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Maladaptive behaviors are linked with inefficient sleep in individuals with developmental disabilities.

Lenjavi MR, Ahuja MA, Touchette PE, Sandman CA - J Neurodev Disord (2010)

Bottom Line: Efficient sleep patterns were significantly associated with lower frequencies of maladaptive behaviors.All lagged cross-correlations 8 days before and 8 days after an evening of sleep were significant.These findings suggested that inefficient sleep was associated with increased maladaptive behaviors and that the lagged associations reflected a chronic but not an acute linkage between sleep and behavior.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT
The purpose of the current study was to assess the relations between nightly sleep patterns and the frequency of daily maladaptive behavior. Antecedent and consequential relations between sleep patterns and behavior were evaluated with time series analysis. Sleep efficiency and maladaptive behavior were determined for 20 female residents of an institutional care facility for adults with developmental disabilities. Daily maladaptive behavioral data and nightly sleep/awake logs were collected for 4 months for each participant. Efficient sleep patterns were significantly associated with lower frequencies of maladaptive behaviors. All lagged cross-correlations 8 days before and 8 days after an evening of sleep were significant. These findings suggested that inefficient sleep was associated with increased maladaptive behaviors and that the lagged associations reflected a chronic but not an acute linkage between sleep and behavior.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Sleep versus Awake patterns per interval for subject 16 (a) contrasted with patterns of a subject with consistent sleep (b) and low frequency of maladaptive behaviors
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Fig3: Sleep versus Awake patterns per interval for subject 16 (a) contrasted with patterns of a subject with consistent sleep (b) and low frequency of maladaptive behaviors

Mentions: One interesting outcome of this study was the identification of an outlier. She was identified by her deviant sleep patterns (over three standard deviations from the group mean) and the relative absence of behavioral problems. This woman (subject 16) was 44 years old, profoundly mentally retarded, non-verbal, semi-ambulatory, and slept very little at night. We discovered that this woman slept most of the day and therefore did not present as an individual with behavioral problems. Although behaviors such as hitting others, head butting and banging her head against surfaces were identified as behavioral problems, not many counts were recorded because she napped most of the day. Figure 3 illustrates the subject’s erratic sleep pattern (a) over 18 months of observation versus a subject with consistent sleep (b). Thus the absence of an association between her poor sleep and behavior may be attributable to a disturbed circadian sleep cycle.Fig. 3


Maladaptive behaviors are linked with inefficient sleep in individuals with developmental disabilities.

Lenjavi MR, Ahuja MA, Touchette PE, Sandman CA - J Neurodev Disord (2010)

Sleep versus Awake patterns per interval for subject 16 (a) contrasted with patterns of a subject with consistent sleep (b) and low frequency of maladaptive behaviors
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2914862&req=5

Fig3: Sleep versus Awake patterns per interval for subject 16 (a) contrasted with patterns of a subject with consistent sleep (b) and low frequency of maladaptive behaviors
Mentions: One interesting outcome of this study was the identification of an outlier. She was identified by her deviant sleep patterns (over three standard deviations from the group mean) and the relative absence of behavioral problems. This woman (subject 16) was 44 years old, profoundly mentally retarded, non-verbal, semi-ambulatory, and slept very little at night. We discovered that this woman slept most of the day and therefore did not present as an individual with behavioral problems. Although behaviors such as hitting others, head butting and banging her head against surfaces were identified as behavioral problems, not many counts were recorded because she napped most of the day. Figure 3 illustrates the subject’s erratic sleep pattern (a) over 18 months of observation versus a subject with consistent sleep (b). Thus the absence of an association between her poor sleep and behavior may be attributable to a disturbed circadian sleep cycle.Fig. 3

Bottom Line: Efficient sleep patterns were significantly associated with lower frequencies of maladaptive behaviors.All lagged cross-correlations 8 days before and 8 days after an evening of sleep were significant.These findings suggested that inefficient sleep was associated with increased maladaptive behaviors and that the lagged associations reflected a chronic but not an acute linkage between sleep and behavior.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT
The purpose of the current study was to assess the relations between nightly sleep patterns and the frequency of daily maladaptive behavior. Antecedent and consequential relations between sleep patterns and behavior were evaluated with time series analysis. Sleep efficiency and maladaptive behavior were determined for 20 female residents of an institutional care facility for adults with developmental disabilities. Daily maladaptive behavioral data and nightly sleep/awake logs were collected for 4 months for each participant. Efficient sleep patterns were significantly associated with lower frequencies of maladaptive behaviors. All lagged cross-correlations 8 days before and 8 days after an evening of sleep were significant. These findings suggested that inefficient sleep was associated with increased maladaptive behaviors and that the lagged associations reflected a chronic but not an acute linkage between sleep and behavior.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus