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Chlorine gas: an evolving hazardous material threat and unconventional weapon.

Jones R, Wills B, Kang C - West J Emerg Med (2010)

Bottom Line: Chlorine gas represents a hazardous material threat from industrial accidents and as a terrorist weapon.This review will summarize recent events involving chlorine disasters and its use by terrorists, discuss pre-hospital considerations and suggest strategies for the initial management for acute chlorine exposure events.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Madigan Army Medical Center, Department of Emergency Medicine, Tacoma, WA.

ABSTRACT
Chlorine gas represents a hazardous material threat from industrial accidents and as a terrorist weapon. This review will summarize recent events involving chlorine disasters and its use by terrorists, discuss pre-hospital considerations and suggest strategies for the initial management for acute chlorine exposure events.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Chlorine and water interact forming acid and oxidant byproducts
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f1-wjem-11-151: Chlorine and water interact forming acid and oxidant byproducts

Mentions: Chlorine’s toxic effects are due primarily to the production of hypochlorous and hydrochloric acid that occurs when elemental chlorine (Cl2) reacts with water. These two acids then further react to produce oxygen free radicals (Figure 1). In large exposures, the acids and free radicals then damage cell walls and interact with sulfhydryl groups on various amino acids and enzyme systems.16,18 Histologic findings of this damage include bronchial edema, desquamation of epithelial cells, erosions and localized necrosis.2,21


Chlorine gas: an evolving hazardous material threat and unconventional weapon.

Jones R, Wills B, Kang C - West J Emerg Med (2010)

Chlorine and water interact forming acid and oxidant byproducts
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2908650&req=5

f1-wjem-11-151: Chlorine and water interact forming acid and oxidant byproducts
Mentions: Chlorine’s toxic effects are due primarily to the production of hypochlorous and hydrochloric acid that occurs when elemental chlorine (Cl2) reacts with water. These two acids then further react to produce oxygen free radicals (Figure 1). In large exposures, the acids and free radicals then damage cell walls and interact with sulfhydryl groups on various amino acids and enzyme systems.16,18 Histologic findings of this damage include bronchial edema, desquamation of epithelial cells, erosions and localized necrosis.2,21

Bottom Line: Chlorine gas represents a hazardous material threat from industrial accidents and as a terrorist weapon.This review will summarize recent events involving chlorine disasters and its use by terrorists, discuss pre-hospital considerations and suggest strategies for the initial management for acute chlorine exposure events.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Madigan Army Medical Center, Department of Emergency Medicine, Tacoma, WA.

ABSTRACT
Chlorine gas represents a hazardous material threat from industrial accidents and as a terrorist weapon. This review will summarize recent events involving chlorine disasters and its use by terrorists, discuss pre-hospital considerations and suggest strategies for the initial management for acute chlorine exposure events.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus