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The effectiveness of music in pediatric healthcare: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials.

Treurnicht Naylor K, Kingsnorth S, Lamont A, McKeever P, Macarthur C - Evid Based Complement Alternat Med (2010)

Bottom Line: The aim of this study was to systematically review the effectiveness of music on pediatric health-related outcomes.Quantitative synthesis was hampered by an inability to aggregate data arising from heterogeneity of interventions, outcomes and measurement tools.Recommendations for establishing a consensus on research priorities and addressing methodological limitations are put forth to support the continued advancement of this popular intervention.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Bloorview Research Institute, Holland Bloorview Kids Rehabilitation Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada M4G 1R8.

ABSTRACT
The aim of this study was to systematically review the effectiveness of music on pediatric health-related outcomes. Five electronic databases were searched for randomized controlled/crossover trial designs published between 1984 and 2009. Eligible studies used music as a therapy or intervention, included participants 1 to 18 years, and focused on at least one health-related outcome (with the exclusion of procedural pain). Seventeen studies met the inclusion criteria. Quantitative synthesis was hampered by an inability to aggregate data arising from heterogeneity of interventions, outcomes and measurement tools. Qualitative synthesis revealed significant improvements in one or more health outcomes within four of seven trials involving children with learning and developmental disorders; two of three trials involving children experiencing stressful life events; and four of five trials involving children with acute and/or chronic physical illness. No significant effects were found for two trials involving children with mood disorders and related psychopathology. These findings offer limited qualitative evidence to support the effectiveness of music on health-related outcomes for children and adolescents with clinical diagnoses. Recommendations for establishing a consensus on research priorities and addressing methodological limitations are put forth to support the continued advancement of this popular intervention.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Example of series of keywords and descriptors used to search the Ovid Medline database.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection


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fig1: Example of series of keywords and descriptors used to search the Ovid Medline database.

Mentions: The search strategy and database selection were developed through consultation with a research librarian. The search strategy contained a broad series of subject headings and keywords relating to music or music therapy and outcome-driven research design. Previously published meta-analyses were also reviewed to guide the development of the search strategy and identify pertinent publications [12, 14, 16–18]. The following international electronic databases were searched on the 4th March 2009: Ovid Medline (Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online), 1950 to February, Week 3, 2009; Embase, 1980–2009, week 9; PsycInfo, 1967 to February, Week 4 2009; AMED (Allied and Complementary Medicine), 1985–February 2009; and CINAHL (Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature), 1983–2008. There were no language restrictions. The search was limited to the time period 1984–2009 inclusive and by age (0–18 years) using filters unique to each database. An example of the search strategy is provided in Figure 1; minor modifications were made as required within individual databases.


The effectiveness of music in pediatric healthcare: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials.

Treurnicht Naylor K, Kingsnorth S, Lamont A, McKeever P, Macarthur C - Evid Based Complement Alternat Med (2010)

Example of series of keywords and descriptors used to search the Ovid Medline database.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2957635&req=5

fig1: Example of series of keywords and descriptors used to search the Ovid Medline database.
Mentions: The search strategy and database selection were developed through consultation with a research librarian. The search strategy contained a broad series of subject headings and keywords relating to music or music therapy and outcome-driven research design. Previously published meta-analyses were also reviewed to guide the development of the search strategy and identify pertinent publications [12, 14, 16–18]. The following international electronic databases were searched on the 4th March 2009: Ovid Medline (Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online), 1950 to February, Week 3, 2009; Embase, 1980–2009, week 9; PsycInfo, 1967 to February, Week 4 2009; AMED (Allied and Complementary Medicine), 1985–February 2009; and CINAHL (Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature), 1983–2008. There were no language restrictions. The search was limited to the time period 1984–2009 inclusive and by age (0–18 years) using filters unique to each database. An example of the search strategy is provided in Figure 1; minor modifications were made as required within individual databases.

Bottom Line: The aim of this study was to systematically review the effectiveness of music on pediatric health-related outcomes.Quantitative synthesis was hampered by an inability to aggregate data arising from heterogeneity of interventions, outcomes and measurement tools.Recommendations for establishing a consensus on research priorities and addressing methodological limitations are put forth to support the continued advancement of this popular intervention.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Bloorview Research Institute, Holland Bloorview Kids Rehabilitation Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada M4G 1R8.

ABSTRACT
The aim of this study was to systematically review the effectiveness of music on pediatric health-related outcomes. Five electronic databases were searched for randomized controlled/crossover trial designs published between 1984 and 2009. Eligible studies used music as a therapy or intervention, included participants 1 to 18 years, and focused on at least one health-related outcome (with the exclusion of procedural pain). Seventeen studies met the inclusion criteria. Quantitative synthesis was hampered by an inability to aggregate data arising from heterogeneity of interventions, outcomes and measurement tools. Qualitative synthesis revealed significant improvements in one or more health outcomes within four of seven trials involving children with learning and developmental disorders; two of three trials involving children experiencing stressful life events; and four of five trials involving children with acute and/or chronic physical illness. No significant effects were found for two trials involving children with mood disorders and related psychopathology. These findings offer limited qualitative evidence to support the effectiveness of music on health-related outcomes for children and adolescents with clinical diagnoses. Recommendations for establishing a consensus on research priorities and addressing methodological limitations are put forth to support the continued advancement of this popular intervention.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus