects reactive responses; allostatic regulation, the physiology of change, emphasizes longer-term anticipatory, and feedforward systems. Steroids, such as cortisol, and peptides such as corticotrophin releasing hormone are but one example of such anticipatory regulatory systems. The concept of "allostasis" is in part to take account of anticipatory control amidst diverse forms of adaptation underlying this regulatory adaptation that supports social contact and the internal milieu.

No MeSH data available.