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The Effects of Playing with Thin Dolls on Body Image and Food Intake in Young Girls.

Anschutz DJ, Engels RC - Sex Roles (2010)

Bottom Line: This study experimentally tested the effects of playing with thin dolls on body image and food intake in 6- to 10-year-old Dutch girls (N = 117).No differences were found between conditions for any of the body image variables.Although no support was found for the assumption that playing with thin dolls influences body image, the dolls directly affected actual food intake in these young girls.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University, P.O. Box 9104, 6500 HE Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

ABSTRACT
This study experimentally tested the effects of playing with thin dolls on body image and food intake in 6- to 10-year-old Dutch girls (N = 117). Girls were randomly assigned to play with a thin doll, an average-sized doll, or Legos in a no doll control condition. After 10 min, they participated in a taste-test and completed questionnaires about body image. No differences were found between conditions for any of the body image variables. However, girls who played with the average-sized doll ate significantly more food than girls in other exposure conditions. Although no support was found for the assumption that playing with thin dolls influences body image, the dolls directly affected actual food intake in these young girls.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Adjusted means of food intake (in gram) in all three conditions
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Fig2: Adjusted means of food intake (in gram) in all three conditions

Mentions: A final 3 (Thin vs. Average vs. Control) × 2 (Younger vs. Older) ANCOVA with food intake as a dependent measure, controlling for BMI, was conducted to test H3. No significant covariate effect was found of BMI on food intake, F(1, 110) = .45, p = .50. This indicates that food intake was not related to BMI level. The results showed that condition had a significant main effect on food intake, F(2, 110) = 3.93, p = .02; Cohen’s f = .27. Post-hoc comparisons with Bonferroni corrections for multiple testing revealed that the girls in the average size doll condition ate significantly more than the girls in the thin doll condition (p = .03; Hedges g > 1.0). No significant difference in food intake was found between the average size doll condition and the no-doll control condition (p = .12; Hedges g = .70), or between the thin doll condition and the no-doll control condition (p = 1.00; Hedges g = .04). Further, age group had no main effect on food intake, F(1, 110) = .24, p = .63, cohen’s d = .09. So, food intake in the present experiment did not differ between the younger and older girls. The interaction between condition and age was not significant, F(2, 110) = .42, p = .66, cohen’s f = .08. Figure 2 shows the adjusted means of food intake (in grams) in all three conditions (10 grams of the M&M’s eaten equals 48.4 kcal intake). In the thin doll condition the girls ate on average 32.2 grams (SE = 3.0), in the average sized doll condition they ate on average 45.0 grams (SE = 3.8) and in the control condition they ate on average 32.4 grams (SE = 4.7). In conclusion, H3 was partly supported, as girls ate less after exposure to the thin dolls than after exposure to the average sized doll. However, this effect was not moderated by age.Fig. 2


The Effects of Playing with Thin Dolls on Body Image and Food Intake in Young Girls.

Anschutz DJ, Engels RC - Sex Roles (2010)

Adjusted means of food intake (in gram) in all three conditions
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2991547&req=5

Fig2: Adjusted means of food intake (in gram) in all three conditions
Mentions: A final 3 (Thin vs. Average vs. Control) × 2 (Younger vs. Older) ANCOVA with food intake as a dependent measure, controlling for BMI, was conducted to test H3. No significant covariate effect was found of BMI on food intake, F(1, 110) = .45, p = .50. This indicates that food intake was not related to BMI level. The results showed that condition had a significant main effect on food intake, F(2, 110) = 3.93, p = .02; Cohen’s f = .27. Post-hoc comparisons with Bonferroni corrections for multiple testing revealed that the girls in the average size doll condition ate significantly more than the girls in the thin doll condition (p = .03; Hedges g > 1.0). No significant difference in food intake was found between the average size doll condition and the no-doll control condition (p = .12; Hedges g = .70), or between the thin doll condition and the no-doll control condition (p = 1.00; Hedges g = .04). Further, age group had no main effect on food intake, F(1, 110) = .24, p = .63, cohen’s d = .09. So, food intake in the present experiment did not differ between the younger and older girls. The interaction between condition and age was not significant, F(2, 110) = .42, p = .66, cohen’s f = .08. Figure 2 shows the adjusted means of food intake (in grams) in all three conditions (10 grams of the M&M’s eaten equals 48.4 kcal intake). In the thin doll condition the girls ate on average 32.2 grams (SE = 3.0), in the average sized doll condition they ate on average 45.0 grams (SE = 3.8) and in the control condition they ate on average 32.4 grams (SE = 4.7). In conclusion, H3 was partly supported, as girls ate less after exposure to the thin dolls than after exposure to the average sized doll. However, this effect was not moderated by age.Fig. 2

Bottom Line: This study experimentally tested the effects of playing with thin dolls on body image and food intake in 6- to 10-year-old Dutch girls (N = 117).No differences were found between conditions for any of the body image variables.Although no support was found for the assumption that playing with thin dolls influences body image, the dolls directly affected actual food intake in these young girls.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University, P.O. Box 9104, 6500 HE Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

ABSTRACT
This study experimentally tested the effects of playing with thin dolls on body image and food intake in 6- to 10-year-old Dutch girls (N = 117). Girls were randomly assigned to play with a thin doll, an average-sized doll, or Legos in a no doll control condition. After 10 min, they participated in a taste-test and completed questionnaires about body image. No differences were found between conditions for any of the body image variables. However, girls who played with the average-sized doll ate significantly more food than girls in other exposure conditions. Although no support was found for the assumption that playing with thin dolls influences body image, the dolls directly affected actual food intake in these young girls.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus