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Trapping Phyllophaga spp. (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae) in the United States and Canada using sex attractants.

Robbins PS, Alm SR, Armstrong C, Averill AL, Baker TC, Bauernfiend RJ, Baxendale FP, Braman SK, Brandenburg RL, Cash DB, Couch GJ, Cowles RS, Crocker RL, DeLamar ZD, Dittl TG, Fitzpatrick SM, Flanders KL, Forgatsch T, Gibb TJ, Gill BD, Gilrein DO, Gorsuch CS, Hammond AM, Hastings PD, Held DW, Heller PR, Hiskes RT, Holliman JL, Hudson WG, Klein MG, Krischik VL, Lee DJ, Linn CE, Luce NJ, MacKenzie KE, Mannion CM, Polavarapu S, Potter DA, Roelofs WL, Royals BM, Salsbury GA, Schiff NM, Shetlar DJ, Skinner M, Sparks BL, Sutschek JA, Sutschek TP, Swier SR, Sylvia MM, Vickers NJ, Vittum PJ, Weidman R, Weber DC, Williamson RC, Villani MG - J. Insect Sci. (2006)

Bottom Line: Three major findings included: (1) widespread use of the two compounds [of the 147 Phyllophaga (sensu stricto) species found in the United States and Canada, males of nearly 40% were captured]; (2) in most species intraspecific male response to the pheromone blends was stable between years and over geography; and (3) an unusual pheromone polymorphism was described from P. anxia.At additional locations, the L-valine methyl ester-responding populations and the L-isoleucine methyl ester-responding populations were both present, producing a bimodal capture curve.In southeastern Massachusetts and in Rhode Island, in the United States, P. anxia males were captured with blends of L-valine methyl ester and L-isoleucine methyl ester.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Cornell University, New York State Agriculture Experiment Station, Geneva, NY, USA. psr1@cornell.edu

ABSTRACT
The sex pheromone of the scarab beetle, Phyllophaga anxia, is a blend of the methyl esters of two amino acids, L-valine and L-isoleucine. A field trapping study was conducted, deploying different blends of the two compounds at 59 locations in the United States and Canada. More than 57,000 males of 61 Phyllophaga species (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae) were captured and identified. Three major findings included: (1) widespread use of the two compounds [of the 147 Phyllophaga (sensu stricto) species found in the United States and Canada, males of nearly 40% were captured]; (2) in most species intraspecific male response to the pheromone blends was stable between years and over geography; and (3) an unusual pheromone polymorphism was described from P. anxia. Populations at some locations were captured with L-valine methyl ester alone, whereas populations at other locations were captured with L-isoleucine methyl ester alone. At additional locations, the L-valine methyl ester-responding populations and the L-isoleucine methyl ester-responding populations were both present, producing a bimodal capture curve. In southeastern Massachusetts and in Rhode Island, in the United States, P. anxia males were captured with blends of L-valine methyl ester and L-isoleucine methyl ester.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

P. forsteri• = catch sites, n = 141 beetlesShaded areas = distributions from Luginbill and Painter, 1953
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i1536-2442-6-39-1-f21: P. forsteri• = catch sites, n = 141 beetlesShaded areas = distributions from Luginbill and Painter, 1953

Mentions: 7 see Figures 11, 73a and 73b, P. crassissima; Figures 12 and 74, P. crenulata; Figures 17, 79a and 79b, P. drakei; Figures 20 and 82, P. forbesi; Figures 21, 83a, 83b, and 83c, P. forsteri; Figures 23, 85a and 85b, P. fraterna; Figures 24, 87a, 87b, 87c, and 87d, P. fusca; Figures 25, 88a, 88b, 88c, and 88d, P. futilis; Figures 27 and 90, P. glaberrima; Figures 29 and 92, P. gracilis; Figures 31 and 94, P. hirsuta; Figures 32 and 95, P. hirticula; Figures 33 and 96, P. hirtiventris; Figures 36 and 99, P. inversa; Figures 40 and 103, P. longispina; Figures 41 and 104, P. lota; Figures 43 and 106, P. marginalis; Figures 45 and 108, P. micans; Figures 47 and 110, P. nitida; Figures 49 and 112, P. perlonga; Figures 50 and 113, P. postrema; Figures 51 and 114, P. praetermissa; Figures 53 and 116, P. quercus; Figures 54 and 117, P. rubiginosa; Figures 55, 118a and 118b, P. rugosa; Figures 58 and 121, P. sylvatica; Figures 60 and 123, P. torta; Figures 61 and 124, P. ulkei; and Figures 63 and 126, P. vehemens


Trapping Phyllophaga spp. (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae) in the United States and Canada using sex attractants.

Robbins PS, Alm SR, Armstrong C, Averill AL, Baker TC, Bauernfiend RJ, Baxendale FP, Braman SK, Brandenburg RL, Cash DB, Couch GJ, Cowles RS, Crocker RL, DeLamar ZD, Dittl TG, Fitzpatrick SM, Flanders KL, Forgatsch T, Gibb TJ, Gill BD, Gilrein DO, Gorsuch CS, Hammond AM, Hastings PD, Held DW, Heller PR, Hiskes RT, Holliman JL, Hudson WG, Klein MG, Krischik VL, Lee DJ, Linn CE, Luce NJ, MacKenzie KE, Mannion CM, Polavarapu S, Potter DA, Roelofs WL, Royals BM, Salsbury GA, Schiff NM, Shetlar DJ, Skinner M, Sparks BL, Sutschek JA, Sutschek TP, Swier SR, Sylvia MM, Vickers NJ, Vittum PJ, Weidman R, Weber DC, Williamson RC, Villani MG - J. Insect Sci. (2006)

P. forsteri• = catch sites, n = 141 beetlesShaded areas = distributions from Luginbill and Painter, 1953
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2990335&req=5

i1536-2442-6-39-1-f21: P. forsteri• = catch sites, n = 141 beetlesShaded areas = distributions from Luginbill and Painter, 1953
Mentions: 7 see Figures 11, 73a and 73b, P. crassissima; Figures 12 and 74, P. crenulata; Figures 17, 79a and 79b, P. drakei; Figures 20 and 82, P. forbesi; Figures 21, 83a, 83b, and 83c, P. forsteri; Figures 23, 85a and 85b, P. fraterna; Figures 24, 87a, 87b, 87c, and 87d, P. fusca; Figures 25, 88a, 88b, 88c, and 88d, P. futilis; Figures 27 and 90, P. glaberrima; Figures 29 and 92, P. gracilis; Figures 31 and 94, P. hirsuta; Figures 32 and 95, P. hirticula; Figures 33 and 96, P. hirtiventris; Figures 36 and 99, P. inversa; Figures 40 and 103, P. longispina; Figures 41 and 104, P. lota; Figures 43 and 106, P. marginalis; Figures 45 and 108, P. micans; Figures 47 and 110, P. nitida; Figures 49 and 112, P. perlonga; Figures 50 and 113, P. postrema; Figures 51 and 114, P. praetermissa; Figures 53 and 116, P. quercus; Figures 54 and 117, P. rubiginosa; Figures 55, 118a and 118b, P. rugosa; Figures 58 and 121, P. sylvatica; Figures 60 and 123, P. torta; Figures 61 and 124, P. ulkei; and Figures 63 and 126, P. vehemens

Bottom Line: Three major findings included: (1) widespread use of the two compounds [of the 147 Phyllophaga (sensu stricto) species found in the United States and Canada, males of nearly 40% were captured]; (2) in most species intraspecific male response to the pheromone blends was stable between years and over geography; and (3) an unusual pheromone polymorphism was described from P. anxia.At additional locations, the L-valine methyl ester-responding populations and the L-isoleucine methyl ester-responding populations were both present, producing a bimodal capture curve.In southeastern Massachusetts and in Rhode Island, in the United States, P. anxia males were captured with blends of L-valine methyl ester and L-isoleucine methyl ester.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Cornell University, New York State Agriculture Experiment Station, Geneva, NY, USA. psr1@cornell.edu

ABSTRACT
The sex pheromone of the scarab beetle, Phyllophaga anxia, is a blend of the methyl esters of two amino acids, L-valine and L-isoleucine. A field trapping study was conducted, deploying different blends of the two compounds at 59 locations in the United States and Canada. More than 57,000 males of 61 Phyllophaga species (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae) were captured and identified. Three major findings included: (1) widespread use of the two compounds [of the 147 Phyllophaga (sensu stricto) species found in the United States and Canada, males of nearly 40% were captured]; (2) in most species intraspecific male response to the pheromone blends was stable between years and over geography; and (3) an unusual pheromone polymorphism was described from P. anxia. Populations at some locations were captured with L-valine methyl ester alone, whereas populations at other locations were captured with L-isoleucine methyl ester alone. At additional locations, the L-valine methyl ester-responding populations and the L-isoleucine methyl ester-responding populations were both present, producing a bimodal capture curve. In southeastern Massachusetts and in Rhode Island, in the United States, P. anxia males were captured with blends of L-valine methyl ester and L-isoleucine methyl ester.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus