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Quantification of tear proteins and sPLA2-IIa alteration in patients with allergic conjunctivitis.

Li K, Liu X, Chen Z, Huang Q, Wu K - Mol. Vis. (2010)

Bottom Line: The quantity of tear protein band 4 (serum albumin precursor), band 6 (Ig gamma-2), band 9 (leukocyte elastase inhibitor) were also significantly higher in AC patients (p<0.05).In addition, the content of sPLA2-IIa in tears of SAC and PAC patients was elevated.The tear protein changes in SAC and PAC patients may contribute to instability of tear film.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Allergic conjunctivitis (AC) has been reported to induce the instability of the tear film. The tear protein and the lipid layer play important roles in maintaining the tear film. The aim of this study was to quantify the alteration of the major tear protein components and a lipid related protein secretory type IIa phospholipase A2 (sPLA2-IIa) in tears of seasonal allergic conjunctivitis (SAC) and perennial allergic conjunctivitis (PAC) patients.

Methods: Twenty-one SAC and PAC patients and thirteen normal controls completed a symptom questionnaire and underwent regular ocular examination. SAC and PAC patients were diagnosed based on the clinical presentation and elevated serum IgE levels. Schirmer test paper was used to collect tear samples from SAC and PAC patients and normal controls. Soybean trypsin inhibitor (SBTI) was used as an internal standard to analyze tear samples in 15% SDS-PAGE gel. Total tear protein and its major components from the SAC and PAC patients and normal controls were quantified by band densitometry. The major tear protein bands were determined by MALDI-TOF/TOF spectrum analysis. Western blot was used to detect the content of sPLA2-IIa in tears of allergic conjunctivitis patients and normal controls.

Results: Schirmer test scores were more than 10 mm in all the SAC and PAC patients and control subjects. The tear film breakup time of SAC and PAC patients was much shorter than that of the normal controls. We obtained 15 bands of tear protein by one dimensional SDS-PAGE, in which 14 bands were determined by mass-spectrum analysis. The band densitometry analysis revealed that the total tear protein concentration was much higher in SAC and PAC patients than in normal controls (p<0.05). The quantity of tear protein band 4 (serum albumin precursor), band 6 (Ig gamma-2), band 9 (leukocyte elastase inhibitor) were also significantly higher in AC patients (p<0.05). Content of sPLA2-IIa, as shown by western blot, was much higher in AC patients than in controls.

Conclusions: The total tear protein concentration and some of the major tear protein components was increased in tears of SAC and PAC patients. In addition, the content of sPLA2-IIa in tears of SAC and PAC patients was elevated. The tear protein changes in SAC and PAC patients may contribute to instability of tear film.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Quantification of sPLA2-IIa in tears of allergic conjunctivitis patients and normal controls. A: SDS–PAGE of tear samples with SBTI as an internal standard. B: western blot of sPLA2-IIa in corresponding tear samples. Lanes 1–4 were from the normal controls and lanes 5–8 were from the allergic conjunctivitis patients. C: The first two columns standard for the densitometric value of sPLA2-IIa band. SUM (the total tear protein concentration) was the sum of individual bands, determined by SDS–PAGE with SBTI as an internal standard. sPLA2-IIa / SUM means the relative content of sPLA2-IIa in per unit mass of tear protein. Statistical significant differences were marked by an asterisk.
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f3: Quantification of sPLA2-IIa in tears of allergic conjunctivitis patients and normal controls. A: SDS–PAGE of tear samples with SBTI as an internal standard. B: western blot of sPLA2-IIa in corresponding tear samples. Lanes 1–4 were from the normal controls and lanes 5–8 were from the allergic conjunctivitis patients. C: The first two columns standard for the densitometric value of sPLA2-IIa band. SUM (the total tear protein concentration) was the sum of individual bands, determined by SDS–PAGE with SBTI as an internal standard. sPLA2-IIa / SUM means the relative content of sPLA2-IIa in per unit mass of tear protein. Statistical significant differences were marked by an asterisk.

Mentions: Western blot analysis showed the expression of sPLA2-IIa in tears. In isovolumetric tears, the content of sPLA2-IIa in SAC and PAC patients was increased compared to that of the normal controls (Figure 3; p<0.05). Considering the differences in total tear protein concentration between individuals, we calculated the densitometric value of sPLA2-IIa in per unit mass of tear protein by dividing the densitometric value of sPLA2-IIa band by the corresponding total tear protein concentration. This enabled accurate quantification of sPLA2-IIa and accurate comparison between the two groups. The result still showed that the content of sPLA2-IIa in tears of AC patients (2591.84±2007.49) was higher than that of the normal controls (1016.25±1013.17, p=0.017).


Quantification of tear proteins and sPLA2-IIa alteration in patients with allergic conjunctivitis.

Li K, Liu X, Chen Z, Huang Q, Wu K - Mol. Vis. (2010)

Quantification of sPLA2-IIa in tears of allergic conjunctivitis patients and normal controls. A: SDS–PAGE of tear samples with SBTI as an internal standard. B: western blot of sPLA2-IIa in corresponding tear samples. Lanes 1–4 were from the normal controls and lanes 5–8 were from the allergic conjunctivitis patients. C: The first two columns standard for the densitometric value of sPLA2-IIa band. SUM (the total tear protein concentration) was the sum of individual bands, determined by SDS–PAGE with SBTI as an internal standard. sPLA2-IIa / SUM means the relative content of sPLA2-IIa in per unit mass of tear protein. Statistical significant differences were marked by an asterisk.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2965574&req=5

f3: Quantification of sPLA2-IIa in tears of allergic conjunctivitis patients and normal controls. A: SDS–PAGE of tear samples with SBTI as an internal standard. B: western blot of sPLA2-IIa in corresponding tear samples. Lanes 1–4 were from the normal controls and lanes 5–8 were from the allergic conjunctivitis patients. C: The first two columns standard for the densitometric value of sPLA2-IIa band. SUM (the total tear protein concentration) was the sum of individual bands, determined by SDS–PAGE with SBTI as an internal standard. sPLA2-IIa / SUM means the relative content of sPLA2-IIa in per unit mass of tear protein. Statistical significant differences were marked by an asterisk.
Mentions: Western blot analysis showed the expression of sPLA2-IIa in tears. In isovolumetric tears, the content of sPLA2-IIa in SAC and PAC patients was increased compared to that of the normal controls (Figure 3; p<0.05). Considering the differences in total tear protein concentration between individuals, we calculated the densitometric value of sPLA2-IIa in per unit mass of tear protein by dividing the densitometric value of sPLA2-IIa band by the corresponding total tear protein concentration. This enabled accurate quantification of sPLA2-IIa and accurate comparison between the two groups. The result still showed that the content of sPLA2-IIa in tears of AC patients (2591.84±2007.49) was higher than that of the normal controls (1016.25±1013.17, p=0.017).

Bottom Line: The quantity of tear protein band 4 (serum albumin precursor), band 6 (Ig gamma-2), band 9 (leukocyte elastase inhibitor) were also significantly higher in AC patients (p<0.05).In addition, the content of sPLA2-IIa in tears of SAC and PAC patients was elevated.The tear protein changes in SAC and PAC patients may contribute to instability of tear film.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Allergic conjunctivitis (AC) has been reported to induce the instability of the tear film. The tear protein and the lipid layer play important roles in maintaining the tear film. The aim of this study was to quantify the alteration of the major tear protein components and a lipid related protein secretory type IIa phospholipase A2 (sPLA2-IIa) in tears of seasonal allergic conjunctivitis (SAC) and perennial allergic conjunctivitis (PAC) patients.

Methods: Twenty-one SAC and PAC patients and thirteen normal controls completed a symptom questionnaire and underwent regular ocular examination. SAC and PAC patients were diagnosed based on the clinical presentation and elevated serum IgE levels. Schirmer test paper was used to collect tear samples from SAC and PAC patients and normal controls. Soybean trypsin inhibitor (SBTI) was used as an internal standard to analyze tear samples in 15% SDS-PAGE gel. Total tear protein and its major components from the SAC and PAC patients and normal controls were quantified by band densitometry. The major tear protein bands were determined by MALDI-TOF/TOF spectrum analysis. Western blot was used to detect the content of sPLA2-IIa in tears of allergic conjunctivitis patients and normal controls.

Results: Schirmer test scores were more than 10 mm in all the SAC and PAC patients and control subjects. The tear film breakup time of SAC and PAC patients was much shorter than that of the normal controls. We obtained 15 bands of tear protein by one dimensional SDS-PAGE, in which 14 bands were determined by mass-spectrum analysis. The band densitometry analysis revealed that the total tear protein concentration was much higher in SAC and PAC patients than in normal controls (p<0.05). The quantity of tear protein band 4 (serum albumin precursor), band 6 (Ig gamma-2), band 9 (leukocyte elastase inhibitor) were also significantly higher in AC patients (p<0.05). Content of sPLA2-IIa, as shown by western blot, was much higher in AC patients than in controls.

Conclusions: The total tear protein concentration and some of the major tear protein components was increased in tears of SAC and PAC patients. In addition, the content of sPLA2-IIa in tears of SAC and PAC patients was elevated. The tear protein changes in SAC and PAC patients may contribute to instability of tear film.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus