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Validation of a French version of the Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory - short version: relationships between mindfulness and stress in an adult population.

Trousselard M, Steiler D, Raphel C, Cian C, Duymedjian R, Claverie D, Canini F - Biopsychosoc Med (2010)

Bottom Line: Results were comparable to results of the original short version.The data also highlighted the relationship between mindfulness and stress in an adult population.Mindfulness appears to reduce negative appraisals of challenging or threatening events.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Département des Facteurs Humains, Centre de recherches du service de santé des Armées, 24 avenue des maquis du Grésivaudan, BP 87, 38702 La Tronche cedex, France. marion.trousselard@gmail.com.

ABSTRACT

Background: Whereas interest in incorporating mindfulness into interventions in medicine is growing, data on the relationships of mindfulness to stress and coping in management is still scarce. This report first presents a French validation of the Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory-short form (FMI) in a middle-aged working population. Secondly, it investigates the relationship between psychological adjustment and mindfulness.

Methods: Five hundred and six non-clinical middle-aged working individuals rated themselves on the self-report French version FMI and completed measures of psychological constructs potentially related to mindfulness levels.

Results: Results were comparable to results of the original short version. Internal consistency of the scale based on the one-factor solution was .74, and test-retest reliability was good. The one-dimensional solution as the alternative to the two-factor structure solution yielded suboptimal fit indices. Correlations also indicated that individuals scoring high on mindfulness are prone to stress tolerance, positive affects and higher self-efficacy. Furthermore, subjects with no reports of stressful events were higher on mindfulness.

Conclusion: These data showed that mindfulness can be measured validly and reliably with the proposed French version of the FMI. The data also highlighted the relationship between mindfulness and stress in an adult population. Mindfulness appears to reduce negative appraisals of challenging or threatening events.

No MeSH data available.


Confirmatory factor analysis for FMI (full scale-14 items) - two-unidimensional solution (N = 506) suggested by Kohls et al. (2009; 19).
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Figure 2: Confirmatory factor analysis for FMI (full scale-14 items) - two-unidimensional solution (N = 506) suggested by Kohls et al. (2009; 19).

Mentions: In a second step, two Confirmatory Factorial Analyses (CFA) using maximum likelihood were undertaken on item responses from the population sample to test the appropriateness of the Structural Equation Models (SEM): one for the one-factor solution structure (Figure 1) and an alternative for the two-factor structure solution (Figure 2). To assess fit, it is generally recognized that it is advantageous to use several indexes per construct [30]. Four measures were used to assess fit in the present study: chi-square/degree of freedom ratio (CMINI/df), Goodness of Fit Index (GFI), Adjusted Goodness of Fit Index (AGFI) and Root Mean Square of Approximation (RMSEA), with their desired levels being < 3, > 0.9, > .85 and <.06 respectively. Both the one and two-factor solutions yielded good fit indices for GFI (.92 for both the one and the two-factor models) and AGFI (.90 and .89 respectively for the one factor model and the two-factor model). But, indices for CMINI/df (.4.1 and 3.55 respectively for the one factor model and the two-factor model) and RMSEA (.07 for both the one and two-factor models) were slightly above the limit suggested [37]. All items loaded > .05 onto the single factor for the one factor solution except items 2, 3, 13. For the two-factor solution, all items loaded > .05, except item 13, and 14 (sub-factor Presence).


Validation of a French version of the Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory - short version: relationships between mindfulness and stress in an adult population.

Trousselard M, Steiler D, Raphel C, Cian C, Duymedjian R, Claverie D, Canini F - Biopsychosoc Med (2010)

Confirmatory factor analysis for FMI (full scale-14 items) - two-unidimensional solution (N = 506) suggested by Kohls et al. (2009; 19).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2927476&req=5

Figure 2: Confirmatory factor analysis for FMI (full scale-14 items) - two-unidimensional solution (N = 506) suggested by Kohls et al. (2009; 19).
Mentions: In a second step, two Confirmatory Factorial Analyses (CFA) using maximum likelihood were undertaken on item responses from the population sample to test the appropriateness of the Structural Equation Models (SEM): one for the one-factor solution structure (Figure 1) and an alternative for the two-factor structure solution (Figure 2). To assess fit, it is generally recognized that it is advantageous to use several indexes per construct [30]. Four measures were used to assess fit in the present study: chi-square/degree of freedom ratio (CMINI/df), Goodness of Fit Index (GFI), Adjusted Goodness of Fit Index (AGFI) and Root Mean Square of Approximation (RMSEA), with their desired levels being < 3, > 0.9, > .85 and <.06 respectively. Both the one and two-factor solutions yielded good fit indices for GFI (.92 for both the one and the two-factor models) and AGFI (.90 and .89 respectively for the one factor model and the two-factor model). But, indices for CMINI/df (.4.1 and 3.55 respectively for the one factor model and the two-factor model) and RMSEA (.07 for both the one and two-factor models) were slightly above the limit suggested [37]. All items loaded > .05 onto the single factor for the one factor solution except items 2, 3, 13. For the two-factor solution, all items loaded > .05, except item 13, and 14 (sub-factor Presence).

Bottom Line: Results were comparable to results of the original short version.The data also highlighted the relationship between mindfulness and stress in an adult population.Mindfulness appears to reduce negative appraisals of challenging or threatening events.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Département des Facteurs Humains, Centre de recherches du service de santé des Armées, 24 avenue des maquis du Grésivaudan, BP 87, 38702 La Tronche cedex, France. marion.trousselard@gmail.com.

ABSTRACT

Background: Whereas interest in incorporating mindfulness into interventions in medicine is growing, data on the relationships of mindfulness to stress and coping in management is still scarce. This report first presents a French validation of the Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory-short form (FMI) in a middle-aged working population. Secondly, it investigates the relationship between psychological adjustment and mindfulness.

Methods: Five hundred and six non-clinical middle-aged working individuals rated themselves on the self-report French version FMI and completed measures of psychological constructs potentially related to mindfulness levels.

Results: Results were comparable to results of the original short version. Internal consistency of the scale based on the one-factor solution was .74, and test-retest reliability was good. The one-dimensional solution as the alternative to the two-factor structure solution yielded suboptimal fit indices. Correlations also indicated that individuals scoring high on mindfulness are prone to stress tolerance, positive affects and higher self-efficacy. Furthermore, subjects with no reports of stressful events were higher on mindfulness.

Conclusion: These data showed that mindfulness can be measured validly and reliably with the proposed French version of the FMI. The data also highlighted the relationship between mindfulness and stress in an adult population. Mindfulness appears to reduce negative appraisals of challenging or threatening events.

No MeSH data available.