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Thymoquinone and cisplatin as a therapeutic combination in lung cancer: In vitro and in vivo.

Jafri SH, Glass J, Shi R, Zhang S, Prince M, Kleiner-Hancock H - J. Exp. Clin. Cancer Res. (2010)

Bottom Line: TQ was able to inhibit cell proliferation, reduce cell viability and induce apoptosis.Using a mouse xenograft model we were able to demonstrate that combination of TQ and CDDP was well tolerated and significantly reduced tumor volume and tumor weight without additional toxicity to the mice.In the combination arms (TQ5 mg/kg/Cis 2.5 mg/kg) tumor volume was reduced by 59% and (TQ20 mg/kg/Cis 2.5 mg/kg) by 79% as compared to control which is consistent with in vitro data.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Feist-Weiller Cancer Center, Louisiana State University, Shreveport, LA 71130 USA. sjafri@lsuhsc.edu

ABSTRACT

Background: Thymoquinone (TQ) is a compound extracted from Black Caraway seeds of Nigella Sativa and is active against various cancers. Cisplatin (CDDP) is the most active chemotherapeutic agent in Lung Cancer. Here we report activity of TQ against non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cell lines alone and in combination with Cisplatin (CDDP).

Methods: For proliferation MTT assay, cell viability trypan blue assay and for apoptosis Annexin-V FITC assay were used in NCI-H460 and NCI-H146 cell lines. Inhibition of invasion by TQ was assessed using Matrigel assay and its affect on release of various cytokines was determined using RayBio Human Cytokine detection kit. Mouse xenograft model using NCI-H460 was used to determine in vivo activity of TQ and CDDP. Inhibition of LPS induced NF-kappaB expression by TQ was determined using transgenic mice expressing a luciferase reporter.

Results: TQ was able to inhibit cell proliferation, reduce cell viability and induce apoptosis. TQ at 100 microM and CDDP at 5 muM inhibited cell proliferation by nearly 90% and the combination showed synergism. TQ was able to induced apoptosis in both NCI-H460 and NCI-H146 cell lines. TQ also appears to affect the extracellular environment inhibiting invasion and reducing the production of two cytokines ENA-78 and Gro-alpha which are involved in neo-angiogenesis. Using a mouse xenograft model we were able to demonstrate that combination of TQ and CDDP was well tolerated and significantly reduced tumor volume and tumor weight without additional toxicity to the mice. In the combination arms (TQ5 mg/kg/Cis 2.5 mg/kg) tumor volume was reduced by 59% and (TQ20 mg/kg/Cis 2.5 mg/kg) by 79% as compared to control which is consistent with in vitro data. TQ down regulated NF-kappaB expression which may explain its various cellular activities and this activity may prove useful in overcoming CDDP resistance from over expression of NF-kappaB.

Conclusions: Thus TQ and CDDP appear to be an active therapeutic combination in lung cancer.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

The figure shows results of MTT assay for cell proliferation using NSCLC cell line NCI-H460 at 24, 48 and 72 hrs with control group representing 100% cell proliferation depicted by extreme left solid line. TQ alone is more active at 24 hrs and CDDP more active at 48 and 72 hrs. The combination of TQ and CDDP is more active than each agent alone with up to 89% inhibition of cell proliferation at 72 hrs with combination of TQ 100 μM and CDDP 5 μM. (*) shows significant inhibition by TQ at each level of CDDP (p < 0.05).
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Figure 2: The figure shows results of MTT assay for cell proliferation using NSCLC cell line NCI-H460 at 24, 48 and 72 hrs with control group representing 100% cell proliferation depicted by extreme left solid line. TQ alone is more active at 24 hrs and CDDP more active at 48 and 72 hrs. The combination of TQ and CDDP is more active than each agent alone with up to 89% inhibition of cell proliferation at 72 hrs with combination of TQ 100 μM and CDDP 5 μM. (*) shows significant inhibition by TQ at each level of CDDP (p < 0.05).

Mentions: The combined effect of TQ and CDDP on cell proliferation was most noticeable at 48 and 72 hrs with 89% inhibition of cell proliferation observed at 72 hrs (Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3)


Thymoquinone and cisplatin as a therapeutic combination in lung cancer: In vitro and in vivo.

Jafri SH, Glass J, Shi R, Zhang S, Prince M, Kleiner-Hancock H - J. Exp. Clin. Cancer Res. (2010)

The figure shows results of MTT assay for cell proliferation using NSCLC cell line NCI-H460 at 24, 48 and 72 hrs with control group representing 100% cell proliferation depicted by extreme left solid line. TQ alone is more active at 24 hrs and CDDP more active at 48 and 72 hrs. The combination of TQ and CDDP is more active than each agent alone with up to 89% inhibition of cell proliferation at 72 hrs with combination of TQ 100 μM and CDDP 5 μM. (*) shows significant inhibition by TQ at each level of CDDP (p < 0.05).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2909169&req=5

Figure 2: The figure shows results of MTT assay for cell proliferation using NSCLC cell line NCI-H460 at 24, 48 and 72 hrs with control group representing 100% cell proliferation depicted by extreme left solid line. TQ alone is more active at 24 hrs and CDDP more active at 48 and 72 hrs. The combination of TQ and CDDP is more active than each agent alone with up to 89% inhibition of cell proliferation at 72 hrs with combination of TQ 100 μM and CDDP 5 μM. (*) shows significant inhibition by TQ at each level of CDDP (p < 0.05).
Mentions: The combined effect of TQ and CDDP on cell proliferation was most noticeable at 48 and 72 hrs with 89% inhibition of cell proliferation observed at 72 hrs (Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3)

Bottom Line: TQ was able to inhibit cell proliferation, reduce cell viability and induce apoptosis.Using a mouse xenograft model we were able to demonstrate that combination of TQ and CDDP was well tolerated and significantly reduced tumor volume and tumor weight without additional toxicity to the mice.In the combination arms (TQ5 mg/kg/Cis 2.5 mg/kg) tumor volume was reduced by 59% and (TQ20 mg/kg/Cis 2.5 mg/kg) by 79% as compared to control which is consistent with in vitro data.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Feist-Weiller Cancer Center, Louisiana State University, Shreveport, LA 71130 USA. sjafri@lsuhsc.edu

ABSTRACT

Background: Thymoquinone (TQ) is a compound extracted from Black Caraway seeds of Nigella Sativa and is active against various cancers. Cisplatin (CDDP) is the most active chemotherapeutic agent in Lung Cancer. Here we report activity of TQ against non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cell lines alone and in combination with Cisplatin (CDDP).

Methods: For proliferation MTT assay, cell viability trypan blue assay and for apoptosis Annexin-V FITC assay were used in NCI-H460 and NCI-H146 cell lines. Inhibition of invasion by TQ was assessed using Matrigel assay and its affect on release of various cytokines was determined using RayBio Human Cytokine detection kit. Mouse xenograft model using NCI-H460 was used to determine in vivo activity of TQ and CDDP. Inhibition of LPS induced NF-kappaB expression by TQ was determined using transgenic mice expressing a luciferase reporter.

Results: TQ was able to inhibit cell proliferation, reduce cell viability and induce apoptosis. TQ at 100 microM and CDDP at 5 muM inhibited cell proliferation by nearly 90% and the combination showed synergism. TQ was able to induced apoptosis in both NCI-H460 and NCI-H146 cell lines. TQ also appears to affect the extracellular environment inhibiting invasion and reducing the production of two cytokines ENA-78 and Gro-alpha which are involved in neo-angiogenesis. Using a mouse xenograft model we were able to demonstrate that combination of TQ and CDDP was well tolerated and significantly reduced tumor volume and tumor weight without additional toxicity to the mice. In the combination arms (TQ5 mg/kg/Cis 2.5 mg/kg) tumor volume was reduced by 59% and (TQ20 mg/kg/Cis 2.5 mg/kg) by 79% as compared to control which is consistent with in vitro data. TQ down regulated NF-kappaB expression which may explain its various cellular activities and this activity may prove useful in overcoming CDDP resistance from over expression of NF-kappaB.

Conclusions: Thus TQ and CDDP appear to be an active therapeutic combination in lung cancer.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus