Limits...
Structured floral arrangement programme for improving visuospatial working memory in schizophrenia.

Mochizuki-Kawai H, Yamakawa Y, Mochizuki S, Anzai S, Arai M - Neuropsychol Rehabil (2010)

Bottom Line: In the present pilot study, we investigated the effect of a structured floral arrangement (SFA) programme, where participants were required to create symmetrical floral arrangements.The schizophrenic patients who participated in this programme showed significant improvement in their scores for a block-tapping task backward version; whereas, non-treated control patients did not show such an improvement.The present results suggest that the SFA programme may positively stimulate visuospatial working memory in patients.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: National Institute of Floricultural Science, National Agriculture and Food Research Organization (NIFS-NARO), Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan. hirokom@affrc.go.jp

ABSTRACT
Several cognitive therapies have been developed for patients with schizophrenia. However, little is known about the outcomes of these therapies in terms of non-verbal/visuospatial working memory, even though this may affect patients' social outcomes. In the present pilot study, we investigated the effect of a structured floral arrangement (SFA) programme, where participants were required to create symmetrical floral arrangements. In this programme, the arrangement pattern and the order of placing each of the natural materials was predetermined. Participants have to identify where to place each material, and memorise the position temporarily to complete the floral arrangement. The schizophrenic patients who participated in this programme showed significant improvement in their scores for a block-tapping task backward version; whereas, non-treated control patients did not show such an improvement. The present results suggest that the SFA programme may positively stimulate visuospatial working memory in patients.

Show MeSH

Related in: MedlinePlus

Sample of floral arrangements made by the same participant in the second (a) and fourth (b) day sessions. According to the instruction sheets, participants were required to arrange four carnations (a) and roses (b) in a square shape like the line. Although the carnations were not arranged in a square shape (a), the roses were arranged in good order (b). [To view this figure in colour, please visit the online version of this Journal.]
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2913326&req=5

Figure 2: Sample of floral arrangements made by the same participant in the second (a) and fourth (b) day sessions. According to the instruction sheets, participants were required to arrange four carnations (a) and roses (b) in a square shape like the line. Although the carnations were not arranged in a square shape (a), the roses were arranged in good order (b). [To view this figure in colour, please visit the online version of this Journal.]

Mentions: Four of the eight SFA treated participants had difficulties in making floral arrangements according to the instruction sheet in the early sessions. For instance, they placed roses in the incorrect positions on the sponge where carnations should have been placed, or stopped work when they were unable to proceed to the next part of the task. However, almost all of the four participants showed improvements in their arrangement skills in the final session. Figure 2 shows samples of floral arrangements made by the same participant. In Figure 2a, the four carnations were arranged in a disorderly way, whereas they should have been placed in a square shape (line). While, in the fourth session, the four roses were correctly placed in each corner of a square (Figure 2b). Mean times required to place one material in the second half of each session were 18.1 seconds (SD = 6.9: session 1), 16.3 seconds (SD = 5.1: session 2), 11.2 seconds (SD = 4.5: session 3), and 14.0 seconds (SD = 7.1: session 4). One-way ANOVA showed no significant differences between sessions, F(3, 21) = 1.30.


Structured floral arrangement programme for improving visuospatial working memory in schizophrenia.

Mochizuki-Kawai H, Yamakawa Y, Mochizuki S, Anzai S, Arai M - Neuropsychol Rehabil (2010)

Sample of floral arrangements made by the same participant in the second (a) and fourth (b) day sessions. According to the instruction sheets, participants were required to arrange four carnations (a) and roses (b) in a square shape like the line. Although the carnations were not arranged in a square shape (a), the roses were arranged in good order (b). [To view this figure in colour, please visit the online version of this Journal.]
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2913326&req=5

Figure 2: Sample of floral arrangements made by the same participant in the second (a) and fourth (b) day sessions. According to the instruction sheets, participants were required to arrange four carnations (a) and roses (b) in a square shape like the line. Although the carnations were not arranged in a square shape (a), the roses were arranged in good order (b). [To view this figure in colour, please visit the online version of this Journal.]
Mentions: Four of the eight SFA treated participants had difficulties in making floral arrangements according to the instruction sheet in the early sessions. For instance, they placed roses in the incorrect positions on the sponge where carnations should have been placed, or stopped work when they were unable to proceed to the next part of the task. However, almost all of the four participants showed improvements in their arrangement skills in the final session. Figure 2 shows samples of floral arrangements made by the same participant. In Figure 2a, the four carnations were arranged in a disorderly way, whereas they should have been placed in a square shape (line). While, in the fourth session, the four roses were correctly placed in each corner of a square (Figure 2b). Mean times required to place one material in the second half of each session were 18.1 seconds (SD = 6.9: session 1), 16.3 seconds (SD = 5.1: session 2), 11.2 seconds (SD = 4.5: session 3), and 14.0 seconds (SD = 7.1: session 4). One-way ANOVA showed no significant differences between sessions, F(3, 21) = 1.30.

Bottom Line: In the present pilot study, we investigated the effect of a structured floral arrangement (SFA) programme, where participants were required to create symmetrical floral arrangements.The schizophrenic patients who participated in this programme showed significant improvement in their scores for a block-tapping task backward version; whereas, non-treated control patients did not show such an improvement.The present results suggest that the SFA programme may positively stimulate visuospatial working memory in patients.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: National Institute of Floricultural Science, National Agriculture and Food Research Organization (NIFS-NARO), Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan. hirokom@affrc.go.jp

ABSTRACT
Several cognitive therapies have been developed for patients with schizophrenia. However, little is known about the outcomes of these therapies in terms of non-verbal/visuospatial working memory, even though this may affect patients' social outcomes. In the present pilot study, we investigated the effect of a structured floral arrangement (SFA) programme, where participants were required to create symmetrical floral arrangements. In this programme, the arrangement pattern and the order of placing each of the natural materials was predetermined. Participants have to identify where to place each material, and memorise the position temporarily to complete the floral arrangement. The schizophrenic patients who participated in this programme showed significant improvement in their scores for a block-tapping task backward version; whereas, non-treated control patients did not show such an improvement. The present results suggest that the SFA programme may positively stimulate visuospatial working memory in patients.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus