Measuring torsional eye movements by tracking stable iris features.
Bottom Line: In this method, we track iris features that have been identified as Maximally Stable Volumes.These features, which are stable over time, are dark regions with bright borders that are steep in intensity.The advantage of Maximally Stable Volumes is that they are robust to nonuniform illumination and to large changes in eye and camera position.
Affiliation: Institute of Medical Device Engineering, FH OO Forschungs & Entwicklungs GmbH, Upper Austria University of Applied Sciences, Garnisonstr 21, 4020 Linz, Austria. email@example.comShow MeSH
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Mentions: Fig. 6a shows the position estimates from our torsional tracking method. Since it was not possible to directly obtain position estimates from the stepper motor, we also generated human estimates of torsional position by superimposing a target frame and reference frame, and then rotating the target frame until the features aligned. These human estimates, as well as the torsional estimates from cross-correlation, are also shown in Fig. 6a. Our results from feature tracking clearly show the oscillations of the stepper motor at the completion of each movement. The method is accurate at estimating the magnitude of each jump, even though each full movement occurred within the span of only five frames, meaning that we only obtained valid torsion estimates from a few large features. Note that the unequal step sizes produced by the stepper motor are caused by the torque induced by the cable attached to the gyroscopes. The difference between the torsional position estimates from our torsional tracking method and the human estimates had a mean of 0.02° and a standard deviation of 0.04°; this is comparable in size to the uncertainty of our human estimates (±0.1°).
Affiliation: Institute of Medical Device Engineering, FH OO Forschungs & Entwicklungs GmbH, Upper Austria University of Applied Sciences, Garnisonstr 21, 4020 Linz, Austria. firstname.lastname@example.org