Limits...
Aesthetic response to color combinations: preference, harmony, and similarity.

Schloss KB, Palmer SE - Atten Percept Psychophys (2011)

Bottom Line: For example, some claim that harmony increases with hue similarity, whereas others claim that it decreases.Although pairs with highly contrastive hues are generally judged to be neither preferable nor harmonious, figural color preference ratings increase as hue contrast with the background increases.The present results thus refine and clarify some of the best-known and most contentious claims of color theorists.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-1650, USA. kschloss@berkeley.edu

ABSTRACT
Previous studies of preference for and harmony of color combinations have produced confusing results. For example, some claim that harmony increases with hue similarity, whereas others claim that it decreases. We argue that such confusions are resolved by distinguishing among three types of judgments about color pairs: (1) preference for the pair as a whole, (2) harmony of the pair as a whole, and (3) preference for its figural color when viewed against its colored background. Empirical support for this distinction shows that pair preference and harmony both increase as hue similarity increases, but preference relies more strongly on component color preference and lightness contrast. Although pairs with highly contrastive hues are generally judged to be neither preferable nor harmonious, figural color preference ratings increase as hue contrast with the background increases. The present results thus refine and clarify some of the best-known and most contentious claims of color theorists.

Show MeSH

Related in: MedlinePlus

Harmony ratings for color pairs as a function of figural hue (x-axis) and ground hue (separate lines) (a) and as a function of the hue difference (in terms of steps in the present BCP design) between the figure and ground (b). Error bars standard errors of the means (SEM)
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection


getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3037488&req=5

Fig6: Harmony ratings for color pairs as a function of figural hue (x-axis) and ground hue (separate lines) (a) and as a function of the hue difference (in terms of steps in the present BCP design) between the figure and ground (b). Error bars standard errors of the means (SEM)

Mentions: The pattern of color harmony ratings as a function of figural hue and ground hue is shown in Fig. 6a. Notice first that it is strikingly similar to the pattern of results for pair preference ratings but somewhat more exaggerated. Indeed, the correlation between average pair-wise preference ratings and average pair-wise harmony ratings was +0.79, accounting for 62% of the variance. Given this strong positive relation, it is understandable that Chevreul and other color theorists erroneously equated color harmony and color preference: generally speaking, people do tend to prefer harmonious color combinations. That does not mean that harmony and preference are either conceptually or empirically the same, however. It is also noteworthy that there was greater agreement among participants about their judgments of pair harmony than about their judgments of pair preference. The correlation of each observer’s harmony ratings with the group-average harmony ratings (average r = +.51) was significantly greater than the corresponding correlation of their preference ratings with the group-average preference ratings (average r = +.36) [t(47) = 5.72, p < .001]. This fact indicates that, whatever perceived color harmony might be, people are in better agreement about it than about their preferences for the same colored displays. The same data, plotted in terms of hue angle in CIELAB color space, can be found the Supplementary Material (Fig. S11A).Fig. 6


Aesthetic response to color combinations: preference, harmony, and similarity.

Schloss KB, Palmer SE - Atten Percept Psychophys (2011)

Harmony ratings for color pairs as a function of figural hue (x-axis) and ground hue (separate lines) (a) and as a function of the hue difference (in terms of steps in the present BCP design) between the figure and ground (b). Error bars standard errors of the means (SEM)
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3037488&req=5

Fig6: Harmony ratings for color pairs as a function of figural hue (x-axis) and ground hue (separate lines) (a) and as a function of the hue difference (in terms of steps in the present BCP design) between the figure and ground (b). Error bars standard errors of the means (SEM)
Mentions: The pattern of color harmony ratings as a function of figural hue and ground hue is shown in Fig. 6a. Notice first that it is strikingly similar to the pattern of results for pair preference ratings but somewhat more exaggerated. Indeed, the correlation between average pair-wise preference ratings and average pair-wise harmony ratings was +0.79, accounting for 62% of the variance. Given this strong positive relation, it is understandable that Chevreul and other color theorists erroneously equated color harmony and color preference: generally speaking, people do tend to prefer harmonious color combinations. That does not mean that harmony and preference are either conceptually or empirically the same, however. It is also noteworthy that there was greater agreement among participants about their judgments of pair harmony than about their judgments of pair preference. The correlation of each observer’s harmony ratings with the group-average harmony ratings (average r = +.51) was significantly greater than the corresponding correlation of their preference ratings with the group-average preference ratings (average r = +.36) [t(47) = 5.72, p < .001]. This fact indicates that, whatever perceived color harmony might be, people are in better agreement about it than about their preferences for the same colored displays. The same data, plotted in terms of hue angle in CIELAB color space, can be found the Supplementary Material (Fig. S11A).Fig. 6

Bottom Line: For example, some claim that harmony increases with hue similarity, whereas others claim that it decreases.Although pairs with highly contrastive hues are generally judged to be neither preferable nor harmonious, figural color preference ratings increase as hue contrast with the background increases.The present results thus refine and clarify some of the best-known and most contentious claims of color theorists.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-1650, USA. kschloss@berkeley.edu

ABSTRACT
Previous studies of preference for and harmony of color combinations have produced confusing results. For example, some claim that harmony increases with hue similarity, whereas others claim that it decreases. We argue that such confusions are resolved by distinguishing among three types of judgments about color pairs: (1) preference for the pair as a whole, (2) harmony of the pair as a whole, and (3) preference for its figural color when viewed against its colored background. Empirical support for this distinction shows that pair preference and harmony both increase as hue similarity increases, but preference relies more strongly on component color preference and lightness contrast. Although pairs with highly contrastive hues are generally judged to be neither preferable nor harmonious, figural color preference ratings increase as hue contrast with the background increases. The present results thus refine and clarify some of the best-known and most contentious claims of color theorists.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus