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Organometallic indolo[3,2-c]quinolines versus indolo[3,2-d]benzazepines: synthesis, structural and spectroscopic characterization, and biological efficacy.

Filak LK, Mühlgassner G, Jakupec MA, Heffeter P, Berger W, Arion VB, Keppler BK - J. Biol. Inorg. Chem. (2010)

Bottom Line: The synthesis of ruthenium(II) and osmium(II) arene complexes with the closely related indolo[3,2-c]quinolines N-(11H-indolo[3,2-c]quinolin-6-yl)-ethane-1,2-diamine (L ( 1 )) and N'-(11H-indolo[3,2-c]quinolin-6-yl)-N,N-dimethylethane-1,2-diamine (L ( 2 )) and indolo[3,2-d]benzazepines N-(7,12-dihydroindolo-[3,2-d][1]benzazepin-6-yl)-ethane-1,2-diamine (L ( 3 )) and N'-(7,12-dihydroindolo-[3,2-d][1]benzazepin-6-yl)-N,N-dimethylethane-1,2-diamine (L ( 4 )) of the general formulas [(eta(6)-p-cymene)M(II)(L ( 1 ))Cl]Cl, where M is Ru (4) and Os (6), [(eta(6)-p-cymene)M(II)(L ( 2 ))Cl]Cl, where M is Ru (5) and Os (7), [(eta(6)-p-cymene)M(II)(L ( 3 ))Cl]Cl, where M is Ru (8) and Os (10), and [(eta(6)-p-cymene)M(II)(L ( 4 ))Cl]Cl, where M is Ru (9) and Os (11), is reported.The metal-free indolo[3,2-c]quinolines inhibit cancer cell growth in vitro, with IC(50) values in the high nanomolar range, whereas those of the related indolo[3,2-d]benzazepines are in the low micromolar range.In cell-free experiments, these classes of compounds inhibit the activity of cdk2/cyclin E, but the much higher cytotoxicity and stronger cell cycle effects of indoloquinolines L ( 1 ) and 7 are not paralleled by a substantially higher kinase inhibition compared with indolobenzazepines L ( 4 ) and 11, arguing for additional targets and molecular effects, such as intercalation into DNA.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, University of Vienna, Währinger Strasse 42, 1090, Vienna, Austria.

ABSTRACT
The synthesis of ruthenium(II) and osmium(II) arene complexes with the closely related indolo[3,2-c]quinolines N-(11H-indolo[3,2-c]quinolin-6-yl)-ethane-1,2-diamine (L ( 1 )) and N'-(11H-indolo[3,2-c]quinolin-6-yl)-N,N-dimethylethane-1,2-diamine (L ( 2 )) and indolo[3,2-d]benzazepines N-(7,12-dihydroindolo-[3,2-d][1]benzazepin-6-yl)-ethane-1,2-diamine (L ( 3 )) and N'-(7,12-dihydroindolo-[3,2-d][1]benzazepin-6-yl)-N,N-dimethylethane-1,2-diamine (L ( 4 )) of the general formulas [(eta(6)-p-cymene)M(II)(L ( 1 ))Cl]Cl, where M is Ru (4) and Os (6), [(eta(6)-p-cymene)M(II)(L ( 2 ))Cl]Cl, where M is Ru (5) and Os (7), [(eta(6)-p-cymene)M(II)(L ( 3 ))Cl]Cl, where M is Ru (8) and Os (10), and [(eta(6)-p-cymene)M(II)(L ( 4 ))Cl]Cl, where M is Ru (9) and Os (11), is reported. The compounds have been comprehensively characterized by elemental analysis, electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, spectroscopy (IR, UV-vis, and NMR), and X-ray crystallography (L ( 1 ).HCl, 4.H(2)O, 5, and 9.2.5H(2)O). Structure-activity relationships with regard to cytotoxicity and cell cycle effects in human cancer cells as well as cyclin-dependent kinase (cdk) inhibition and DNA intercalation in cell-free settings have been established. The metal-free indolo[3,2-c]quinolines inhibit cancer cell growth in vitro, with IC(50) values in the high nanomolar range, whereas those of the related indolo[3,2-d]benzazepines are in the low micromolar range. In cell-free experiments, these classes of compounds inhibit the activity of cdk2/cyclin E, but the much higher cytotoxicity and stronger cell cycle effects of indoloquinolines L ( 1 ) and 7 are not paralleled by a substantially higher kinase inhibition compared with indolobenzazepines L ( 4 ) and 11, arguing for additional targets and molecular effects, such as intercalation into DNA.

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Str1:  

Mentions: The quinolin-2(1H)-one moiety (Structure 1) is involved in a large number of biologically active compounds [1–8]. Cytotoxic activity of α-methylidene-γ-butyrolactones bearing quinoline, coumarin, flavone, xanthone, and quinolin-2(1H)-one heterocycles has been studied, showing that the latter derivatives were the most potent antiproliferative agents [8]. Moreover, the indole backbone is a basic structural component of clinically used anticancer drugs, e.g., vinblastine [9] and vincristine [10].Structure 1


Organometallic indolo[3,2-c]quinolines versus indolo[3,2-d]benzazepines: synthesis, structural and spectroscopic characterization, and biological efficacy.

Filak LK, Mühlgassner G, Jakupec MA, Heffeter P, Berger W, Arion VB, Keppler BK - J. Biol. Inorg. Chem. (2010)

 
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2908761&req=5

Str1:  
Mentions: The quinolin-2(1H)-one moiety (Structure 1) is involved in a large number of biologically active compounds [1–8]. Cytotoxic activity of α-methylidene-γ-butyrolactones bearing quinoline, coumarin, flavone, xanthone, and quinolin-2(1H)-one heterocycles has been studied, showing that the latter derivatives were the most potent antiproliferative agents [8]. Moreover, the indole backbone is a basic structural component of clinically used anticancer drugs, e.g., vinblastine [9] and vincristine [10].Structure 1

Bottom Line: The synthesis of ruthenium(II) and osmium(II) arene complexes with the closely related indolo[3,2-c]quinolines N-(11H-indolo[3,2-c]quinolin-6-yl)-ethane-1,2-diamine (L ( 1 )) and N'-(11H-indolo[3,2-c]quinolin-6-yl)-N,N-dimethylethane-1,2-diamine (L ( 2 )) and indolo[3,2-d]benzazepines N-(7,12-dihydroindolo-[3,2-d][1]benzazepin-6-yl)-ethane-1,2-diamine (L ( 3 )) and N'-(7,12-dihydroindolo-[3,2-d][1]benzazepin-6-yl)-N,N-dimethylethane-1,2-diamine (L ( 4 )) of the general formulas [(eta(6)-p-cymene)M(II)(L ( 1 ))Cl]Cl, where M is Ru (4) and Os (6), [(eta(6)-p-cymene)M(II)(L ( 2 ))Cl]Cl, where M is Ru (5) and Os (7), [(eta(6)-p-cymene)M(II)(L ( 3 ))Cl]Cl, where M is Ru (8) and Os (10), and [(eta(6)-p-cymene)M(II)(L ( 4 ))Cl]Cl, where M is Ru (9) and Os (11), is reported.The metal-free indolo[3,2-c]quinolines inhibit cancer cell growth in vitro, with IC(50) values in the high nanomolar range, whereas those of the related indolo[3,2-d]benzazepines are in the low micromolar range.In cell-free experiments, these classes of compounds inhibit the activity of cdk2/cyclin E, but the much higher cytotoxicity and stronger cell cycle effects of indoloquinolines L ( 1 ) and 7 are not paralleled by a substantially higher kinase inhibition compared with indolobenzazepines L ( 4 ) and 11, arguing for additional targets and molecular effects, such as intercalation into DNA.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, University of Vienna, Währinger Strasse 42, 1090, Vienna, Austria.

ABSTRACT
The synthesis of ruthenium(II) and osmium(II) arene complexes with the closely related indolo[3,2-c]quinolines N-(11H-indolo[3,2-c]quinolin-6-yl)-ethane-1,2-diamine (L ( 1 )) and N'-(11H-indolo[3,2-c]quinolin-6-yl)-N,N-dimethylethane-1,2-diamine (L ( 2 )) and indolo[3,2-d]benzazepines N-(7,12-dihydroindolo-[3,2-d][1]benzazepin-6-yl)-ethane-1,2-diamine (L ( 3 )) and N'-(7,12-dihydroindolo-[3,2-d][1]benzazepin-6-yl)-N,N-dimethylethane-1,2-diamine (L ( 4 )) of the general formulas [(eta(6)-p-cymene)M(II)(L ( 1 ))Cl]Cl, where M is Ru (4) and Os (6), [(eta(6)-p-cymene)M(II)(L ( 2 ))Cl]Cl, where M is Ru (5) and Os (7), [(eta(6)-p-cymene)M(II)(L ( 3 ))Cl]Cl, where M is Ru (8) and Os (10), and [(eta(6)-p-cymene)M(II)(L ( 4 ))Cl]Cl, where M is Ru (9) and Os (11), is reported. The compounds have been comprehensively characterized by elemental analysis, electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, spectroscopy (IR, UV-vis, and NMR), and X-ray crystallography (L ( 1 ).HCl, 4.H(2)O, 5, and 9.2.5H(2)O). Structure-activity relationships with regard to cytotoxicity and cell cycle effects in human cancer cells as well as cyclin-dependent kinase (cdk) inhibition and DNA intercalation in cell-free settings have been established. The metal-free indolo[3,2-c]quinolines inhibit cancer cell growth in vitro, with IC(50) values in the high nanomolar range, whereas those of the related indolo[3,2-d]benzazepines are in the low micromolar range. In cell-free experiments, these classes of compounds inhibit the activity of cdk2/cyclin E, but the much higher cytotoxicity and stronger cell cycle effects of indoloquinolines L ( 1 ) and 7 are not paralleled by a substantially higher kinase inhibition compared with indolobenzazepines L ( 4 ) and 11, arguing for additional targets and molecular effects, such as intercalation into DNA.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus