Limits...
Pictorial Essay: Infants of diabetic mothers.

Alorainy IA, Barlas NB, Al-Boukai AA - Indian J Radiol Imaging (2010)

Bottom Line: Maternal diabetes results in significantly greater risk for antenatal, perinatal, and neonatal morbidity and mortality, as well as congenital malformations.Timely, accurate, and proper radiological evaluation can reduce morbidity and mortality in these infants.The purpose of this essay is to illustrate the imaging findings in the various pathological conditions involving the major body systems in the offspring of women with diabetes.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Diagnostic Radiology, King Saud University, College of Medicine and King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

ABSTRACT
About 3 to 10% of pregnancies are complicated by glycemic control abnormalities. Maternal diabetes results in significantly greater risk for antenatal, perinatal, and neonatal morbidity and mortality, as well as congenital malformations. The number of diabetic mothers is expected to rise, as more and more of the obese pediatric female population in developed and some developing countries progresses to childbearing age. Radiologists, being part of the teams managing such pregnancies, should be well aware of the findings that may be encountered in infants of diabetic mothers. Timely, accurate, and proper radiological evaluation can reduce morbidity and mortality in these infants. The purpose of this essay is to illustrate the imaging findings in the various pathological conditions involving the major body systems in the offspring of women with diabetes.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS): Portable frontal chest radiograph on day 2 (A) shows reticulogranular opacities throughout both lungs with prominent air bronchograms. The cardiac silhouette is preserved and both lungs are hypoaerated. Frontal radiograph of the chest on day 9 (B) shows more severe changes. There is obliteration of the cardiac and diaphragmatic contours due to marked opacification, giving a complete ‘white out’ appearance
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2963757&req=5

Figure 0006: Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS): Portable frontal chest radiograph on day 2 (A) shows reticulogranular opacities throughout both lungs with prominent air bronchograms. The cardiac silhouette is preserved and both lungs are hypoaerated. Frontal radiograph of the chest on day 9 (B) shows more severe changes. There is obliteration of the cardiac and diaphragmatic contours due to marked opacification, giving a complete ‘white out’ appearance

Mentions: The risk for hyaline membrane disease in IDMs is five- to six-fold greater than in infants of nondiabetic women.[11] Reticulonodular shadowing [Figure 6A] is the hallmark of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). Hypoaeration and air bronchograms are common. A normal chest radiograph at the age of 6 hours of life virtually rules out RDS.[12] Severe RDS, which may lead to death, is characterized by diffuse alveolar opacities [Figure 6B].


Pictorial Essay: Infants of diabetic mothers.

Alorainy IA, Barlas NB, Al-Boukai AA - Indian J Radiol Imaging (2010)

Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS): Portable frontal chest radiograph on day 2 (A) shows reticulogranular opacities throughout both lungs with prominent air bronchograms. The cardiac silhouette is preserved and both lungs are hypoaerated. Frontal radiograph of the chest on day 9 (B) shows more severe changes. There is obliteration of the cardiac and diaphragmatic contours due to marked opacification, giving a complete ‘white out’ appearance
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2963757&req=5

Figure 0006: Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS): Portable frontal chest radiograph on day 2 (A) shows reticulogranular opacities throughout both lungs with prominent air bronchograms. The cardiac silhouette is preserved and both lungs are hypoaerated. Frontal radiograph of the chest on day 9 (B) shows more severe changes. There is obliteration of the cardiac and diaphragmatic contours due to marked opacification, giving a complete ‘white out’ appearance
Mentions: The risk for hyaline membrane disease in IDMs is five- to six-fold greater than in infants of nondiabetic women.[11] Reticulonodular shadowing [Figure 6A] is the hallmark of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). Hypoaeration and air bronchograms are common. A normal chest radiograph at the age of 6 hours of life virtually rules out RDS.[12] Severe RDS, which may lead to death, is characterized by diffuse alveolar opacities [Figure 6B].

Bottom Line: Maternal diabetes results in significantly greater risk for antenatal, perinatal, and neonatal morbidity and mortality, as well as congenital malformations.Timely, accurate, and proper radiological evaluation can reduce morbidity and mortality in these infants.The purpose of this essay is to illustrate the imaging findings in the various pathological conditions involving the major body systems in the offspring of women with diabetes.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Diagnostic Radiology, King Saud University, College of Medicine and King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

ABSTRACT
About 3 to 10% of pregnancies are complicated by glycemic control abnormalities. Maternal diabetes results in significantly greater risk for antenatal, perinatal, and neonatal morbidity and mortality, as well as congenital malformations. The number of diabetic mothers is expected to rise, as more and more of the obese pediatric female population in developed and some developing countries progresses to childbearing age. Radiologists, being part of the teams managing such pregnancies, should be well aware of the findings that may be encountered in infants of diabetic mothers. Timely, accurate, and proper radiological evaluation can reduce morbidity and mortality in these infants. The purpose of this essay is to illustrate the imaging findings in the various pathological conditions involving the major body systems in the offspring of women with diabetes.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus