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Myocardial contractile function in survived neonatal piglets after cardiopulmonary bypass.

Tirilomis T, Liakopoulos OJ, Coskun KO, Bensch M, Popov AF, Schmitto JD, Schoendube FA - J Cardiothorac Surg (2010)

Bottom Line: Left ventricular dP/dtmax and (dP/dtmax)/P remained stable in CPB group, while dP/dtmax decreased in non-CPB group 5 hours postoperatively (1761 ± 205 mmHg/s at baseline vs. 1170 ± 205 mmHg/s after 5 h; p < 0.05).However, with regard to dP/dtmax and (dP/dtmax)/P there were no statistically significant differences between the two groups.Comparably, although myocardial thickening decreased in the non-CPB group the differences between the two groups were not statistically significant.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department for Thoracic, Cardiac, and Vascular Surgery, Goettingen University, Goettingen, Germany. theodor.tirilomis@med.uni-goettingen.de

ABSTRACT

Background: Hemodynamic function may be depressed in the early postoperative stages after cardiac surgery. The aim of this study was the analysis of the myocardial contractility in neonates after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and mild hypothermia.

Methods: Three indices of left ventricular myocardial contractile function (dP/dt, (dP/dt)/P, and wall thickening) were studied up to 6 hours after CPB in neonatal piglets (CPB group; n = 4). The contractility data were analysed and then compared to the data of newborn piglets who also underwent median thoracotomy and instrumentation for the same time intervals but without CPB (non-CPB group; n = 3).

Results: Left ventricular dP/dtmax and (dP/dtmax)/P remained stable in CPB group, while dP/dtmax decreased in non-CPB group 5 hours postoperatively (1761 ± 205 mmHg/s at baseline vs. 1170 ± 205 mmHg/s after 5 h; p < 0.05). However, with regard to dP/dtmax and (dP/dtmax)/P there were no statistically significant differences between the two groups. Comparably, although myocardial thickening decreased in the non-CPB group the differences between the two groups were not statistically significant.

Conclusions: The myocardial contractile function in survived neonatal piglets remained stable 6 hours after cardiopulmonary bypass and mild hypothermia probably due to regional hypercontractility.

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Changes of the left ventricular contractility index (dP/dtmax)/P in survived newborn piglets in % of baseline value. No statistically significant differences between both groups.
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Figure 3: Changes of the left ventricular contractility index (dP/dtmax)/P in survived newborn piglets in % of baseline value. No statistically significant differences between both groups.

Mentions: The differences between the CPB and non-CPB group were not statistically significant regarding left ventricular dP/dtmax (Figure 2), contractility index (dP/dtmax)/P (Figure 3), and regional wall thickening (Figure 4).


Myocardial contractile function in survived neonatal piglets after cardiopulmonary bypass.

Tirilomis T, Liakopoulos OJ, Coskun KO, Bensch M, Popov AF, Schmitto JD, Schoendube FA - J Cardiothorac Surg (2010)

Changes of the left ventricular contractility index (dP/dtmax)/P in survived newborn piglets in % of baseline value. No statistically significant differences between both groups.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2992056&req=5

Figure 3: Changes of the left ventricular contractility index (dP/dtmax)/P in survived newborn piglets in % of baseline value. No statistically significant differences between both groups.
Mentions: The differences between the CPB and non-CPB group were not statistically significant regarding left ventricular dP/dtmax (Figure 2), contractility index (dP/dtmax)/P (Figure 3), and regional wall thickening (Figure 4).

Bottom Line: Left ventricular dP/dtmax and (dP/dtmax)/P remained stable in CPB group, while dP/dtmax decreased in non-CPB group 5 hours postoperatively (1761 ± 205 mmHg/s at baseline vs. 1170 ± 205 mmHg/s after 5 h; p < 0.05).However, with regard to dP/dtmax and (dP/dtmax)/P there were no statistically significant differences between the two groups.Comparably, although myocardial thickening decreased in the non-CPB group the differences between the two groups were not statistically significant.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department for Thoracic, Cardiac, and Vascular Surgery, Goettingen University, Goettingen, Germany. theodor.tirilomis@med.uni-goettingen.de

ABSTRACT

Background: Hemodynamic function may be depressed in the early postoperative stages after cardiac surgery. The aim of this study was the analysis of the myocardial contractility in neonates after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and mild hypothermia.

Methods: Three indices of left ventricular myocardial contractile function (dP/dt, (dP/dt)/P, and wall thickening) were studied up to 6 hours after CPB in neonatal piglets (CPB group; n = 4). The contractility data were analysed and then compared to the data of newborn piglets who also underwent median thoracotomy and instrumentation for the same time intervals but without CPB (non-CPB group; n = 3).

Results: Left ventricular dP/dtmax and (dP/dtmax)/P remained stable in CPB group, while dP/dtmax decreased in non-CPB group 5 hours postoperatively (1761 ± 205 mmHg/s at baseline vs. 1170 ± 205 mmHg/s after 5 h; p < 0.05). However, with regard to dP/dtmax and (dP/dtmax)/P there were no statistically significant differences between the two groups. Comparably, although myocardial thickening decreased in the non-CPB group the differences between the two groups were not statistically significant.

Conclusions: The myocardial contractile function in survived neonatal piglets remained stable 6 hours after cardiopulmonary bypass and mild hypothermia probably due to regional hypercontractility.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus