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Preparing children with a mock scanner training protocol results in high quality structural and functional MRI scans.

de Bie HM, Boersma M, Wattjes MP, Adriaanse S, Vermeulen RJ, Oostrom KJ, Huisman J, Veltman DJ, Delemarre-Van de Waal HA - Eur. J. Pediatr. (2010)

Bottom Line: Children were referred to the actual MRI investigation only when they passed the training.It may reduce the need for sedation in young children undergoing MRI.Our protocol is also effective in preparing young children to participate in fMRI investigations.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Endocrinology, VU University Medical Center, PO Box 7057, 1007 MB, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. b.debie@vumc.nl

ABSTRACT
We evaluated the use of a mock scanner training protocol as an alternative for sedation and for preparing young children for (functional) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Children with severe mental retardation or developmental disorders were excluded. A group of 90 children (median age 6.5 years, range 3.65-14.5 years) participated in this study. Children were referred to the actual MRI investigation only when they passed the training. We assessed the pass rate of the mock scanner training sessions. In addition, the quality of both structural and functional MRI (fMRI) scans was rated on a semi-quantitative scale. The overall pass rate of the mock scanner training sessions was 85/90. Structural scans of diagnostic quality were obtained in 81/90 children, and fMRI scans with sufficient quality for further analysis were obtained in 30/43 of the children. Even in children under 7 years of age, who are generally sedated, the success rate of structural scans with diagnostic quality was 53/60. FMRI scans with sufficient quality were obtained in 23/36 of the children in this younger age group. The association between age and proportion of children with fMRI scans of sufficient quality was not statistically significant. We conclude that a mock MRI scanner training protocol can be useful to prepare children for a diagnostic MRI scan. It may reduce the need for sedation in young children undergoing MRI. Our protocol is also effective in preparing young children to participate in fMRI investigations.

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Transverse sections of T2-weighted MR images through the supratentorial brain demonstrating different degrees of movement artifacts according to our rating scale. 1: no motion artifacts, excellent quality, 2: little motion artifacts (arrows), good quality, 3: moderate motion artifacts, acceptable quality, and 4: excessive motion artifacts, poor quality
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Fig2: Transverse sections of T2-weighted MR images through the supratentorial brain demonstrating different degrees of movement artifacts according to our rating scale. 1: no motion artifacts, excellent quality, 2: little motion artifacts (arrows), good quality, 3: moderate motion artifacts, acceptable quality, and 4: excessive motion artifacts, poor quality

Mentions: The quality of structural MRI scans was rated according to a five-point rating scale by an experienced radiologist (MPW) as 1: no motion artifacts, excellent quality, 2: little motion artifacts, good quality, 3: moderate motion artifacts, acceptable quality, 4: excessive motion artifacts, poor quality, and 5: incomplete scan (Fig. 2). Scans of score 1–3 were considered to be of sufficient quality for diagnostic purposes. Success rate of structural scan sessions was defined as the proportion of children with structural MRI scans with score 1–3. As sedation is used frequently in children under 7 years of age, we also assessed the success rate of structural scan sessions in this younger group separately.Fig. 2


Preparing children with a mock scanner training protocol results in high quality structural and functional MRI scans.

de Bie HM, Boersma M, Wattjes MP, Adriaanse S, Vermeulen RJ, Oostrom KJ, Huisman J, Veltman DJ, Delemarre-Van de Waal HA - Eur. J. Pediatr. (2010)

Transverse sections of T2-weighted MR images through the supratentorial brain demonstrating different degrees of movement artifacts according to our rating scale. 1: no motion artifacts, excellent quality, 2: little motion artifacts (arrows), good quality, 3: moderate motion artifacts, acceptable quality, and 4: excessive motion artifacts, poor quality
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2908445&req=5

Fig2: Transverse sections of T2-weighted MR images through the supratentorial brain demonstrating different degrees of movement artifacts according to our rating scale. 1: no motion artifacts, excellent quality, 2: little motion artifacts (arrows), good quality, 3: moderate motion artifacts, acceptable quality, and 4: excessive motion artifacts, poor quality
Mentions: The quality of structural MRI scans was rated according to a five-point rating scale by an experienced radiologist (MPW) as 1: no motion artifacts, excellent quality, 2: little motion artifacts, good quality, 3: moderate motion artifacts, acceptable quality, 4: excessive motion artifacts, poor quality, and 5: incomplete scan (Fig. 2). Scans of score 1–3 were considered to be of sufficient quality for diagnostic purposes. Success rate of structural scan sessions was defined as the proportion of children with structural MRI scans with score 1–3. As sedation is used frequently in children under 7 years of age, we also assessed the success rate of structural scan sessions in this younger group separately.Fig. 2

Bottom Line: Children were referred to the actual MRI investigation only when they passed the training.It may reduce the need for sedation in young children undergoing MRI.Our protocol is also effective in preparing young children to participate in fMRI investigations.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Endocrinology, VU University Medical Center, PO Box 7057, 1007 MB, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. b.debie@vumc.nl

ABSTRACT
We evaluated the use of a mock scanner training protocol as an alternative for sedation and for preparing young children for (functional) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Children with severe mental retardation or developmental disorders were excluded. A group of 90 children (median age 6.5 years, range 3.65-14.5 years) participated in this study. Children were referred to the actual MRI investigation only when they passed the training. We assessed the pass rate of the mock scanner training sessions. In addition, the quality of both structural and functional MRI (fMRI) scans was rated on a semi-quantitative scale. The overall pass rate of the mock scanner training sessions was 85/90. Structural scans of diagnostic quality were obtained in 81/90 children, and fMRI scans with sufficient quality for further analysis were obtained in 30/43 of the children. Even in children under 7 years of age, who are generally sedated, the success rate of structural scans with diagnostic quality was 53/60. FMRI scans with sufficient quality were obtained in 23/36 of the children in this younger age group. The association between age and proportion of children with fMRI scans of sufficient quality was not statistically significant. We conclude that a mock MRI scanner training protocol can be useful to prepare children for a diagnostic MRI scan. It may reduce the need for sedation in young children undergoing MRI. Our protocol is also effective in preparing young children to participate in fMRI investigations.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus