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Aesthetic response to color combinations: preference, harmony, and similarity.

Schloss KB, Palmer SE - Atten Percept Psychophys (2011)

Bottom Line: For example, some claim that harmony increases with hue similarity, whereas others claim that it decreases.Although pairs with highly contrastive hues are generally judged to be neither preferable nor harmonious, figural color preference ratings increase as hue contrast with the background increases.The present results thus refine and clarify some of the best-known and most contentious claims of color theorists.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-1650, USA. kschloss@berkeley.edu

ABSTRACT
Previous studies of preference for and harmony of color combinations have produced confusing results. For example, some claim that harmony increases with hue similarity, whereas others claim that it decreases. We argue that such confusions are resolved by distinguishing among three types of judgments about color pairs: (1) preference for the pair as a whole, (2) harmony of the pair as a whole, and (3) preference for its figural color when viewed against its colored background. Empirical support for this distinction shows that pair preference and harmony both increase as hue similarity increases, but preference relies more strongly on component color preference and lightness contrast. Although pairs with highly contrastive hues are generally judged to be neither preferable nor harmonious, figural color preference ratings increase as hue contrast with the background increases. The present results thus refine and clarify some of the best-known and most contentious claims of color theorists.

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Similarity ratings for color pairs as a function of the hue on the right of the monitor (x-axis) and hue on the left of the monitor (separate lines) (a) and as a function of the hue difference (in terms of steps in the present BCP design) between the right and left colors (b). Error bars standard errors of the means (SEM)
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Fig10: Similarity ratings for color pairs as a function of the hue on the right of the monitor (x-axis) and hue on the left of the monitor (separate lines) (a) and as a function of the hue difference (in terms of steps in the present BCP design) between the right and left colors (b). Error bars standard errors of the means (SEM)

Mentions: Average color similarity ratings are plotted in Fig. 10a as a function of figural hue and ground hue, averaged over figural cut and ground cut. As is evident by inspection, the hue effects on color similarity ratings are quite similar to the corresponding hue effects on harmony ratings plotted in Fig. 6a (r = +.83), but even more extreme. They are also somewhat similar to the preference ratings plotted in Fig. 2a (r = +.55). Color similarity ratings were highly consistent across subjects, with an average correlation of +.75 between each subject’s own ratings and the entire group’s average ratings. Notice that this consistency measure is substantially greater than the same measure for both the harmony ratings [r = +.51, t(47) = 8.84, p < .001] and the preference ratings [r = +.36, t(47) = 14.39, p < .001].Fig. 10


Aesthetic response to color combinations: preference, harmony, and similarity.

Schloss KB, Palmer SE - Atten Percept Psychophys (2011)

Similarity ratings for color pairs as a function of the hue on the right of the monitor (x-axis) and hue on the left of the monitor (separate lines) (a) and as a function of the hue difference (in terms of steps in the present BCP design) between the right and left colors (b). Error bars standard errors of the means (SEM)
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

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getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3037488&req=5

Fig10: Similarity ratings for color pairs as a function of the hue on the right of the monitor (x-axis) and hue on the left of the monitor (separate lines) (a) and as a function of the hue difference (in terms of steps in the present BCP design) between the right and left colors (b). Error bars standard errors of the means (SEM)
Mentions: Average color similarity ratings are plotted in Fig. 10a as a function of figural hue and ground hue, averaged over figural cut and ground cut. As is evident by inspection, the hue effects on color similarity ratings are quite similar to the corresponding hue effects on harmony ratings plotted in Fig. 6a (r = +.83), but even more extreme. They are also somewhat similar to the preference ratings plotted in Fig. 2a (r = +.55). Color similarity ratings were highly consistent across subjects, with an average correlation of +.75 between each subject’s own ratings and the entire group’s average ratings. Notice that this consistency measure is substantially greater than the same measure for both the harmony ratings [r = +.51, t(47) = 8.84, p < .001] and the preference ratings [r = +.36, t(47) = 14.39, p < .001].Fig. 10

Bottom Line: For example, some claim that harmony increases with hue similarity, whereas others claim that it decreases.Although pairs with highly contrastive hues are generally judged to be neither preferable nor harmonious, figural color preference ratings increase as hue contrast with the background increases.The present results thus refine and clarify some of the best-known and most contentious claims of color theorists.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-1650, USA. kschloss@berkeley.edu

ABSTRACT
Previous studies of preference for and harmony of color combinations have produced confusing results. For example, some claim that harmony increases with hue similarity, whereas others claim that it decreases. We argue that such confusions are resolved by distinguishing among three types of judgments about color pairs: (1) preference for the pair as a whole, (2) harmony of the pair as a whole, and (3) preference for its figural color when viewed against its colored background. Empirical support for this distinction shows that pair preference and harmony both increase as hue similarity increases, but preference relies more strongly on component color preference and lightness contrast. Although pairs with highly contrastive hues are generally judged to be neither preferable nor harmonious, figural color preference ratings increase as hue contrast with the background increases. The present results thus refine and clarify some of the best-known and most contentious claims of color theorists.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus