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Variability of Quality of Life at Small Scales: Addis Ababa, Kirkos Sub-City.

Tesfazghi ES, Martinez JA, Verplanke JJ - Soc Indic Res (2009)

Bottom Line: The results reveal that the lower the QoL in the Kebele, the larger the variability of QoL within the Kebele.The results reveal the presence of QoL variability at small scales.Such results suggest that the two measures do not always indicate the same level of QoL.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT
Urban quality of life (QoL) is becoming a subject of urban research mainly for western and Asian countries. Such attention is due to an increasing awareness of the contribution of QoL studies in identifying intervention areas and in monitoring urban planning policies. However, most studies are carried out at city or country level that can average out details at small scales. In this paper we present a case study where the urban QoL at small scale is measured and its variability is evaluated for Kirkos sub-city of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The study is based on data from a household survey and some secondary data. Geographic information system (GIS) is applied to extract proximity information (e.g., distance to school facilities) and visualize the spatial distribution of QoL. Statistical methods such as factor analysis are applied to establish an index of objective QoL while coefficient of variation is applied to evaluate spatial variability of subjective QoL. The results of this study reveal that the subjective quality of life (QoL) scores show large variation in the sub-city. The mean QoL score also indicates that the respondents in the sub-city, on average, are dissatisfied with the quality of their life. Respondents with higher education level and income are on average, however, more satisfied with their QoL in the sub-city. The results reveal that the lower the QoL in the Kebele, the larger the variability of QoL within the Kebele. Such indicates how aggregation at large scale can average out the variation of QoL at small scales. The results reveal the presence of QoL variability at small scales. The comparison between the subjective and the objective QoL at Kebele level indicated a state of dissonance, adaptation, deprivation or well-being. Such results suggest that the two measures do not always indicate the same level of QoL.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

The combined effect of subjective and objective QoL in Kirkos sub-city
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Fig6: The combined effect of subjective and objective QoL in Kirkos sub-city

Mentions: The map in Fig. 6 shows the distribution of the QoL depending on whether the subjective and the objective QoL in Kirkos sub-city are good or bad. Although the objective living condition in Kebele 11/12 is bad, the individual’s perception of the living condition in that Kebele is good. In terms of QoL, we can say that there is adaptation in Kebele 11/12. The objective QoL in this Kebele is low mainly due to the fact that the Kebele is overcrowded and it has low level of housing conditions compared to other Kebeles. The subjective QoL of this Kebele is high compared to the objective QoL probably due to the fact that the respondents are satisfied with some of the domains of life. For instance, the respondents in this Kebele, expressed satisfaction with housing, built-environment, neighbourhood safety, access to public services and social connectedness.Fig. 6


Variability of Quality of Life at Small Scales: Addis Ababa, Kirkos Sub-City.

Tesfazghi ES, Martinez JA, Verplanke JJ - Soc Indic Res (2009)

The combined effect of subjective and objective QoL in Kirkos sub-city
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2914865&req=5

Fig6: The combined effect of subjective and objective QoL in Kirkos sub-city
Mentions: The map in Fig. 6 shows the distribution of the QoL depending on whether the subjective and the objective QoL in Kirkos sub-city are good or bad. Although the objective living condition in Kebele 11/12 is bad, the individual’s perception of the living condition in that Kebele is good. In terms of QoL, we can say that there is adaptation in Kebele 11/12. The objective QoL in this Kebele is low mainly due to the fact that the Kebele is overcrowded and it has low level of housing conditions compared to other Kebeles. The subjective QoL of this Kebele is high compared to the objective QoL probably due to the fact that the respondents are satisfied with some of the domains of life. For instance, the respondents in this Kebele, expressed satisfaction with housing, built-environment, neighbourhood safety, access to public services and social connectedness.Fig. 6

Bottom Line: The results reveal that the lower the QoL in the Kebele, the larger the variability of QoL within the Kebele.The results reveal the presence of QoL variability at small scales.Such results suggest that the two measures do not always indicate the same level of QoL.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT
Urban quality of life (QoL) is becoming a subject of urban research mainly for western and Asian countries. Such attention is due to an increasing awareness of the contribution of QoL studies in identifying intervention areas and in monitoring urban planning policies. However, most studies are carried out at city or country level that can average out details at small scales. In this paper we present a case study where the urban QoL at small scale is measured and its variability is evaluated for Kirkos sub-city of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The study is based on data from a household survey and some secondary data. Geographic information system (GIS) is applied to extract proximity information (e.g., distance to school facilities) and visualize the spatial distribution of QoL. Statistical methods such as factor analysis are applied to establish an index of objective QoL while coefficient of variation is applied to evaluate spatial variability of subjective QoL. The results of this study reveal that the subjective quality of life (QoL) scores show large variation in the sub-city. The mean QoL score also indicates that the respondents in the sub-city, on average, are dissatisfied with the quality of their life. Respondents with higher education level and income are on average, however, more satisfied with their QoL in the sub-city. The results reveal that the lower the QoL in the Kebele, the larger the variability of QoL within the Kebele. Such indicates how aggregation at large scale can average out the variation of QoL at small scales. The results reveal the presence of QoL variability at small scales. The comparison between the subjective and the objective QoL at Kebele level indicated a state of dissonance, adaptation, deprivation or well-being. Such results suggest that the two measures do not always indicate the same level of QoL.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus