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Health status and quality of life among older adults in rural Tanzania.

Mwanyangala MA, Mayombana C, Urassa H, Charles J, Mahutanga C, Abdullah S, Nathan R - Glob Health Action (2010)

Bottom Line: Among people aged 50 and over, having good quality of life and health status was significantly associated with being male, married and not being among the oldest old.Reports of good quality of life and well-being decreased with increasing age.Poor quality of life and well-being, and poor health status in older people were significantly associated with marital status, sex, age and level of education.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Ifakara Site Health Institute, Ifakara, Morogoro, Tanzania.

ABSTRACT

Background: Increasingly, human populations throughout the world are living longer and this trend is developing in sub-Saharan Africa. In developing African countries such as Tanzania, this demographic phenomenon is taking place against a background of poverty and poor health conditions. There has been limited research on how this process of ageing impacts upon the health of older people within such low-income settings.

Objective: The objective of this study is to describe the impacts of ageing on the health status, quality of life and well-being of older people in a rural population of Tanzania.

Design: A short version of the WHO Survey on Adult Health and Global Ageing questionnaire was used to collect information on the health status, quality of life and well-being of older adults living in Ifakara Health and Demographic Surveillance System, Tanzania, during early 2007. Questionnaires were administered through this framework to 8,206 people aged 50 and over.

Results: Among people aged 50 and over, having good quality of life and health status was significantly associated with being male, married and not being among the oldest old. Functional ability assessment was associated with age, with people reporting more difficulty in performing routine activities as age increased, particularly among women. Reports of good quality of life and well-being decreased with increasing age. Women were significantly more likely to report poor quality of life (odds ratio 1.31; p<0.001, 95% CI 1.15-1.50).

Conclusions: Older people within this rural Tanzanian setting reported that the ageing process had significant impacts on their health status, quality of life and physical ability. Poor quality of life and well-being, and poor health status in older people were significantly associated with marital status, sex, age and level of education. The process of ageing in this setting is challenging and raises public health concerns.

No MeSH data available.


Maps of Africa, Tanzania and the Ifakara HDSS area.
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Related In: Results  -  Collection

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Figure 0001: Maps of Africa, Tanzania and the Ifakara HDSS area.

Mentions: The Ifakara HDSS area is located in southern Tanzania in parts of the Kilombero and Ulanga districts, both in the Morogoro region (latitude 8.0°–8.6° S and longitude 35.9°–36.6° E), as shown in Fig. 1. The Ifakara DSS covers an area of 2,400 km2 in the Kilombero Valley.


Health status and quality of life among older adults in rural Tanzania.

Mwanyangala MA, Mayombana C, Urassa H, Charles J, Mahutanga C, Abdullah S, Nathan R - Glob Health Action (2010)

Maps of Africa, Tanzania and the Ifakara HDSS area.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2958089&req=5

Figure 0001: Maps of Africa, Tanzania and the Ifakara HDSS area.
Mentions: The Ifakara HDSS area is located in southern Tanzania in parts of the Kilombero and Ulanga districts, both in the Morogoro region (latitude 8.0°–8.6° S and longitude 35.9°–36.6° E), as shown in Fig. 1. The Ifakara DSS covers an area of 2,400 km2 in the Kilombero Valley.

Bottom Line: Among people aged 50 and over, having good quality of life and health status was significantly associated with being male, married and not being among the oldest old.Reports of good quality of life and well-being decreased with increasing age.Poor quality of life and well-being, and poor health status in older people were significantly associated with marital status, sex, age and level of education.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Ifakara Site Health Institute, Ifakara, Morogoro, Tanzania.

ABSTRACT

Background: Increasingly, human populations throughout the world are living longer and this trend is developing in sub-Saharan Africa. In developing African countries such as Tanzania, this demographic phenomenon is taking place against a background of poverty and poor health conditions. There has been limited research on how this process of ageing impacts upon the health of older people within such low-income settings.

Objective: The objective of this study is to describe the impacts of ageing on the health status, quality of life and well-being of older people in a rural population of Tanzania.

Design: A short version of the WHO Survey on Adult Health and Global Ageing questionnaire was used to collect information on the health status, quality of life and well-being of older adults living in Ifakara Health and Demographic Surveillance System, Tanzania, during early 2007. Questionnaires were administered through this framework to 8,206 people aged 50 and over.

Results: Among people aged 50 and over, having good quality of life and health status was significantly associated with being male, married and not being among the oldest old. Functional ability assessment was associated with age, with people reporting more difficulty in performing routine activities as age increased, particularly among women. Reports of good quality of life and well-being decreased with increasing age. Women were significantly more likely to report poor quality of life (odds ratio 1.31; p<0.001, 95% CI 1.15-1.50).

Conclusions: Older people within this rural Tanzanian setting reported that the ageing process had significant impacts on their health status, quality of life and physical ability. Poor quality of life and well-being, and poor health status in older people were significantly associated with marital status, sex, age and level of education. The process of ageing in this setting is challenging and raises public health concerns.

No MeSH data available.