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Geographic Distribution of Childbirth among Adolescents in Cameroon from 2003 to 2005.

Tebeu PM, Kemfang JD, Sandjong DI, Kongnyuy E, Halle G, Doh AS - Obstet Gynecol Int (2010)

Bottom Line: Results.The contribution of adolescents to deliveries decreased significantly over 3 years (P < .0001).Conclusion.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Ligue d'Initiative et de Recherche Active pour la Santé et l'Education de la Femme (LIRASEF), Cameroon.

ABSTRACT
Objective. To determine the frequency and the trend of adolescents (10-19 years) in childbirth within a period of 3 years in referral maternity units in Cameroon. Method. Descriptive and retrospective study for a 3-year period (2003-2005) in referral maternity units headed by a qualified Obstetrician-Gynecologist. We analyzed the trend and geographic distribution of 8222 adolescent deliveries over 3 years. Epi Info 3.5 software was used for data analysis. Chi square test for trend was used to assess the contribution of adolescent deliveries over years. The trend was considered significant if P < .05. Results. During the period of the study, there was a total of 8387 deliveries. We excluded 165 women because of lack of information about age. We therefore included a total of 8222 adolescent deliveries. Overall, the contribution of adolescents to deliveries ranged from 6.87% to 26.51%, depending on the region with a national mean of 14.23%. Adolescents aged 16 or less contributed to 2.82% of deliveries while those aged from 17 to 19 contributed to 11.41%. The contribution of adolescents to deliveries decreased significantly over 3 years (P < .0001). Conclusion. The study underscores the importance of Public Health programs in strengthening maternity services for adolescents in Cameroon while taking into consideration geographic differences.

No MeSH data available.


Regional presentation of Cameroon.
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Related In: Results  -  Collection


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fig1: Regional presentation of Cameroon.

Mentions: We included referral maternity units supervised by Obstetrician-Gynecologist in the 10 regions of Cameroon. We identified referral maternity units by region: Centre (General Hospital, Gynaeco-Obstetric and Pediatric Hospital, University Hospital Centre, Yaoundé Central Hospital), Littoral (General Hospital, Laquintinie Hospital), South (Ebolowa Provincial Hospital, Nsangmelima District Hospital), West (Bafoussam Provincial Hospital), North West (Bamenda Provincial Hospital), South West (Limbe Provincial Hospital, Assimilated Provincial Hospital of Buea), East (Bertoua Provincial Hospital), Adamaoua (Ngaoundere Provincial Hospital), North (Garoua Provincial Hospital), and Far North (Maroua Provincial Hospital). We excluded Buea and Bertoua Provincial Hospitals for insufficient data during the period of study. We therefore analyzed data of 14 referral hospitals from ten regions of the Country (Figure 1).


Geographic Distribution of Childbirth among Adolescents in Cameroon from 2003 to 2005.

Tebeu PM, Kemfang JD, Sandjong DI, Kongnyuy E, Halle G, Doh AS - Obstet Gynecol Int (2010)

Regional presentation of Cameroon.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2926687&req=5

fig1: Regional presentation of Cameroon.
Mentions: We included referral maternity units supervised by Obstetrician-Gynecologist in the 10 regions of Cameroon. We identified referral maternity units by region: Centre (General Hospital, Gynaeco-Obstetric and Pediatric Hospital, University Hospital Centre, Yaoundé Central Hospital), Littoral (General Hospital, Laquintinie Hospital), South (Ebolowa Provincial Hospital, Nsangmelima District Hospital), West (Bafoussam Provincial Hospital), North West (Bamenda Provincial Hospital), South West (Limbe Provincial Hospital, Assimilated Provincial Hospital of Buea), East (Bertoua Provincial Hospital), Adamaoua (Ngaoundere Provincial Hospital), North (Garoua Provincial Hospital), and Far North (Maroua Provincial Hospital). We excluded Buea and Bertoua Provincial Hospitals for insufficient data during the period of study. We therefore analyzed data of 14 referral hospitals from ten regions of the Country (Figure 1).

Bottom Line: Results.The contribution of adolescents to deliveries decreased significantly over 3 years (P < .0001).Conclusion.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Ligue d'Initiative et de Recherche Active pour la Santé et l'Education de la Femme (LIRASEF), Cameroon.

ABSTRACT
Objective. To determine the frequency and the trend of adolescents (10-19 years) in childbirth within a period of 3 years in referral maternity units in Cameroon. Method. Descriptive and retrospective study for a 3-year period (2003-2005) in referral maternity units headed by a qualified Obstetrician-Gynecologist. We analyzed the trend and geographic distribution of 8222 adolescent deliveries over 3 years. Epi Info 3.5 software was used for data analysis. Chi square test for trend was used to assess the contribution of adolescent deliveries over years. The trend was considered significant if P < .05. Results. During the period of the study, there was a total of 8387 deliveries. We excluded 165 women because of lack of information about age. We therefore included a total of 8222 adolescent deliveries. Overall, the contribution of adolescents to deliveries ranged from 6.87% to 26.51%, depending on the region with a national mean of 14.23%. Adolescents aged 16 or less contributed to 2.82% of deliveries while those aged from 17 to 19 contributed to 11.41%. The contribution of adolescents to deliveries decreased significantly over 3 years (P < .0001). Conclusion. The study underscores the importance of Public Health programs in strengthening maternity services for adolescents in Cameroon while taking into consideration geographic differences.

No MeSH data available.