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Tumor Suppressor Serine/Threonine Kinase LKB1 Expression, Not Kinase Activity, Increased in the Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells and Neointima in the Rat Carotid Artery Injury Model.

Jeong JO, Kim JH, Ahn KT, Park HS, Jang WI, Park JH, Lee JH, Choi SW, Kim JM, Seong IW - Korean Circ J (2010)

Bottom Line: Ang II or balloon-injury increased the expression of LKB1 although the LKB1 activity was reduced.Ang II increased LKB1 expression in VSMCs and neointima.These findings were not kinase dependant.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Chungnam National University School of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea.

ABSTRACT

Background and objectives: Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation is responsible for the restenosis of previously inserted coronary stents. Angiotensin II (Ang II) is known to regulate VSMC proliferation. LKB1, a serine/threonine kinase, interacts with the p53 pathway and acts as a tumor suppressor.

Materials and methods: We assessed the association of Ang II and the expression of LKB1 in primary cultured murine VSMCs and neointima of the Sprague Dawley rat carotid artery injury model. We created carotid balloon injuries and harvested the injured carotid arteries 14 days after the procedure.

Results: Ang II increased LKB1 expression in a time-dependent manner and peaked at an Ang II concentration of 10(-7) mole/L in VSMCs. In the animal experiment, neointima was markedly increased after balloon injury compared to the control group. Immunohistochemical studies showed that LKB1 expression increased according to neointima thickness. Ang II augmented LKB1 expression after the injury. Western blot analysis of LKB1 with carotid artery lysate revealed the same pattern as LKB1 immunohistochemistry. Increased LKB1 expression started at 5 days after the balloon injury, and peaked at 14 days after the injury. Although LKB1 expression was increased after the injury, LKB1 kinase activity was not increased. Ang II or balloon-injury increased the expression of LKB1 although the LKB1 activity was reduced.

Conclusion: Ang II increased LKB1 expression in VSMCs and neointima. These findings were not kinase dependant.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Representative serial LKB1 staining showed increased LKB1 expression started 5 days after the balloon injury and peaked 14 days after the injury according to neointima formation (n=3/each day).
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Figure 3: Representative serial LKB1 staining showed increased LKB1 expression started 5 days after the balloon injury and peaked 14 days after the injury according to neointima formation (n=3/each day).

Mentions: Serial LKB1 staining showed LKB1 expression increased 5 days after the balloon injury and peaked 14 days after the injury according to neointima formation (Fig. 3).


Tumor Suppressor Serine/Threonine Kinase LKB1 Expression, Not Kinase Activity, Increased in the Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells and Neointima in the Rat Carotid Artery Injury Model.

Jeong JO, Kim JH, Ahn KT, Park HS, Jang WI, Park JH, Lee JH, Choi SW, Kim JM, Seong IW - Korean Circ J (2010)

Representative serial LKB1 staining showed increased LKB1 expression started 5 days after the balloon injury and peaked 14 days after the injury according to neointima formation (n=3/each day).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3008825&req=5

Figure 3: Representative serial LKB1 staining showed increased LKB1 expression started 5 days after the balloon injury and peaked 14 days after the injury according to neointima formation (n=3/each day).
Mentions: Serial LKB1 staining showed LKB1 expression increased 5 days after the balloon injury and peaked 14 days after the injury according to neointima formation (Fig. 3).

Bottom Line: Ang II or balloon-injury increased the expression of LKB1 although the LKB1 activity was reduced.Ang II increased LKB1 expression in VSMCs and neointima.These findings were not kinase dependant.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Chungnam National University School of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea.

ABSTRACT

Background and objectives: Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation is responsible for the restenosis of previously inserted coronary stents. Angiotensin II (Ang II) is known to regulate VSMC proliferation. LKB1, a serine/threonine kinase, interacts with the p53 pathway and acts as a tumor suppressor.

Materials and methods: We assessed the association of Ang II and the expression of LKB1 in primary cultured murine VSMCs and neointima of the Sprague Dawley rat carotid artery injury model. We created carotid balloon injuries and harvested the injured carotid arteries 14 days after the procedure.

Results: Ang II increased LKB1 expression in a time-dependent manner and peaked at an Ang II concentration of 10(-7) mole/L in VSMCs. In the animal experiment, neointima was markedly increased after balloon injury compared to the control group. Immunohistochemical studies showed that LKB1 expression increased according to neointima thickness. Ang II augmented LKB1 expression after the injury. Western blot analysis of LKB1 with carotid artery lysate revealed the same pattern as LKB1 immunohistochemistry. Increased LKB1 expression started at 5 days after the balloon injury, and peaked at 14 days after the injury. Although LKB1 expression was increased after the injury, LKB1 kinase activity was not increased. Ang II or balloon-injury increased the expression of LKB1 although the LKB1 activity was reduced.

Conclusion: Ang II increased LKB1 expression in VSMCs and neointima. These findings were not kinase dependant.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus